Integration Or Separation? / Edition 1

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Overview

Integrated in principle, segregated in fact: is this the legacy of fifty years of "progress" in American racial policy? Is there hope for much better? Roy L. Brooks, a distinguished professor of law and a writer on matters of race and civil rights, says with frank clarity what few will admit--integration hasn't worked and possibly never will. Equally, he casts doubt on the solution that many African-Americans and mainstream whites have advocated: total separation of the races. This book presents Brooks's strategy for a middle way between the increasingly unworkable extremes of integration and separation.

Limited separation, the approach Brooks proposes, shifts the focus of civil rights policy from the group to the individual. Defined as cultural and economic integration within African-American society, this policy would promote separate schooling, housing, and business enterprises where needed to bolster the self-sufficiency of the community, without trammeling the racial interests of individuals inside or outside of the group, and without endangering the idea of a shared Americanness. But all the while Brooks envisions African-American public schools, businesses, and communities redesigned to serve the enlightened self-interest of the individual. Unwilling to give up entirely on racial integration, he argues that limited separation may indeed lead to improved race relations and, ultimately, to healthy integration.

This book appears at a crucial time, as Republicans dismantle past civil rights policies and Democrats search for new ones. With its alternative strategy and useful policy ideas for bringing individual African-Americans into mainstream society as first-class citizens, Integration or Separation? should influence debate and policymaking across the spectra of race, class, and political persuasion.

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Editorial Reviews

Choice
Brooks, a legal scholar who spent much of his career arguing for integration, breaks new ground with this powerful case for 'limited separation'--an alternative to both integrationist and separatist solutions to American racism...[T]he book is valuable for its thorough review of the state of American race relations today and the inadequacy of current solutions.
Black Issues Book Reviews

[Integration or Separation] is a scholarly and reasoned analysis of the history of race relations, laws regarding the same, and state-of-the-art civil-rights thinking. Its purpose appears to be to influence those who influence others in shaping institutional, political, and legal solutions to civil-rights questions...One hopes that the ideas he has offered up for debate will be given wider circulation.
— Angela Dodson

Black Issues Book Reviews - Angela Dodson
[Integration or Separation] is a scholarly and reasoned analysis of the history of race relations, laws regarding the same, and state-of-the-art civil-rights thinking. Its purpose appears to be to influence those who influence others in shaping institutional, political, and legal solutions to civil-rights questions...One hopes that the ideas he has offered up for debate will be given wider circulation.
Black Issues Book Reviews
[Integration or Separation] is a scholarly and reasoned analysis of the history of race relations, laws regarding the same, and state-of-the-art civil-rights thinking. Its purpose appears to be to influence those who influence others in shaping institutional, political, and legal solutions to civil-rights questions...One hopes that the ideas he has offered up for debate will be given wider circulation.
— Angela Dodson
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780674456457
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • Publication date: 9/1/1999
  • Edition description: REPRINT
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 364
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.81 (d)

Meet the Author

Roy L. Brooks is Warren Distinguished Professor of Law at the University of San Diego Law School.
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Table of Contents

Preface

Racial Integration

Elementary and Secondary Education

Higher Education

Housing

Employment

Voting

Why Integration Has Failed

Total Separation

Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. Du Bois

Marcus Garvey

The Nation of Islam

Emigration to Liberia

Black Towns in the United States

Intra-Racial Conflicts and Racial Romanticism

Limited Separation

The Case for a Policy of Limited Separation

Elementary and Secondary Education

Higher Education

Cultural Integration within the Community

Economic Integration within the Community

Political Power

Epilogue

Notes

Index

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Customer Reviews

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Sort by: Showing 1 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted September 11, 2007

    Good Book

    This is a good book to read. It sheds light on the issues of race in America. Not an easy question to answer.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
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