International Views on Disability Measures: Moving Toward Comparative Measurement

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More About This Textbook

Overview

Disability policy has become an increasingly important issue in countries around the world. More and more, as populations are exposed to war and civil conflicts, natural disasters, environmental poisons along with the effects of normal aging, accidents and poverty, disability has become a growing public health and civil rights problem. In order to develop reasonable policy solutions, countries need accurate, reliable estimates of the size and make up of their disabled population. Comparisons of policy solutions cross-nationally require that the data that is used as the basis for the policy decisions is comparable. At the same time that the world has determined an important need for data on populations with disability, the data that is available is still haphazard and not comparable.

The UN has begun to address this need with a publication, the Guidelines and Principles for the Development of Disability Statistics in 2001, and through the authorization of the formation of the Washington Group, an informal, temporary organization in the mode of a City Group. As a voluntary organization of National Statistical Office representatives, the purpose of the Washington Group is to address selected problems in statistical methods associated with the measurement of disability internationally. The papers in this volume reflect a sampling of the work done to this point by the Washington Group to address this important public health problem. The collection describes the background of disability measurement as the work of the group started from an international perspective and identifies other work being done in this area. It also provides snapshots of the data that is currentlyavailable and in use along with how the data is used in a variety of countries. Finally, a section on methodological issues identifies some insight as well as suggested solutions to key problems that will need to be addressed if the Group is to accomplish its task.

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Product Details

Table of Contents

Introduction : measuring disability in the international community 1
The Washington group : origin and purpose 9
Survey measurement of disability : a review of international activities and recommendations 17
Cultural beliefs and practices that influence the type and nature of data collected on individuals with disability through national census 41
Reflections on disability language and the ICIDH/ICF 55
Review of practices in less developed countries on the collection of disability data 63
Production, dissemination and utilization of disability statistics in Uganda 89
Paradigms lost : the changing face of disability in research 111
People with disability in Brazil : a look at 2000 census results 131
Monitoring people with disabilities : the Italian experience 159
Testing a disability question for the census 179
Participation and environment : out of the melting pot and into ...? 225
The impact of assistive device use on disability measurement 247
Disability measurement matrix : a tool for the coordination of measurement purpose and instrument development 263
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