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This book focuses on the current issue of environmental data management in view of the difficulties associated with various aspects of data management, i.e., objectives and constraints, design of data collection networks, statistical and physical sampling, remote sensing and GIS, databases, reliability of data, data analysis, and transformation of data into information. The subject has an international, interdisciplinary nature and constitutes the basis for all environmental management activities.
The book presents an integrated approach to the problem, consisting of:
-integration of different levels and aspects of environmental data management;
-state-of-the-art evaluation of problems and solutions relevant to each aspect;
-integration of views and expertise of scientists from different disciplines and different countries;
-integration of interdisciplinary approaches to data collection and information retrieval.
Preface. List of Contributors.
I: Introduction. Integrated Data Management: Where are We Headed? N.B. Harmancioglu. The Conversion of Data into Information for Public Participation in Decision Making Processes; M.B. Abbott. Challenges in Transboundary and Transdisciplinary Environmental Data Integration in a Highly Heterogeneous and Rapidly Changing World; T. Maurer. Information Technology and Environmental Data Management; M. Santos.
II: Objectives and Institutional Aspects of Environmental Data Management. Information-Integration-Inspiration; P. Geerders. Ocean Teacher: A Capacity Building Tool for Oceanographic Data and Information Management; G. Reed.
III: Design of Data Collection Networks. Environmental Monitoring Time Scales: From Transient Events to Long-Term Trends; P.H. Whitfield. Regional Streamflow Network Analysis Using the Generalized Least Square Method: A Case Study in the Kizilirmak River Basin; A.U. Sorman. Automated Water Quality Monitoring in Water Distribution Networks; Y.A. Papadimitrakis, S.D. Ozkul.
IV: Statistical Sampling. Uncertainty in Environmental Analysis; V.P. Singh, et al. Physics of Environmental Frequency Analysis; W.G. Strupczewski, et al. Assessment of Outliers in Statistical Data Analysis; B. Onoz, B. Oguz.
V: Physical Sampling and Presentation of Data. Modern Data Types for Environmental Monitoring and Water Resources Management; G.A. Schultz. Assessing the Applicability of Hydrologic Information from Radar Imagery; F.P.de Troch, et al. Integrated Satellite Airborne Technology for Monitoring Ice Cover Parameters and Ice-Associated Forms of Seals in the Arctic; V.V. Melentyev, et al.
VI: Environmental Databases. Integrated Application of United Kingdom National River Flow and Water Quality Databases for Estimating River Mass Loads; I.G. Littlewood. Integrated Multidisciplinary Marine Environmental Databases; V.L. Vladimirov, et al. Regional Environmental Changes: Databases and Information; K.A. Karimov, R.D. Gainutdinova. Environmental Health Indicators in Europe: A pilot Project; D. Dalbokova, M. Krzyanowski.
VII: Data Processing, Analysis and Modeling. Downscaling of Continental-Scale Atmospheric Forecasts to the Scale of a Watershed for Hydrologic Forecasting; M.L. Kavvas, et al. Upscaling Surface Flow Equations Depending upon Data Availability at Different Scales; G. Tayfur. Integration of Intelligent Techniques for Environmental Data Processing; E. Charou, et al. Integrated Use of Monitoring and Modeling in Water Resources Research; G. Mendicino.
VIII: Remote Sensing and GIS. DBMS/GIS Applications in Integrated Marine Data Management; N.N. Mikhailov, A.A. Vorontsov. The Use of Satellite Remote Sensing Data in Numerical Modeling of the North Pacific Circulation; V. Kuzin, et al. Application of GIS Technology in Hydrometeorological Modeling; A. Vorontzov, et al. Satallite Observation of Aral Sea; S.V. Stanichny, et al. Remote Sensing of the Lacustrine Environment: Data Sources and Analysis; S.V. Semovski.
IX: Transfer of Data into Information. From Data Management to Decision Support; K. Fedra. Urban Drainage, Development Planning and Catchment Flood Management GIS Contrasts in the U.K.; J.C. Packman. Metadata as Tools for Integration of Environmental Data and Information Production; E. Vyazilov, et al. Perspective Decisions and Examples on the Access and Exchange of Data and Information Products Using Web and XML Application