Intelligent Language Tutors: Theory Shaping Technology

Intelligent Language Tutors: Theory Shaping Technology

by V. Melissa Holland
     
 

The techniques of natural language processing (NLP) have been widely applied in machine translation and automated message understanding, but have only recently been utilized in second language teaching. This book offers both an argument for and a critical examination of this new application, with an examination of how systems may be designed to exploit the power of

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Overview

The techniques of natural language processing (NLP) have been widely applied in machine translation and automated message understanding, but have only recently been utilized in second language teaching. This book offers both an argument for and a critical examination of this new application, with an examination of how systems may be designed to exploit the power of NLP, accomodate its limitations, and minimize its risks. This volume marks the first collection of work in the U.S. and Canada that incorporates advanced human language technologies into language tutoring systems, covering languages as diverse as Arabic, Spanish, Japanese, and English.

The book is organized into sections that express the levels of analysis dealt with in learning and teaching a language and with the tasks of the student as writer, reader, conversant, and actor in the world. These sections bring together research by specialists in linguistics, artificial intelligence, psychology, instructional design, and language teaching. In addition to providing detailed descriptions of working systems, amply illustrated with screens from lesson and authoring interfaces, the contributors address a spectrum of common issues:

• What can current NLP technology contribute to computer-assisted language instruction and to research on language learning?

• How can this technology meet the demands of pedagogical theory for communicative language teaching in authentic contexts?

• How can designers constrain tutoring environments to ensure accurate analysis of learners' language?

• What can NLP-based systems teach us about language acquisition, about linguistic theory, and about theories of language pedagogy?

• What lessons have been learned in using these systems to date?

Discipline-specific issues are illuminated as well: the relative merits of the major syntactic frameworks for NLP-based language tutoring; the adaptation of theories like lexical conceptual structure to support semantic interpretation; the integration of input language with visual microworlds and dialogue games; the pragmatics of the tutoring discourse; the selection of instructional principles to guide system design; and the accomodation of design to individual differences and learner styles. A concluding section assesses this work from larger theoretical and practical perspectives — experimental psychology and psycholinguistics, linguistics, language teaching, and second language acquisition research.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780805815030
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
09/01/1995
Pages:
404
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.83(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction: The Case for Intelligent CALL
Contributors
1Advanced Technologies for Language Learning: The BRIDGE Project Within the ARI Language Tutor Program7
2A Principle-Based Parser for Foreign Language Tutoring in German and Arabic23
3Instructor as Author in an Adaptive, Multimedia, Foreign Language Tutor45
4CALLE: An Exploratory Environment for Foreign Language Learning55
5ALICE-chan: A Case Study in ICALL Theory and Practice77
6A Discourse Processing Approach to Computer-Assisted Language Learning99
7GPARS: A Suite of Grammar Assessment Systems121
8History of an AI Spy Game: Spion141
9Herr Kommissar: An ICALL Conversation Simulator for Intermediate German153
10Tutorial Tools for Language Learning by Two-Medium Dialogue183
11Ling Worlds: An Intelligent Object-Oriented Environment for Second-Language Tutoring201
12Modeling Individual Tutorial Interactions: Theoretical and Empirical Bases of ICALL221
13Lessons Learned from the Athena Language Learning Project: Using Natural Language Processing, Graphics, Speech Processing, and Interactive Video for Communication-Based Language Learning243
14The Athena Language Learning Project NLP System: A Multilingual System for Conversation-Based Language Learning257
15Application of Learning Principles to the Design of a Second Language Tutor273
16On Beyond Syntax: Use of Lexical Conceptual Structure for Intelligent Tutoring289
17Evaluating Foreign Language Tutoring Systems317
18AI and Language Learning: Theory and Evaluations327
19ICALL and Second Language Acquisition345
20Linking Theories of Learning with Intelligent Computer-Assisted Language Learning (ICALL)359
Author Index371
Subject Index379

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