International Relations - 2008-2009 Update Brief Edition


“A terrific introduction to world politics; the most engaging and well-organized introductory text that I’ve seen.”

-Richard Herrmann, Ohio State University

International Relations, Brief 2008-2009 Update Fourth Edition

Thoroughly updated to cover world affairs to 2008, International Relations, Brief Edition offers the most current and comprehensive coverage of international relations theory, international security, international political ...

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“A terrific introduction to world politics; the most engaging and well-organized introductory text that I’ve seen.”

-Richard Herrmann, Ohio State University

International Relations, Brief 2008-2009 Update Fourth Edition

Thoroughly updated to cover world affairs to 2008, International Relations, Brief Edition offers the most current and comprehensive coverage of international relations theory, international security, international political economy, and global issues.

With the broadest discussion of theoretical perspectives, the most up-to-date coverage of international events, and the strongest emphasis on critical thinking, International Relations, Brief Edition includes all the tools students need to engage the discipline’s concepts and to understand what is happening in the world today.

New to the 2008-2009 Update Edition

  • An all new insert by Oxfam America, “Empowering the Global South: A Rights-Based Approach to Development” was written specifically for this text by one of the leading NGOs in international development. It covers such topic areas as poverty, women’s rights, fair trade, and disaster assistance.

Other updates include…


  • Violence levels in Iraq and the troop surge
  • Kosovo’s declaration of independence
  • Ethnic violence in Darfur, Kenya, and Pakistan
  • Attempts at government overthrow in Chad
  • Nuclear weapons programs in North Korea and Iran


  • European Union governance and the euro
  • The U.S. financial crisis, trade deficit, and decline of the dollar
  • Effects of record high oil prices on producing and consuming nations
  • The Chinese trade surplus and export product contamination
  • The Doha Round WTO trade talks

Global Issues

  • Climate change negotiations to follow on the Kyoto Protocol
  • HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment and drug patent disputes
  • Progress toward the UN Millennium Development Goals for poverty reduction
  • The changing face of international terrorism
  • New impacts of information and communication technologies

Readings in International Relations pairs writings on international relations theory with writings on current events to help students explore the relationship between concept and application. Package the reader with this text and receive a discount on the package price.

The new MyPoliSciKit for International Relations is a premium online learning resource that features multimedia activities to help students connect concepts to current events, including book-specific assessment, video case studies, role-playing simulations, mapping exercises, Financial Times newsfeeds, and politics blog. Log on to to see a demo, purchase a subscription, or use your access code to get started.

Find a collection of valuable resources on the text's open-access companion website:

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205585946
  • Publisher: Longman
  • Publication date: 7/7/2008
  • Series: MyPoliSciKit Series
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 4
  • Pages: 448
  • Product dimensions: 7.30 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Joshua S. Goldstein is Professor Emeritus of International Relations at American University, Nonresident Sadat Senior Fellow at the University of Maryland's CIDCM, and Research Scholar in the Department of Political Science at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst.

Jon C. Pevehouse is Associate Professor at the Irving B. Harris Graduate School of Public Policy Studies, University of Chicago.

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Table of Contents     x
Preface     xi
To the Student     xvii
A Note on Nomenclature     xvii
Careers in International Relations     xviii
World States and Territories map     xxii
The Globalization of International Relations     1
The Study of IR     1
IR and Daily Life     2
Core Principles     3
IR as a Field of Study     8
Actors and Influences     9
State Actors     10
Nonstate Actors     13
Levels of Analysis     15
Globalization     17
Global Geography     19
The Evolving International System     24
The Cold War, 1945-1990     24
The Post-Cold War Era, 1900-2008     28
Policy Perspectives: Overview     14
Empowering the Global South: A Rights-Based Approach to Development (Special Section)
Power Politics     35
Realism     35
Power     37
Defining Power     38
Estimating Power     39
Elements of Power     40
The International System     41
Anarchy and Sovereignty     41
Balance ofPower     43
Great Powers and Middle Powers     44
Power Distribution     46
Hegemony     48
Alliances     50
Purposes of Alliances     50
NATO     51
Other Alliances     53
Regional Alignments     54
Strategy     57
Statecraft     57
Rationality     60
The Prisoner's Dilemma     61
Policy Perspectives: Prime Minister of India, Manmohan Singh     55
Alternatives to Power Politics     66
Liberal Theories     66
The Waning of War     66
Kant and Peace     68
Liberal Institutionalism     69
International Regimes     70
Collective Security     72
The Democratic Peace     73
Foreign Policy and Decision Making     75
Models of Decision Making     75
Individual Decision Makers     77
Group Psychology     81
Crisis Management     82
Bureaucracies     83
Interest Groups     84
The Military-Industrial Complex     85
Public Opinion     87
Legislatures      89
Social Theories     91
Constructivism     91
Postmodernism     92
Marxism     93
Peace Studies     96
Gender Theories     99
Why Gender Matters     99
The Masculinity of Realism     101
Gender in War and Peace     101
Women in IR     103
Difference Feminism versus Liberal Feminism?     106
Postmodern Feminism     107
Policy Perspectives: President of Ukraine, Victor Yuschenko     90
Conflict, War, and Terrorism     112
The Wars of the World     112
Types of War     113
Causes of War     116
Conflicts of Ideas     118
Nationalism     119
Ethnic Conflict     120
Religious Conflict     125
Ideological Conflict     133
Conflicts of Interest     134
Territorial Disputes     135
Control of Governments     140
Economic Conflict     141
Conventional Military Forces     142
Armies     143
Navies     145
Air Forces     146
Logistics and Intelligence      147
Evolving Technologies     148
Terrorism     150
Weapons of Mass Destruction     152
Nuclear Weapons     152
Ballistic Missiles and Other Delivery Systems     153
Chemical and Biological Weapons     156
Proliferation     158
Nuclear Strategy and Arms Control     160
States and Militaries     162
Military Economics     162
Control of Military Forces     163
Policy Perspectives: President of Liberia, Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf     124
Trade and Money     168
Theories of Trade     168
Liberalism and Mercantilism     169
Comparative Advantage     172
Political Interference in Markets     174
Protectionism     176
Trade Regimes     178
The World Trade Organization     178
Bilateral and Regional Agreements     181
Cartels     183
Industries and Interest Groups     184
Enforcement of Trade Rules     187
Economic Globalization     188
The World Economy, 1750-2000     188
Resistance to Trade     192
Interdependence      193
The Currency System     195
International Currency Exchange     196
Why Currencies Rise or Fall     199
Central Banks     201
The World Bank and the IMF     202
State Financial Positions     204
National Accounts     204
International Debt     204
Multinational Business     205
Multinational Corporations     206
Foreign Direct Investment     207
Host and Home Government Relations     208
Policy Perspectives: President of China, Hu Jintao     200
International Organization, Law, and Human Rights     216
Supranationalism     216
Roles of International Organizations     218
The United Nations     220
The UN System     220
The Security Council     225
Peacekeeping Forces     229
The Secretariat     232
The General Assembly     233
UN Programs     233
Autonomous Agencies     235
The European Union     236
Integration Theory     236
The Vision of a United Europe     238
The Treaty of Rome     239
Structure of the European Union     240
The Single European Act     242
The Maastricht Treaty     243
Monetary Union     244
Expanding the European Union     245
International Law     249
Sources of International Law     249
Enforcement of International Law     250
The World Court     251
International Cases in National Courts     254
Laws of Diplomacy     255
Just-War Doctrine     257
Human Rights     258
Individual Rights versus Sovereignty     258
Human-Rights Institutions     260
War Crimes     262
Policy Perspectives: President of Senegal, Abdoulaye Wade     253
North-South Relations     268
The State of the South     268
Basic Human Needs     271
World Hunger     275
Rural and Urban Populations     276
Women in Developing Countries     277
Migration and Refugees     278
Theories of Accumulation     280
Economic Accumulation     280
Capitalism     281
Socialism     282
The World-System     283
Imperialism      285
Effects of Colonialism     285
Postcolonial Dependency     288
Revolutionary Movements     290
Development Experiences     291
The Newly Industrializing Countries     292
The Chinese Experience     294
India Takes Off     297
Other Experiments     299
Import Substitution and Export-Led Growth     303
Concentrating Capital for Manufacturing     303
Authoritarianism and Democracy     305
Corruption     305
North-South Capital Flows     306
Foreign Investment     306
North-South Debt     308
IMF Conditionality     310
The South in International Economic Regimes     312
Foreign Assistance     313
Patterns of Foreign Assistance     314
Forms of Development Assistance     316
Policy Perspectives: President of Egypt, Hosni Mubarak     311
Environment and Technology     325
Interdependence and the Environment     325
Sustainable Development     328
Managing the Environment     328
The Atmosphere     329
Biodiversity     333
Forests and Oceans     334
Pollution     339
Natural Resources     340
World Energy     341
Minerals     344
Water Disputes     344
International Security and the Environment     345
Population     346
The Demographic Transition     347
Population Policies     348
Disease     350
The Power of Information     354
Networking the World     354
Information as a Tool of Governments     357
Information as a Tool against Governments     358
Telecommunications and Global Culture     359
Conclusion     361
Policy Perspectives: President of Ireland, Mary McAleese     335
Glossary     367
Credits     382
Index     383
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