Interpreting the Bible

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More About This Book

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780802847812
  • Publisher: Eerdmans, William B. Publishing Company
  • Publication date: 12/28/1972
  • Pages: 425
  • Product dimensions: 6.06 (w) x 9.09 (h) x 1.06 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface vii
I Source of the Interpreter's Principles 3
Importance of Interpretation 3
Basic Objective of Interpreters 5
Valid and Invalid Principles 5
Areas of Study from Which Principles Are Drawn 10
Principles Versus Mechanical Rules 19
II Lessons From the Past 20
Jewish Interpretation 21
Patristic Period 30
The Middle Ages 35
The Reformation Period: Sixteenth Century 38
The Post-Reformation Period: Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries 41
The Nineteenth Century 44
The Twentieth Century 48
III Crucial Issues 54
Exegesis and Exposition 55
Event and Interpretation 58
Subjectivity in Interpretation 65
Mythology and Demythologizing 68
Language 73
Significance of These Issues 78
IV The Bible as a Unique Book 80
Claims of Authority 80
Unity of the Bible 86
Diversity of the Bible 89
Inspiration of the Scriptures 91
General Hermeneutics
V Context 99
Primacy of Context 99
Tools for Mastering Content 100
Varieties in Context Situations 102
Principles for Interpreting from Context 113
VI Language 114
Sound of Words (Phonology) 114
Form of Words (Morphology) 115
Meaning of Words (Lexicology, Lexicography) 117
Relationship of Words (Syntax) 129
Principles for the Interpreter of Syntax 157
VII History and Culture 159
Meaning and Significance 159
Tools for the Interpreter 164
Basic Elements 165
Diversity in Historical Cultural Situations 169
Current Emphasis on History and Culture in Interpretation 172
Principles and Procedures 176
Special Hermeneutics
Material Involved in Special Hermeneutics 178
VIII Short Figures of Speech 179
Sources of Imagery 179
Figures Emphasizing Comparison 182
Figures Involving Association 185
Figures Stressing a Personal Dimension 187
Figures Demanding Additions to Complete Thought 189
Figures Involving Understatement 192
Figures Involving an Intensification or Reversal of Meaning 193
Figures Involving Fullness of Thought 195
Interrogation 197
Distinguishing Figurative from Literal 197
IX Opaque Figures of Speech 199
Riddles 199
Fables 202
Enigmatic Sayings 206
X Extended Figures of Speech 212
Similitudes and Parables 212
Allegories 230
XI Typology 236
Nature of Typology 236
Examples of Typology 246
Interpretation of the Old Testament in New Testament Quotations and Allusions 255
Procedures for Interpreting Typology 262
XII Symbols and Symbolical Actions 265
Nature of Biblical Symbols 265
Classification and Examples of Symbols 266
Principles for Interpreting Symbols 278
XIII Prophecy 280
Source of the Prophetic Message 280
Nature of the Prophetic Message 285
Language of the Prophetic Message 295
Procedures for Interpreting the Prophetic Message 299
XIV Descriptive Language of Creation and Climax 306
Complex Blending of Literal and Figurative Elements 307
Language of the Creation of Man (Genesis 2:7-8) 308
Language of Final Judgment and Destiny (Revelation 20:11-15) 318
Attitude and Approach Necessary to Understand Descriptive Language 322
XV Poetry 323
Extent of Poetry 323
Poetic Form 324
Personal Dimension in Poetry 330
Poetic Imagery 331
Essential Factors Influencing Meaning in Poetry 332
XVI Doctrinal Teachings 338
Teaching Ministry of the Church 339
Human Structures for Doctrinal Thought 343
Analytical Thinking in Doctrinal Studies 348
Approach to Doctrinal Material in Particular Passages 348
From the Part to Larger Wholes 352
XVII Devotion and Conduct 356
Fellowship with God through the Scriptures 356
Direction from God for the Decisions of Life 359
Commands of God for Daily Living 361
Counsel of God for Personal Dialogue 363
Message of God for Public Preaching 364
XVIII Distortion Through Artificial Assumptions 369
Nature of Artificial Assumptions 369
General Sources of Artificial Assumptions 371
Areas Often Plagued by Artificial Assumptions 371
Exclusion of Artificial Assumptions 372
XIX Balance Through Care and Practice 375
The Meaning of Balance 375
Correcting Bad Habits 377
Forming Good Habits 378
The One to Whom We Must Give Account 378
General Bibliography 383
Index of Authors 393
Index of Subjects 397
Index of Scriptures 413
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