Integrated Urban Systems Modeling: Theory and Applications

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9789401075831
  • Publisher: Springer Netherlands
  • Publication date: 12/31/2013
  • Series: Studies in Operational Regional Science Series , #7
  • Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1989
  • Pages: 300
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.62 (d)

Table of Contents

I Urban Form, Functions and Structure.- 1 Urban Systems and Systems Analysis.- 1.1 Why Urban Areas?.- 1.2 Measuring Exports from Urban Areas.- 1.3 Review on Urban Systems Models.- 1.3.1 Location Theory and Spatial Economies.- 1.3.2 Models of Urban Rents.- 1.3.3 Models of Regional Economics.- 1.3.4 Transportation Models.- 1.4 Urban Systems and Mathematical Programming.- 2 Determinants of Urban Structure.- 2.1 Suburbanization Trends.- 2.2 Intensive Use of Urban Land.- 2.3 The Role of Congestion in Urban Form and Structure.- 2.4 Concluding Remarks.- II Linear Programming Models and Applications.- 3 Integrated Urban Systems Model I.- 3.1 Introduction.- 3.2 Model Formulation: Postulates.- 3.2.1 Export Requirements of Urban Goods.- 3.2.2 Cost Minimizing Production Function.- 3.2.3 Leontief Fixed Coefficient Production Function.- 3.2 4 Commodity Flow System.- 3.3 Model.- 3.3.1 Exogenous variables.- 3.3.2 Endogenous variables.- 3.4 A Numerical Calculation.- 3.4.1 Input Data.- 3.5 Concluding Remarks.- 4 An Application: Zoning for a Metropolis.- 4.1 Introduction.- 4.2 Model Solution for a Metropolis.- 4.3 Formulating a Zoning Map: An Example.- 4.4 Concluding Remarks.- III Nonlinear Programming Models And Applications.- 5 Integrated Urban Systems Model II.- 5.1 Introduction.- 5.2 Postulates.- 5.2.1 Interzonal Passenger and Commodity Flow.- 5.2.2 User Equilibrium Route and Mode Choice.- 5.3 The Model.- 5.3.1 Exogenous Variables.- 5.3.2 Endogenous Variables.- 5.3.3 Model Development.- 5.3.4 Economic Interpretation of Optimality Conditions.- 5.4 Concluding Remarks.- 6 Solution Algorithms.- 6.1 Introduction.- 6.2 Solution Techniques for Network Equilibrium Model.- 6.3 Alternative Solution Techniques.- 6.3.1 Wilson’s Iterative Balancing Method.- 6.3.2 Powell’s Hybrid Numerical Method.- 6.3.3 Comparisons of the Two Methods.- 6.4 An Alternative Solution Algorithm.- 6.4.1 Solution Algorithm: An Alternative.- 6.5 A Numerical Example.- 6.6 Concluding Remarks.- 7 Model Application to the Chicago Area: Existing Urban Form VS. Model Estimates.- 7.1 Introduction.- 7.2 Application to the Chicago Region: Data.- 7.2.1 Zone and Transportation System.- 7.2.2 Zone System.- 7.2.3 Highway Network.- 7.2.4 Export Zones and Export Handling Cost.- 7.2.5 Land Availability.- 7.3 Transportation Cost Functions.- 7.4 Nonsurvey Input-Output Method.- 7.4.1 Updating Tables.- 7.4.2 Removal of Imports.- 7.4.3 Conversion to Normalized Coefficients.- 7.4.4 Adjustment for Regional Trade Patterns.- 7.4.5 Commodity Aggregation.- 7.4.6 Calculating the Direct Requirement Table.- 7.5 Total Outputs and Exports.- 7.5.1 Total Outputs.- 7.5.2 Total Exports.- 7.6 Land/Capital Input Coefficients and Parameters.- 7.6.1 Land Input Coefficients.- 7.6.2 Capital Input Coefficients.- 7.7 Other Input Parameters.- 7.7.1 Agricultural Land Rent and Capital Rent.- 7.7.2 Trip Generation Factors.- 7.7.3 Auto Occupancy Ratio and Truck Loading Factor.- 7.8 Application to the Chicago Region: Model Estimates and Evaluation.- 7.8.1 Analysis of Convergence.- 7.8.2 Evaluation of the Model Estimates.- 7.9 Concluding Remarks.- 8 Impact Analysis of Network Changes on Urban Form and Structure.- 8.1 Introduction.- 8.2 Fluctuating Lake Levels and Their Transportation Implications.- 8.3 Long-Run Effects of Closing a Major Arterial Street.- 8.4 Concluding Remarks.- IV Future Directions for Integrated Urban Systems Modeling.- 9 Modeling Public-Private Interaction: Bilevel Programming Approach.- 9.1 Introduction.- 9.2 Bilevel Programming Problem.- 9.3 Bilevel Programming Models for Public-Private Interaction.- 9.4 Solution Algorithms: Review and Evaluation.- 9.4.1 Extreme Point Search Method.- 9.4.2 Kuhn-Tucker Approach.- 9.4.3 Descent Method.- 9.5 An Alternative Solution Algorithm.- 9.6 Numerical Analysis.- 9.6.1 Example 1.- 9.6.2 Example 2.- 9.7 Further Research Direction.- 10 Urban Systems Modeling: Retrospects and Prospects.- 10.1 Urban Systems Models Revisited.- 10.2 Urban Systems Modeling: Future Prospects.- 10.2.1 Changes in Urban Lifestyles.- 10.2.2 Subjects for Further Study.- 10.2.3 Emerging New Tools for Urban Systems Modeling.- A Sample Calculation for Example 1.- Author Index.

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