Intelligence and National Security Policymaking on Iraq: British and American Perspectives

Intelligence and National Security Policymaking on Iraq: British and American Perspectives

by James P. Pfiffner
     
 

ISBN-10: 1603440933

ISBN-13: 9781603440936

Pub. Date: 07/28/2008

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press


The highly controversial decision to go to war in Iraq in 2003 has had repercussions of historic dimensions throughout the world. Critics have questioned the way intelligence was gathered and presented and have challenged the decision-making processes that led both the United States and the United Kingdom to war.

Drawing on the unusually extensive official

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Overview


The highly controversial decision to go to war in Iraq in 2003 has had repercussions of historic dimensions throughout the world. Critics have questioned the way intelligence was gathered and presented and have challenged the decision-making processes that led both the United States and the United Kingdom to war.

Drawing on the unusually extensive official documentation from both sides of the Atlantic, as well as insider accounts of CIA deliberations, the contributors to this volume offer insightful analyses of the national security decision-making process, the foreign policy roles of the President and Prime Minister, the roles of Congress and Parliament, the management and limits of intelligence, the shaping of public opinion, and the ethics of humanitarian military intervention. The book also discusses the dilemmas faced by Australia and their implications for Australian intelligence.

Key speeches and documents related to going to war offer students of foreign and national security policy the opportunity to gain a nuanced understanding of both the process and the justification of going to war. Just as the Cuban Missile Crisis has been used for decades as a case study in good decision making, the decision to go to war in Iraq will be analyzed for years to come for lessons about what can go wrong in decisions about war.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781603440936
Publisher:
Texas A&M University Press
Publication date:
07/28/2008
Series:
Joseph V. Hughes Jr. and Holly O. Hughes Series on the Presidency and Leadership
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
310
Product dimensions:
6.20(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

List of figures

1 Introduction: policymaking and intelligence on Iraq James P. Pfiffner Pfiffner, James P. Mark Phythian Phythian, Mark 1

Pt. I Intellectual antecedents of the Iraq war 17

2 The neoconservative roots of the war in Iraq John Dumbrell Dumbrell, John 19

3 The origins of the British decision to go to war: Tony Blair, humanitarian intervention, and the "new doctrine of the international community" Jim Whitman Whitman, Jim 40

Pt. II The public case for war 57

4 Did President Bush mislead the country in his arguments for war with Iraq? James P. Pfiffner Pfiffner, James P. 59

5 The British road to war: decisionmaking, intelligence, and the case for war in Iraq Mark Phythian Phythian, Mark 85

6 Australian use of intelligence and the case for war in Iraq Rodney Tiffen Tiffen, Rodney 106

7 The Iraq war and the management of American public opinion John Mueller Mueller, John 126

Pt. III Intelligence failure 149

8 Intelligence collection and analysis on Iraq: issues for the US intelligence community Richard Kerr Kerr, Richard Thomas Wolfe Wolfe, Thomas Rebecca Donegan Donegan, Rebecca Arts Pappas Pappas, Arts 151

9 The politics and psychology of intelligence and intelligence reform Robert Jervis Jervis, Robert 162

10 Congress, the Iraq war, and the failures of intelligence oversight Loch K. Johnson Johnson, Loch K. 172

11 Flawed intelligence, limited oversight: official inquiries into prewar UK intelligence on Iraq Mark Phythian Phythian, Mark 191

Pt. IV Policy failure 211

12 Decisionmaking, intelligence, and the Iraq war James P. Pfiffner Pfiffner, James P. 213

13 Intelligence, policy, and the war in Iraq Paul R. Pillar Pillar, Paul R. 233

Pt. VExcerpts from key speeches and documents 245

App. A Excerpts from key US speeches before the war in Iraq 247

Excerpts from President George W. Bush, State of the Union Address, January 29, 2002 247

Vice President Cheney's Remarks at the Veterans of Foreign Wars Convention, August 26, 2002 248

President Bush Outlines Iraq Threat, Remarks in Cincinnati, Ohio, October 7, 2002 251

President Bush, State of the Union Address, January 28, 2003 253

App. B Excerpts from key UK speeches and documents before the war in Iraq 255

Tony Blair, 'Doctrine of the International Community' Speech, Economic Club, Chicago, April 24, 1999 255

Memorandum from Foreign Policy Adviser David Manning to the Prime Minister, March 14, 2002 257

Memorandum from British Ambassador to the US, Sir Christopher Meyer, March 18, 2002 258

Minutes: Iraq - Prime Minister's Meeting, July 23, 2002 260

Prime Minister's Foreword to the September 2002 Downing Street Dossier 263

Prime Minister's Iraq Statement to Parliament, September 24, 2002 265

App. C October 2002 National Intelligence Estimate: Key Judgments (excerpts): Iraq's Continuing Programs for Weapons of Mass Destruction 268

App. D Excerpts from post-war US investigations 276

App. E Open Letter to George Tenet from US intelligence professionals, April 28,2007 287

Index 291

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