Intelligence: From Secrets to Policy / Edition 5

Intelligence: From Secrets to Policy / Edition 5

by Mark M Lowenthal
     
 

ISBN-10: 1608716759

ISBN-13: 9781608716753

Pub. Date: 10/18/2011

Publisher: Congressional Quarterly, Inc

Lowenthal (a professor at Columbia U. and a former U.S. intelligence official) presents an academic introduction to the history and current role of intelligence agencies in the foreign policy of the United States. He surveys the growth of the intelligence agencies, examines their place in the general structure of government, reviews policy debates about the scope and…  See more details below

Overview

Lowenthal (a professor at Columbia U. and a former U.S. intelligence official) presents an academic introduction to the history and current role of intelligence agencies in the foreign policy of the United States. He surveys the growth of the intelligence agencies, examines their place in the general structure of government, reviews policy debates about the scope and nature of intelligence activities, and discusses intelligence reforms. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781608716753
Publisher:
Congressional Quarterly, Inc
Publication date:
10/18/2011
Pages:
440
Sales rank:
277,910
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Tables, Figures, and Boxes x

Preface xii

Acronyms xvi

Chapter 1 What is "Intelligence"? 1

Why Have Intelligence Agencies? 2

What is Intelligence About? 4

Key Terms 9

Further Readings 9

Chapter 2 The Development of U.S. Intelligence 11

Major Themes 11

Major Historical Developments 18

Key Terms 28

Further Readings 28

Chapter 3 The U.S. Intelligence Community 31

Alternative Ways of Looking at the Intelligence Community 35

The Many Different Intelligence Communities 37

Intelligence Community Relationships That Matter 41

The Intelligence Budget Process 52

Key Terms 56

Further Readings 56

Chapter 4 The Intelligence Process-A Macro Look: Who Does What For Whom? 57

Requirements 58

Collection 62

Processing and Exploitation 63

Analysis and Production 64

Dissemination and Consumption 65

Feedback 67

Thinking about the Intelligence Process 67

Key Terms 70

Further Readings 70

Chapter 5 Collection and the Collection Disciplines 71

Overarching Themes 71

Strengths and Weaknesses 88

Conclusion 113

Key Terms 115

Further Readings 116

Chapter 6 Analysis 119

Major Themes 120

Analytical Issues 136

Intelligence Analysis: An Assessment 157

Key Terms 160

Further Readings 160

Chapter 7 Counterintelligence 163

Internal Safeguards 164

External Indicators and Counterespionage 169

Problems in Counterintelligence 170

Leaks 174

National Security Letters 176

Conclusion 177

Key Terms 178

Further Readings 178

Chapter 8 Covert Action 181

The Decision-Making Process 182

The Range of Covert Actions 186

Issues in Covert Action 189

Assessing Covert Action 196

Key Terms 197

Further Readings 197

Chapter 9 The Role of the Policy Maker 199

The U.S. National Security Policy Process 199

Who Wants What? 202

The Intelligence Process: Policy and Intelligence 206

Further Readings 216

Chapter 10 Oversight and Accountability 217

Executive Oversight Issues 217

Congressional Oversight 223

Issues in Congressional Oversight 231

Internal Dynamics of Congressional Oversight 239

Conclusion 247

Key Terms 247

Further Readings 247

Chapter 11 The Intelligence Agenda: Nation-States 251

The Primacy of the Soviet Issue 252

The Emphasis on Soviet Military Capabilities 254

The Emphasis on Statistical Intelligence 258

The "Comfort" of a Bilateral Relationship 259

Collapse of the Soviet Union 259

Intelligence and the Soviet Problem 261

The Current Nation-State Issue 262

Key Terms 269

Further Readings 270

Chapter 12 The Intelligence Agenda: Transnational Issues 271

U.S. National Security Policy and Intelligence after the Cold War 271

Intelligence and the New Priorities 273

Cyberspace 274

Terrorism 278

Proliferation 287

Narcotics 293

Economics 295

Demographics 297

Health and the Environment 298

Peacekeeping Operations 300

Support to the Military 301

Conclusion 302

Key Terms 303

Further Readings 303

Chapter 13 Ethical and Moral Issues in Intelligence 307

General Moral Questions 307

Issues Related to Collection and Covert Action 313

Analysis-Related Issues 319

Oversight-Related Issues 322

The Media 324

Conclusion 325

Further Readings 325

Chapter 14 Intelligence Reform 327

The Purpose of Reform 327

Issues in Intelligence Reform 329

Conclusion 343

Further Readings 344

Chapter 15 Foreign Intelligence Services 345

Britain 345

China 351

France 353

Israel 356

Russia 360

Other Services 364

Other Services in Brief 372

Conclusion 374

Further Readings 374

Appendix 1 Additional Bibliographic Citations and Websites 379

Appendix 2 Major Intelligence Reviews or Proposals 383

Author Index 387

Subject Index 390

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