Internal Combustion Engines: Applied Thermosciences / Edition 2

Internal Combustion Engines: Applied Thermosciences / Edition 2

by Colin R. Ferguson, Allan T. Kirkpatrick
     
 

View All Available Formats & Editions

ISBN-10: 0471356174

ISBN-13: 9780471356172

Pub. Date: 11/30/2000

Publisher: Wiley

THE PRINCIPLES OF THERMODYNAMICS, FLUID MECHANICS, AND HEAT TRANSFER APPLIED TO INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES.

This completely revised text applies the principles of thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and heat transfer to internal combustion engines. Every chapter has been reorganized and updated to clearly present current modeling and analysis techniques. The

Overview

THE PRINCIPLES OF THERMODYNAMICS, FLUID MECHANICS, AND HEAT TRANSFER APPLIED TO INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES.

This completely revised text applies the principles of thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and heat transfer to internal combustion engines. Every chapter has been reorganized and updated to clearly present current modeling and analysis techniques. The Second Edition includes new material on yhermodynamic modeling, intake and exhaust flow, friction, combustion, alternative fuels, emissions, and instrumentation. The book contains many wordked examples that illustrate important aspects of internal combustion engines.

WHAT'S NEW IN THIS EDITION

  •  Up-to-date discussion of new engine technologies exposes readers to current engineering practice.
  • Java based applets for computation of engine thermodynamics, friction, and heat transfer are available on the book's web site.
  • Numerous worked examples and homework problems for student assignment.
  • Up-to-date literature references in each chapter provide a resource for further study.
  • New photos and figures show modern engine components and engine performance.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780471356172
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
11/30/2000
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
384
Product dimensions:
7.00(w) x 10.00(h) x 0.79(d)

Table of Contents

Prefacev
1.Introduction to Internal Combustion Engines1
1.1Introduction1
1.2Engine Cycles2
1.3Operational Parameters6
1.4Engine Configurations12
1.5Engine Examples19
1.6Alternative Power Plants24
1.7Sources of Additional Information26
1.8References27
1.9Homework27
2.Gas Cycles29
2.1Introduction29
2.2Constant Volume Heat Addition29
2.3Constant Pressure Heat Addition32
2.4Dual Cycle35
2.5Miller Cycle37
2.6Finite Heat Release39
2.7Ideal Four-Stroke Process and Residual Fraction45
2.8Discussion of Gas Cycle Models53
2.9References54
2.10Homework55
3.Fuel, Air, and Combustion Thermodynamics57
3.1Introduction57
3.2Ideal Gas Equations of State57
3.3Liquids and Liquid-Vapor-Gas Mixtures61
3.4Stoichiometry and Low Temperature Combustion Modeling63
3.5General Chemical Equilibrium67
3.6Chemical Equilibrium Using Equilibrium Constants72
3.7Combustion and the First Law75
3.8Isentropic Processes78
3.9References79
3.10Homework80
4.Fuel-Air Cycles82
4.1Introduction82
4.2Comparison of First and Second Law Efficiency82
4.3Otto Cycle85
4.4Four-Stroke Otto Cycle90
4.5Fuel-Injected Limited-Pressure Cycle93
4.6Comparison of Fuel-Air Cycle with Actual Spark Ignition Cycles96
4.7Comparison of Fuel-Air Cycle with Actual Compression Ignition Cycles101
4.8References103
4.9Homework103
5.Engine Testing and Control105
5.1Introduction105
5.2Dynamometers105
5.3Fuel and Air Flow Measurement108
5.4Exhaust Gas Analysis110
5.5Residual Fraction118
5.6Pressure-Volume Measurement and Combustion Analysis119
5.7Vehicle Emissions Testing123
5.8Engine Sensors and Actuators in Vehicles125
5.9Engine Control Systems128
5.10Effect of Ambient Pressure and Temperature131
5.11References132
5.12Homework133
6.Friction134
6.1Introduction134
6.2Friction Mean Effective Pressure134
6.3Measurements of the Friction Mean Effective Pressure135
6.4Friction Coefficient138
6.5Journal Bearings139
6.6Piston and Ring Friction143
6.7Valve Train Friction152
6.8Pumping Mean Effective Pressure156
6.9Accessory Friction157
6.10Overall Engine Friction Mean Effective Pressure158
6.11References161
6.12Homework161
7.Air, Fuel, and Exhaust Flow163
7.1Introduction163
7.2Valve Flow163
7.3Intake and Exhaust Flow176
7.4Fluid Flow in the Cylinder183
7.5Turbulent Flow189
7.6Air Flow in Two-Stroke Engines194
7.7Superchargers and Turbochargers201
7.8Fuel Injectors206
7.9Carburetion212
7.10References214
7.11Homework216
8.Heat and Mass Transfer221
8.1Introduction221
8.2Engine Cooling Systems221
8.3Engine Energy Balance223
8.4Cylinder Heat Transfer Measurements227
8.5Heat Transfer Modeling230
8.6Heat Transfer Correlations237
8.7Radiation Heat Transfer244
8.8Mass Loss or Blowby246
8.9References250
8.10Homework251
9.Combustion and Emissions253
9.1Introduction253
9.2Combustion in Spark Ignition Engines253
9.3Abnormal Combustion (Knock) in Spark Ignition Engines259
9.4Combustion in Compression Ignition Engines264
9.5Thermodynamic Analysis271
9.6Nitrogen Oxides279
9.7Carbon Monoxide285
9.8Hydrocarbons287
9.9Particulates292
9.10Emission Control296
9.11References301
9.12Homework303
10.Fuels and Lubricants307
10.1Introduction307
10.2Hydrocarbon Chemistry307
10.3Refining314
10.4Gasoline Fuels316
10.5Diesel Fuels319
10.6Alternative Fuels321
10.7Engine Oils329
10.8References332
10.9Homework333
11.Overall Engine Performance334
11.1Introduction334
11.2Engine Size334
11.3Ignition and Injection Timing336
11.4Engine and Piston Speed339
11.5Compression Ratio340
11.6Part-Load Performance341
11.7Engine Performance Maps343
11.8Vehicle Performance Simulation349
11.9References350
11.10Homework350
Appendices353
APhysical Properties of Air353
BThermodynamic Property Tables for Various Ideal Gases355
CCurve Fit Coefficients for Thermodynamic Properties of Various Ideal Gases and Fuels362
DConversion Factors and Physical Constants365
Index367

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >