Intelligence and National Security Policymaking on Iraq: British and American Perspectives

Intelligence and National Security Policymaking on Iraq: British and American Perspectives

by James P. Pfiffner
     
 

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ISBN-10: 1603440674

ISBN-13: 9781603440677

Pub. Date: 09/28/2008

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press

The highly controversial decision to go to war in Iraq in 2003 has had repercussions of historic dimensions throughout the world. Critics have questioned the way intelligence was gathered and presented and have challenged the decision-making processes that led both the United States and the United Kingdom to war.

Drawing on the unusually extensive official

Overview

The highly controversial decision to go to war in Iraq in 2003 has had repercussions of historic dimensions throughout the world. Critics have questioned the way intelligence was gathered and presented and have challenged the decision-making processes that led both the United States and the United Kingdom to war.

Drawing on the unusually extensive official documentation that has emerged through multiple inquiries on both sides of the Atlantic, as well as insider accounts of CIA deliberations, the contributors to this volume offer careful and insightful analyses of the national security decision-making process, the foreign policy roles of the President and Prime Minister, the roles of Congress and Parliament, the management and limits of intelligence, the shapping of public opinion, and the ethics of humanitarian military intervention. The book also discusses the dilemmas faced by Australia, a junior ally in the War on Terror, and their implications for Australian intelligence.

Key speeches and documents related to going to war offer students of foreign and national security policy the opportunity to gain a nuanced understanding of both the process and the justification of going to war. Just as the Cuban Missile Crisis has been used for decades as a case study in good decision making, the decision to go to war in Iraq will be analyzed for years to come for lessons about what can go wrong in decisions about war.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781603440677
Publisher:
Texas A&M University Press
Publication date:
09/28/2008
Series:
Joseph V. Hughes Jr. and Holly O. Hughes Series on the Presidency and Leadership
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
310
Product dimensions:
6.50(w) x 9.50(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents


List of figures     viii
Acknowledgements     ix
List of contributors     xi
Introduction: Policymaking and intelligence on Iraq   James P. Pfiffner   Mark Phythian     1
Intellectual antecedents of the Iraq war     17
The neoconservative roots of the war in Iraq   John Dumbrell     19
The origins of the British decision to go to war: Tony Blair, humanitarian intervention, and the "new doctrine of the international community"   Jim Whitman     40
The public case for war     57
Did President Bush mislead the country in his arguments for war with Iraq?   James P. Pfiffner     59
The British road to war: decisionmaking, intelligence, and the case for war in Iraq   Mark Phythian     85
Australian use of intelligence and the case for war in Iraq   Rodney Tiffen     106
The Iraq war and the management of American public opinion   John Mueller     126
Intelligence failure     149
Intelligence collection and analysis on Iraq: issues for the US intelligence community   Richard Kerr   Thomas Wolfe   Rebecca Donegan   Aris Pappas     151
The politics and psychology of intelligence and intelligence reform   RobertJervis     162
Congress, the Iraq war, and the failures of intelligence oversight   Loch K. Johnson     172
Flawed intelligence, limited oversight: official inquiries into prewar UK intelligence on Iraq   Mark Phythian     191
Policy failure     211
Decisionmaking, intelligence, and the Iraq war   James P. Pfiffner     213
Intelligence, policy, and the war in Iraq   Paul R. Pillar     233
Excerpts from key speeches and documents     245
Excerpts from key US speeches before the war in Iraq     247
Excerpts from President George W. Bush, State of the Union Address, January 29, 2002     247
Vice President Cheney's Remarks at the Veterans of Foreign Wars Convention, August 26, 2002     248
President Bush Outlines Iraq Threat, Remarks in Cincinnati, Ohio, October 7, 2002     251
President Bush, State of the Union Address, January 28, 2003     253
Excerpts from key UK speeches and documents before the war in Iraq     255
Tony Blair, 'Doctrine of the International Community' Speech, Economic Club, Chicago, April 24, 1999     255
Memorandum from Foreign Policy Adviser David Manning to the Prime Minister, March 14, 2002     257
Memorandum from British Ambassador to the US, Sir Christopher Meyer, March 18, 2002      258
Minutes: Iraq - Prime Minister's Meeting, July 23, 2002     260
Prime Minister's Foreword to the September 2002 Downing Street Dossier     263
Prime Minister's Iraq Statement to Parliament, September 24, 2002     265
October 2002 National Intelligence Estimate: Key Judgments (excerpts): Iraq's Continuing Programs for Weapons of Mass Destruction     268
Excerpts from post-war US investigations     276
Open Letter to George Tenet from US intelligence professionals, April 28, 2007     287
Index     291

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