International Review Of Research In Mental Retardation

International Review Of Research In Mental Retardation

by Laraine Masters Glidden
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0123662281

ISBN-13: 9780123662286

Pub. Date: 07/01/2004

Publisher: Elsevier Science

Motivation is the energizing force that drives much of our attention, conscious effort, and achievement in life. Yet this important driving force may be absent, low, or problematic in persons with mental retardation. This special thematic volume in the International Review of Research in Mental Retardation focuses on motivation within this special population

Overview

Motivation is the energizing force that drives much of our attention, conscious effort, and achievement in life. Yet this important driving force may be absent, low, or problematic in persons with mental retardation. This special thematic volume in the International Review of Research in Mental Retardation focuses on motivation within this special population. The book explores several theoretical models of motivation, as well as discussing issues of goal orientation, self-regulated academic learning, the setting and monitoring of realistic goals, and social competence for people with mental retardation. Additional chapters discuss the measurement of subjective well-being and quality of life in this population, and strategies for empowering students with developmental difficulties as well as instructional practices and contexts that can enhance motivation, learning, and achievement.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780123662286
Publisher:
Elsevier Science
Publication date:
07/01/2004
Series:
International Review of Research in Mental Retardation Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
368
Product dimensions:
0.94(w) x 6.00(h) x 9.00(d)

Table of Contents

Contributorsix
Prefacexiii
Behavioral Phenotypes: Going Beyond the Two-Group Approach
IHow do Persons with Mental Retardation Differ from One Another?2
IIBehavioral Phenotypes: Current Definitions and Findings6
IIIThe Future: Five Unresolved Issues11
IVConclusions24
References25
Prenatal Drug Exposure and Mental Retardation
IIntroduction31
IIFindings from Early Prenatal Cocaine Exposure Studies35
IIIDirect and Indirect Pathways37
IVCurrent Findings41
VPrenatal Drug Exposure and the Etiology of Mental Retardation52
VIConclusions53
References56
Spina Bifida: Genes, Brain, and Development
INature of Spina Bifida65
IIA Multi-Disciplinary Research Program69
IIIOverall Outcomes in School-Age Children80
IVNeural Phenotype of SBM: Relationships with Cognitive and Motor Functions86
VDevelopmental Factors: A Life Span Approach95
VIConclusions and Future Directions109
References111
The Role of the Basal Ganglia in the Expression of Stereotyped, Self-Injurious Behaviors in Developmental Disorders
IThe BG System: Function and Dysfunction120
IIBG Pathology and Developmental Disorders130
IIIAnimal Models of Stereotyped Self-Injury132
IVFuture Directions and Conclusions141
References144
Risk Factors for Alzheimer's Disease in Down Syndrome
IAge161
IIApolipoprotein E Genotype164
IIIBrain Reserve Capacity Hypothesis170
IVGender and Estrogen177
VFolate Metabolism, B-Group Vitamins, and Risk of AD In DS: A Hypothesis in Search of Data184
VIConclusions186
References187
Precursors of Mild Mental Retardation in Children with Adolescent Mothers
IDevelopmental Delays during Infancy and Early Childhood199
IIThe Emergence of Mild Mental Retardation and Learning Disabilities203
IIIThe Importance of Early Parenting206
IVPathways to Developmental Delays210
VSummary and Recommendations223
References225
The Ecological Context of Challenging Behavior in Young Children with Developmental Disabilities
IChallenging Behavior and Children with Developmental Disabilites229
IIThe Ecological Context of Challenging Behaviors232
IIIEnvirontype: The Ecological Context of Behavior235
IVInteraction: Transactional Models239
VAn Ecological Model of Intervention245
VIConclusions252
References253
Employment and Intellectual Disability: Achieving Successful Employment Outcomes
IPerceptions of Disability Including Intellectual Disability at the Macro Level and Implications for Employment263
IIPractices that Promote Successful Employment Outcomes for People with Intellectual Disability269
IIIMaximizing the Achievement of Successful Employment Outcomes: Future Directions281
IVConclusions282
References283
Technology Use and People with Mental Retardation
IImportance of Technology Use to People with Mental Retardation293
IIUser Characteristics Associated with Mental Retardation that Impact Technology Use300
IIITechnology Use By People with Mental Retardation311
References330
Index339
Contents of Previous Volumes353

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