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Toussaint, however, has been maligned in both fiction and nonfiction alike - Lewis himself called him "a man of no peculiar merit."
W. Dale Nelson offers a frank and honest portrayal of Toussaint, suggesting his character has perhaps been judged too harshly. He was indeed valuable as an interpreter and no doubt helpful with his knowledge of the Indian tribes the group encountered. And with his experience as a fur trader, he always seemed to strike a better bargain than his companions.
During the expedition Sacagawea gave birth to a son, Jean Baptiste. With her death in 1812, Clark assumed custody of her son and Toussaint returned to his life on the upper Missouri. Surviving his wife by almost three decades, Toussaint worked under Clark (then Superintendent of Indian Affairs in St. Louis) as an interpreter for government officials, explorers, artists, and visiting dignitaries.
|List of Illustrations|
|3||Against the Current||25|
|4||Over the Top||41|
|8||Father and Son||76|
|9||At Home and Abroad||80|
|10||The Prince and the Frontiersman||85|
|11||Glimpses of Baptiste||92|
|12||Desolation on the Missouri||96|
|13||Westward Once More||106|
|14||John B. Charbonneau||117|