Intervention and Reflection: Basic Issues in Bioethics / Edition 9

Intervention and Reflection: Basic Issues in Bioethics / Edition 9

by Ronald Munson

INTERVENTION AND REFLECTION: BASIC ISSUES IN BIOETHICS, 10th Edition offers students a compelling introduction to biomedical ethics by combining riveting human stories with clear explanations of cutting edge scientific research. A collaboration between a seasoned journalist and a nationally-acclaimed bioethicist, this textbook continues to be the most widely

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INTERVENTION AND REFLECTION: BASIC ISSUES IN BIOETHICS, 10th Edition offers students a compelling introduction to biomedical ethics by combining riveting human stories with clear explanations of cutting edge scientific research. A collaboration between a seasoned journalist and a nationally-acclaimed bioethicist, this textbook continues to be the most widely used bioethics textbook on the market. This edition features detailed Social Context discussions that connect current events with the emerging bioethical debate as well as challenge students to form their own bioethical arguments. And, each chapter includes crisp summaries of the relevant ethical theories as well as classic and contemporary articles on the most pressing topics in the field. Whether the student has no philosophical or scientific training, or is in a philosophical, nursing, or medicine program, this textbook's intriguing presentation of the conceptual debate and human story of today's biomedical ethics is hard to put down.

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Product Details

Cengage Learning
Publication date:
Edition description:
New Edition
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Product dimensions:
7.20(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.70(d)

Table of Contents

1. Physicians, Patients, and Others: Roles and Responsibilities. Case Presentation: Dax Cowart Rejects Treatment—and Is Ignored. Social Context: Autism and Vaccination. Case Presentation: Suffer the Little Children? Social Context: Placebos and Transparency. Case Presentation: The Psychology of Torture. Social Context: The Obesity Epidemic—Autonomy versus Public Health? Case Presentation: Healing the Hmong. 2. Research Ethics and Informed Consent. Case Presentation: Henrietta Lacks and the HeLa Cell Line. Case Presentation: Stopping Trials Due to Success—A Case of "Ethical Overkill"? Case Presentation: Abigail Alliance v. FDA—Do Terminally III People Have a Right to Take Experimental Drugs? Case Presentation: Jesse Gelsinger—The First Gene-Therapy Death. Case Presentation: The ASR Hip Implant—Do Research Sponsors Suppress Bad News? Case Presentation: The Use of Morally Tainted Sources—The Pernkopf Anatomy. Social Context: Prisoners as Test Subjects? Social Context: The Cold-War Radiation Experiments. Case Presentation: The Willowbrook Hepatitis Experiments. Case Presentation: Echoes of Willowbrook or Tuskegee? Experimenting with Children. Case Presentation: Baby Fae. Part II: CONTROLS. 3. Genetic Control. Case Presentation: Genae Girard and Gene Patents. Social Context: The CRISPR Revolution. Case Presentation: Genetic Predispositions and the "Jolie Effect." Social Context: Prenatal Genetic Testing. Case Presentation: Huntington's Disease—Risks and Dilemmas. Case Presentation: The Threat of Genetic Discrimination. Case Presentation: Gene Therapy: Slowly Delivering on the Promise. Social Context: The Human Genome Project—Genes, Diseases, and the Personal Genome. Social Context: Stem Cells—The End of the Battle? Social Context: Precision Medicine. BRIEFING SESSION: Genetic Intervention: Screening Counseling and Diagnosis. Genetic Disease. Genetic Screening. Genetic Counseling. Prenatal Genetic Diagnosis. Ethical Difficulties with Genetic Intervention. Eugenics. Negative and Positive Eugenics. Germ Cell Selection and Engineering. Ethical Difficulties with Eugenics. Genetic Research, Therapy, and Technology. Recombinant DNA. Gene Therapy and Gene Editing. Biohazards and GMOs. Ethical Difficulties with Genetic Research, Therapy, and Technology. 4. Reproductive Control. Case Presentation: Brave New Families. Case Presentation: Louise Brown—The First "Test-Tube Baby." Case Presentation: Egg and Sperm Donors—Risks and Rewards. Social Context: Advances in Reproductive Cloning. Case Presentation: Savior Sibling. Case Presentation: Baby M and Mary Beth Whitehead—Surrogate Pregnancy in Court. Case Presentation: The Calvert Case—A Gestational Surrogate Changes Her Mind. Social Context: Postmenopausal Motherhood. Part III: TERMINATIONS. 5. Abortion. Social Context: Roe v. Wade. Case Presentation: When Abortion was Illegal—The Odyssey of Sherri Finkbine. Social Context: A Statistical Profile of Abortion in the United States. Social Context: Emergency Contraception. Case Presentation: Medication Abortion. Social Context: The "Partial-Birth Abortion" Controversy. Social Context: Supreme Court Abortion Decisions After Roe v. Wade. Social Context: State Abortion Laws. 6. The Dilemma of Severely Impaired Infants. Social Context: The Dilemma of Extreme Prematurity. Case Presentation: The Agony of Bente Hindriks. Case Presentation: Baby Owens—Down Syndrome and Duodenal Atresia. Social Context: The Baby Doe Cases. Case Presentation: Baby K—An Anencephalic Infant and a Mother's Request. 7. Euthanasia. Case Presentation: Brittany Maynard and Physician-Assisted Death. Social Context: When the Diagnosis is Death. Case Presentation: Karen Quinlan. Social Context: The Cruzan Case—The Supreme Court Upholds the Right to Die. Case Presentation: Terri Schiavo. Case Presentation: Jack Kevorkian—Moral Leader or Dr. Death? Case Presentation: The Awakening—A Brief Miracle. Part IV: RESOURCES. 8. Organ Transplants and Scarce Medical Resources. Case Presentation: Sarah Murnaghan and the Rule of Rescue. Case Presentation: Did Steve Jobs Buy A Liver? Social Context: Acquiring and Allocating Transplant Organs. Case Presentation: The Prisoner Who Needed a Heart. Case Presentation: Playing God with Dialysis. Case Presentation: Transplants and Mental Disability Case Presentation: The Drug Lottery—The Betaseron Shortage. 9. Distributing Health Care. Case Presentation: The Way it was—Robert Ingram Can't Afford to be Sick. Social Context: The Affordable Care Act. Case Presentation: Health Care Costs—A Tale of Two Cities. Social Context: In Crisis Mode—Background to Health Care Reform. Part V: CHALLENGES. 10. Medicine in a Pluralistic Society. Section 1: Gender and Medicine. Case Presentation: Pregnancy and Civil Rights. Social Context: Gender Difference in Treatment and Research. Section 2: Race, Ethnicity, and Medicine. Case Presentation: The Tuskegee Syphilis Study. Case Presentation: BiDil and the Science of "Race." Case Presentation: Race and Reproduction Section 3: LGBT Identities and Medicine. Social Context: "Curing" Homosexuality. Case Presentation: David Reimer and Sex/Gender Assignments Section 4: Disability and Medicine. Case Presentation: Lee Larson and Cochlear Implants. Case Presentation: David Rivlin and the Social Model of Disability. 11. Global Public Health. Case Presentation: Clinical Trials in the Developing World. Social Context: Culture and Body Modification. Social Context: GMOs and global justice. Social Context: Pandemic—AIDS Worldwide. Case Presentation: The Guatemala Syphilis Experiments. Part VI: FOUNDATIONS OF BIOETHICS. 12. Ethical Theories, Moral Principles, and Medical Decisions. MORAL THEORIES. Utilitarianism. The Principle of Utility. Act and Rule Utilitarianism. Preference Utilitarianism. Difficulties with Utilitarianism. Kant's Ethics. The Categorical Imperative. Another Formulation. Duty. Kant's Ethics in the Medical Context. Difficulties with Kantian Ethics. Ross's Ethics. Moral Properties and Rules. Actual Duties and Prima Facie Duties. Ross's Ethics in the Medical Context. Difficulties with Ross's Moral Rules. Rawls's Theory of Justice. The Original Position and the Principles of Justice. Rawls's Theory of Justice in the Medical. Context. Difficulties with Rawls's Theory. Natural Law Ethics and Moral Theology. Purposes, Reasons, and the Moral Law as Interpreted by Roman Catholicism. Applications of Roman Catholic Moral-Theological Viewpoints in the Medical Context. Difficulties with Natural Law Ethics and Moral Theology. MAJOR MORAL PRINCIPLES. The Principle of Nonmaleficence. The Principle of Beneficence. The Principle of Utility. Principles of Distributive Justice. The Principle of Equality. The Principle of Need. The Principle of Contribution. The Principle of Effort. The Principle of Autonomy. Autonomy and Actions. Autonomy and Options. Autonomy and Decision Making. Restrictions on Autonomy. BEYOND PRINCIPALISM. Capabilities and Care. Virtue ethics. Philosophy and Pluralism.

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