Internal Colonialism / Edition 2

Internal Colonialism / Edition 2

by Michael Hechter
     
 

ISBN-10: 0765804751

ISBN-13: 9780765804754

Pub. Date: 11/01/1999

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

Recent years have seen a resurgence of separatist sentiments among national minorities in many industrial societies, including the United Kingdom. In 1997, the Scottish and Welsh both set up their own parliamentary bodies, while the tragic events in Northern Ireland continued to be a reminder of the Irish problem. These phenomena call into question widely accepted

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Overview

Recent years have seen a resurgence of separatist sentiments among national minorities in many industrial societies, including the United Kingdom. In 1997, the Scottish and Welsh both set up their own parliamentary bodies, while the tragic events in Northern Ireland continued to be a reminder of the Irish problem. These phenomena call into question widely accepted social theories which assume that ethnic attachments in a society will wane as industrialization proceeds.

This book presents the social basis of ethnic identity, and examines changes in the strength of ethnic solidarity in the United Kingdom in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. In addition to its value as a case study, the work also has important comparative implications, for it suggests that internal colonialism of the kind experienced in the British Isles has its analogues in the histories of other industrial societies.

Hechter examines the unexpected persistence of ethnicity in the politics of industrial societies by focusing on the British Isles. Why do many of the inhabitants of Wales, Scotland, and Ireland continue to maintain an ethnic identity opposed to England? Hechter explains the salience of ethnic identity by analyzing the relationships between England, the national core, and its periphery, the Celtic fringe, in the light of two alternative models of core-periphery relations in the industrial setting. These are a diffusion model, which predicts that intergroup contact leads to ethnic homogenization, and an internal colonial model, in which such contact heightens distinctive ethnic identification.

His findings lend support to the internal colonial model, and show that, although industrialization did contribute to a decline in interregional linguistic differences, it resulted neither in the cultural assimilation of Celtic lands, nor in the development of regional economic equality. The study concludes that ethnic solidarity will inevitably emerge among groups which are relegated to inferior positions in a cultural division of labor. This is an important contribution to the understanding of socioeconomic development and ethnicity.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780765804754
Publisher:
Transaction Publishers
Publication date:
11/01/1999
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
422
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.94(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction to the Transaction Edition
Preface
Pt. IThe Problem
1Introduction3
2Towards a Theory of Ethnic Change15
Pt. IICore and Periphery in the Pre-Industrial Era
3The Expansion of the English State47
4The Consequences of Political Incorporation79
Pt. IIIThe Consequences of Industrialization
5Industrialization and Regional Economic Inequality, 1851-1961127
6The Anglicization of the Celtic Periphery, 1851-1961164
7The Persistence of Sectionalism, 1885-1966208
8Servitor Imperialism and National Development in an Age of Empire234
9Twentieth-Century Celtic Nationalism264
10The Political Economy of Ethnic Change311
11Conclusion341
Appendix353
Index383

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