I. INTEGRATING CHILDREN'S LEARNING: RATIONALE AND METHODS.
1. Learning and the Intellectual Development of Children.
Meaningful Learning: The Construction of Understanding. Characteristics of Children. Intellectual Development and How Children Learn. Teacher as Decision Maker. Styles of Learning.
2. Planning and Implementing a Supportive Environment for Learning.
Perceptions. Providing a Supportive Learning Environment. Classroom Management. Preparation Provides Confidence and Success. Mistakes Commonly Made by Teachers that Cause Children's Misbehavior. Practicing Safety in the Classroom.
3. Curriculum Planning.
Planning to Teach. Setting Goals and Objectives. Long-Term Planning. Short-Term Planning: Lesson Plans. The Final Step: Assessment.
4. Lesson Planning.
Reasons for Planning. Components of Planning. Planning a Program of Instruction. Collaborative and Cooperative Team Planning. Examples of Aims, Goals, and Objectives. Instructional Objectives and Their Relationship to Instruction and Assessment. Preparing Instructional Objectives. Classification of Learning Objectives. Using the Taxonomies. Questioning Techniques. Processes in Instructional Planning. The Daily Lesson Plan. Sample Integrated Unit Plan with Daily Lessons.
5. Assessment of Learning.
Purposes of Assessment. Guidelines for Assessing Learning. Clarification of Terms Used in Assessment. Assessing Student Learning. Cooperative Learning and Assessment. Involving Children in Self-Assessment. Maintaining Records of Student Achievement. Grading and Marking Student Achievement. Testing for Achievement. Preparing Assessment Items. Specific Guidelines for Preparing Items for Use in Assessment. Reporting Children's Achievement.
6. The Selection and Use of Aids and Resources.
Nonprojected Instructional Tools. The Writing Board. Visual Displays. The Community as a Resource. Projected and Recorded Instructional Tools. Projectors. Television, Videos and Videodiscs. Computers. Calculators.
II. METHODS AND ACTIVITIES FOR TEACHING LANGUAGE ARTS.
7. Early Language Arts Learning.
Basic Levels Language Learning. How Children Learn Language. Providing Learning Opportunities. Integrating the Language Arts Into the Curriculum.
What is Listening? Comprehensive Listening. Critical Listening. Appreciative Listening. Classroom Activities. Problem-Solving Experience Involving Language Arts Skills: Buzz Session. Assessment Strategy. Language Arts Skills Lesson Plan: Listening for Details.
9. Speaking: Talk in the Classroom.
Informal Talk Activities. Interpretive Talk Activities. More Formal Talk Activities. Dramatic Activities. Classroom Activities. Problem- Solving Experience Involving Language Arts Skills. Assessment Strategy. Language Arts Skills Lesson Plan: Interviewing.
10. The Writing Process.
Prewriting. Drafting. Revising. Editing. Sharing. The Writing Process in Action. Classroom Activities. Problem-Solving Experiences Involving Language Arts Skills: Organization Using a Problem, Cause and Solution Format. Assessment Strategy. Language Arts Skills Lesson Plan: Letter Writing.
11. The Writer's Tools: Spelling, Handwriting, Grammar, Punctuation, and Capitalization.
How Young Children Learn to Spell. Teaching Young Children How to Spell. Handwriting Forms. Ways Teachers Teach Handwriting. Teaching Grammar. Learning Grammar Through Literature. Learning Grammar Through Writing. The Mechanics of Writing. Classroom Activities. Problem-Solving Experiences Involving Language Arts Skills: What Major Influences Changed the English Language in the United States? Assessment Strategy. Language Arts Skills Lesson Plan: Relating Meaning and Spelling.
12. Reading and Connections with Writing.
Reading. Instructional Guidelines. The Reading and Writing Processes. Making the Connection with Young Children. Making the Connection with Authors. Making the Connection with Stories. Making the Connection with Informational Books. Classroom Activities. Problem-Solving Experience Involving Language Arts Skills: What is the Importance of Selected Native American Symbols As the Symbols Relate to the Culture? Assessment Strategy. Language Arts Skills Lesson Plan: Gaining Meaning from Reading.
III. METHODS AND ACTIVITIES FOR SOCIAL STUDIES.
13. Early Social Studies Learning.
Goals for the Social Studies. Knowledge. Attitudes and Values. Skills.
14. Integrating Social Studies Across the Curriculum.
Exemplary Integrated Unit. Making Sense of Integrated Education. Where to Begin? The Literacy Connection. Producing Original Biographies. The Changing Concept of Literacy.
15. Reaching Children with Special Needs.
Special Needs Children in Your Classroom. Individualized Social Studies Instruction. Social Studies for Children with Physical Differences. Social Studies for Intellectually Different Students. Social Studies for Culturally Diverse Students.
IV. SELECTED ACTIVITIES FOR INTEGRATED LANGUAGE ARTS AND SOCIAL STUDIES.
16. Activities for Integrated Language Arts and Social Studies.
Learning and Working Now and Long Ago. A Childs Place in Time and Space. People Who Make a Difference. Continuity and Change. Our Changing State (Grade 4 Up). Making a New Nation (Grade 4 Up).