International Development

Overview

This text provides a critical interdisciplinary introduction to the theory, practice and study of development. The thoroughly revised and updated new edition takes account of the impact of the global financial crisis, the economic rise of China and India and the further ramifications of global warming.

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Overview

This text provides a critical interdisciplinary introduction to the theory, practice and study of development. The thoroughly revised and updated new edition takes account of the impact of the global financial crisis, the economic rise of China and India and the further ramifications of global warming.

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780230303232
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
  • Publication date: 8/7/2012
  • Edition description: Second Edition,Revised Edition,2nd edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 456
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Figures and Tables ix

List of Abbreviations x

Acknowledgements xii

Introduction Damien Kingsbury 1

1 What is Development? Mark McGillivray 23

Traditional meanings of development 24

Contemporary meanings of development 31

Applying development definitions 43

Conclusion 51

2 Reassessing Development Theory John McKay 53

The global context for development ideas and policies 55

Theories of modernization 58

The challenge of dependency theory 62

The Asian miracle: challenges for modernization and dependency approaches 66

The neo-liberal ascendancy 69

Globalization, the global financial crisis and development theory 70

3 Aid and Development Janet Hunt 79

The purpose of aid 79

Historical background 79

How much aid, to whom? 82

What has shaped levels and distribution of aid? 86

What has aid been like? 89

How effective has aid been? 95

Criticisms of aid 98

Aid in an era of globalization 100

Conflict and state-building 103

The Millennium Development Goals and poverty reduction 106

The future of aid for development 109

4 Globalization and Development Damien Kingsbury 112

The meaning of globalization 114

Key globalization organizations 120

New or old? 124

Hyperglobalists 126

Sceptics 127

Transformationalists 131

'Realism' 133

Conclusion 135

5 The Economics of Development John McKay 138

The main drivers of growth: competing schools of thought 141

Policies to stimulate growth 152

Conclusion: growth in a globalizing world 159

6 Continuing Crises: The Developing World and the Global Financial Crisis John McKay 153

Global and regional crises in historical context: learning the lessons 164

How has the risk of crisis increased in recent years? 166

Seeking to understand the causes of crises: the return of Marx, Keynes and Minsky 170

Other explanations for the GFC, and ideas to prevent a recurrence 175

Asia and the global financial crisis 178

Africa and the global financial crisis 183

Latin America and the global financial crisis 187

The GFC and the future of globalization and North-South relations 189

17 Politics, Governance and Development Damien Kingsbury 191

The origins of developing countries 192

Political identity 194

The state 197

Militaries in politics 198

Democracy, democratization and regime change 200

The state, society and democratization 209

State institutions 212

Governance 214

Legitimacy 216

Conclusion 217

8 Poverty Alleviation and Development Matthew Clarke 219

Introduction 219

What is poverty? 220

Measuring poverty 226

The recent experience of poverty 232

Development interventions to end poverty 239

Conclusion 243

9 Community Development Damien Kingsbury 245

Bottom-up versus top-down 246

External involvement 247

Background to community development 249

Education as development 252

Social distinction 255

Social organization 258

Co-operatives 260

Expecting the unexpected 263

Community development at work: the East Timor experience 265

Local versus global 269

10 Gender and Development Janet Hunt 272

Sex and gender: what are we talking about? 273

Integrating women into development 275

Women and development: a new critique 276

Gender and development 277

Gender and adjustment 279

Gender and the environment 281

Postmodernism and difference 284

Community development approaches 286

Gender and globalization: the way ahead 290

Gender and governance 292

Gender and the Millennium Development Goals 295

Gender mainstreaming 298

11 Environment and Development Damien Kingsbury 302

Global warming 304

Population reduction 306

Deforestation 312

Desertification 314

Water 316

Political economy of the environment 321

Alternatives 323

Renewable energy 327

Triple bottom line 332

12 Security and Development John McKay 335

Revisiting the concept of security: linking security and development 339

The nature and costs of terrorism 346

Facing the basic causes of terrorism and other human security issues 350

Conclusions: human security as a focus for development studies 359

References 361

Index 409

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