International Relations 2010-2011 / Edition 5

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Overview

Thoroughly updated to cover world affairs through 2009, the brief version of International Relations presents the same approach and coverage as the best-selling comprehensive survey but in a streamlined and flexible format. From war and trade to human rights and the environment, this survey explores relations among nations and the influences of transnational actors. Applying three core principles-dominance, reciprocity, and identity-International Relations helps students analyze current events and think critically about them.

"Global Challenges in 2030," a new essay section exclusive to International Relations, focuses on major issues that students will face over the coming 20 years. The eight original essays by leading international relations scholars include:

Joseph S. Nye, Jr., on "Diversifying American Power"

Beth A. Simmons on "Institutionalizing Human Rights"

Shibley Telhami on "Understanding Attitudes on Middle East Peace"

John Gerard Ruggie on "Governing Transnational Corporations"

Charli Carpenter on "Securing the Seas"

Andrew Moravcsik on "Affirming Democracy in International Organizations"

Daniel W. Drezner on "Regulating Global Complexity"

Michael W. Doyle on "Democratizing World Politics"

The most up-to-date analysis of world affairs available in any introductory text helps students become more informed about political, economic, and cultural events throughout the world and then go beyond the headlines to see the broader patterns in international relations. In addition to many new photos from the world's hotspots and figures and tables with the latest data, the 2010-2011 update includes the war in Afghanistan, ongoing violence in Pakistan, Iran's nuclear program and internal dissent, new agreements on global warming, the coup in Honduras, efforts to stabilize the global economy, the replacement of the G8 by the G20, and the 2010 Haitian earthquake.

Readings in International Relations pairs writings on international relations theory with writings on current events to help students explore the relationship between concept and application.

MyPoliSciKit for International Relations is a premium online learning companion that features multimedia and interactive activities to help students connect concepts and current events. MyPoliSciKit is available at no additional charge when packaged with this book. To learn more, please visit www.mypoliscikit.com.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205791309
  • Publisher: Longman
  • Publication date: 3/3/2010
  • Series: MyPoliSciKit Series
  • Edition description: Brief
  • Edition number: 5
  • Pages: 432
  • Product dimensions: 7.30 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Joshua S. Goldstein is Professor Emeritus of International Relations at American University, Nonresident Sadat Senior Fellow at the University of Maryland's CIDCM, and Research Scholar in the Department of Political Science at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. He is the recipient of the International Studies Association's 2001-2010 Best Book of the Decade Award for War and Gender (Cambridge University Press, 2001).

Jon C. Pevehouse is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. He is the recipient of the International Studies Association's 2009 Karl Deutsch Award.

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Table of Contents

Preface x

To the Student xvii

A Note on Nomenclature xvii

Careers in International Relations xviii

Chapter 1 The Globalization of International Relations 1

Globalization, International Relations, and Daily Life 1

Core Principles 3

IR as a Field of Study 9

Actors and Influences 10

State Actors 10

Nonstate Actors 13

Levels of Analysis 15

Globalization 17

Global Geography 19

The Evolving International System 24

The Cold War, 1945-1990 24

The Post-Cold War Era, 1990-2009 27

Policy Perspectives: Overview 15

Special Section: Global Challenges in 2030

Chapter 2 Realist Theories 35

Realism 35

Power 37

Defining Power 37

Estimating Power 39

Elements of Power 39

The International System 40

Anarchy and Sovereignty 41

Balance of Power 43

Great Powers and Middle Powers 44

Power Distribution 46

Hegemony 47

Alliances 49

Purposes of Alliances 49

NATO 51

Other Alliances 53

Strategy 55

Statecraft 55

Rationality 57

The Prisoner's Dilemma 58

Policy Perspectives: Prime Minister of India Manmohan Singh 54

Chapter 3 Liberal and Social Theories 63

Liberal Traditions 63

The Waning of War 63

Kant and Peace 65

Liberal Institutionalism 66

International Regimes 67

Collective Security 69

The Democratic Peace 70

Domestic Influences 72

Bureaucracies 72

Interest Groups 73

Public Opinion 74

Legislatures 76

Making Foreign Policy 78

Models of Decision Making 79

Individual Decision Makers 81

Group Psychology 84

Crisis Management 85

Social Theories 87

Constructivism 87

Postmodernism 90

Marxism 91

Peace Studies 93

Gender Theories 96

Why Gender Matters 96

The Masculinity of Realism 98

Gender in War and Peace 99

Women in IR 100

Difference Feminism versus Liberal Feminism? 103

Postmodern Feminism 104

Policy Perspectives: Prime Minister of Japan Yukio Hatoyama 77

Chapter 4 Conflict, War, and Terrorism 109

The Wars of the World 109

Types of War 110

Causes of War 113

Conflicts of Ideas 116

Nationalism 116

Ethnic Conflict 117

Religious Conflict 122

Ideological Conflict 130

Conflicts of Interest 131

Territorial Disputes 131

Control of Governments 137

Economic Conflict 138

Conventional Military Forces 139

Armies 140

Navies 142

Air Forces 144

Logistics and Intelligence 145

Evolving Technologies 146

Terrorism 147

Weapons of Mass Destruction 149

Nuclear Weapons 150

Ballistic Missiles and Other Delivery Systems 151

Chemical and Biological Weapons 153

Proliferation 154

Nuclear Strategy and Arms Control 156

States and Militaries 158

Military Economics 158

Control of Military Forces 159

Policy Perspectives: President of Liberia Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf 121

Chapter 5 Trade and Finance 164

Theories of Trade 164

Liberalism and Mercantilism 165

Comparative Advantage 168

Political Interference in Markets 170

Protectionism 172

Trade Regimes 174

The World Trade Organization 174

Bilateral and Regional Agreements 176

Cartels 178

Industries and Interest Groups 180

Enforcement of Trade Rules 182

Economic Globalization 183

The World Economy, 1750-Present 183

Resistance to Trade 187

Globalization, Financial Markets, and the Currency System 188

The Currency System 189

International Currency Exchange 190

Why Currencies Rise or Fall 193

Central Banks 196

The World Bank and the IMF 196

State Financial Positions 198

National Accounts 198

International Debt 198

Multinational Business 200

Multinational Corporations 200

Foreign Direct Investment 201

Host and Home Government Relations 202

Policy Perspectives: President of China Hu Jintao 195

Chapter 6 International Organization, Law, and Human Rights 209

Globalization and Integration 209

Roles of International Organizations 211

The United Nations 213

The UN System 213

The Security Council 218

Peacekeeping Forces 221

The Secretariat 224

The General Assembly 225

UN Programs 226

Autonomous Agencies 227

The European Union 228

Integration Theory 228

The Vision of a United Europe 231

The Treaty of Rome 231

Structure of the European Union 233

The Single European Act 235

The Maastricht Treaty 235

Monetary Union 236

Expanding the European Union 237

International Law 241

Sources of International Law 241

Enforcement of International Law 242

The World Court 243

International Cases in National Courts 244

Laws of Diplomacy 246

Just-War Doctrine 248

Human Rights 249

Individual Rights versus Sovereignty 249

Human Rights Institutions 250

War Crimes 252

Policy Perspectives: International Criminal Court Chief Prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo 254

Chapter 7 North-South Relations 260

The State of the South 260

Basic Human Needs 262

World Hunger 266

Rural and Urban Populations 268

Women in Developing Countries 268

Migration and Refugees 269

Theories of Accumulation 271

Economic Accumulation 272

The World-System 272

Imperialism 273

Effects of Colonialism 275

Postcolonial Dependency 276

Development Experiences 278

The Newly Industrializing Countries 280

The Chinese Experience 280

India Takes Off 283

Other Experiments 285

Import Substitution and Export-Led Growth 286

Concentrating Capital for Manufacturing 287

Authoritarianism and Democracy 288

Corruption 289

North-South Capital Flows 289

Foreign Investment 290

North-South Debt 291

IMF Conditionality 293

The South in International Economic Regimes 295

Foreign Assistance 296

Patterns of Foreign Assistance 296

Forms of Development Assistance 298

Policy Perspectives: President of Egypt Hosni Mubarak 294

Chapter 8 Environment and Technology 306

Interdependence and the Environment 306

Sustainable Development 309

Managing the Environment 309

The Atmosphere 309

Biodiversity 314

Forests and Oceans 315

Pollution 319

Natural Resources 320

World Energy 321

Minerals 324

Water Disputes 324

International Security and the Environment 325

Population 326

The Demographic Transition 326

Population Policies 328

Disease 329

The Power of Information 333

Networking the World 333

Information as a Tool of Governments 336

Information as a Tool against Governments 337

Telecommunications and Global Culture 338

Conclusion 340

Policy Perspectives: President of Ireland Mary McAleese 316

Glossary 346

Credits 360

Index 361

World States and Territories Map 390

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