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Introducing Neuropsychology / Edition 2
     

Introducing Neuropsychology / Edition 2

by John Stirling, Rebecca Elliott
 

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ISBN-10: 1841696536

ISBN-13: 9781841696539

Pub. Date: 10/18/2008

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Introducing Neuropsychology, Second Edition investigates the functions of the brain and explores the relationships between brain systems and human behaviour. The material is presented in a jargon-free, easy to understand manner and aims to guide students new to the field through current areas of research.

Following a brief history of the discipline and a

Overview

Introducing Neuropsychology, Second Edition investigates the functions of the brain and explores the relationships between brain systems and human behaviour. The material is presented in a jargon-free, easy to understand manner and aims to guide students new to the field through current areas of research.

Following a brief history of the discipline and a description of methods in neuropsychology, the remaining chapters review traditional and recent research findings. Both cognitive and clinical aspects of neuropsychology are addressed to illustrate the advances scientists are making (on many fronts) in their quest to understand brain - behaviour relationships in both normal and disturbed functioning. The rapid developments in neuropsychology and cognitive neuroscience resulting from traditional research methods as well as new brain-imaging techniques are presented in a clear and straightforward way. Each chapter has been fully revised and updated and new brain-imaging data are incorporated throughout, especially in the later chapters on Emotion and Motivation, and Executive Functions. As in the first edition, key topics are dealt with in separate focus boxes, and “interim comment” sections allow the reader a chance to “take stock” at regular intervals.

The book assumes no particular expertise on the reader’s part in either psychology or brain physiology. Thus, it will be of great interest not only to those studying neuropsychology and cognitive neuroscience, but also to medical and nursing students, and indeed anyone who is interested in learning about recent progress in understanding brain–behaviour relationships.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781841696539
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
10/18/2008
Series:
Psychology Focus Series , #4
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
408
Product dimensions:
7.80(w) x 10.00(h) x 1.30(d)

Table of Contents

Preface to the series vii

Preface to the second edition viii

Preface to the first edition xi

1 The foundations of neuropsychology 3

Introduction 3

Neuropsychology as a distinct discipline 3

The (re)emergence of neuropsychology 12

Chapter summary 19

2 Methods in neuropsychology 21

Introduction 21

Invasive techniques for measuring brain structure and function 22

Electrical procedures 25

In-vivo imaging 27

Neuropsychological assessment 32

Chapter summary 37

3 Lateralisation 41

Introduction 41

Structural differences 42

Unilateral neurological damage 44

The split-brain syndrome 45

Asymmetries in normal individuals 57

Individual differences in brain organisation 60

Lateralisation: A footnote on the evolutionary perspective 67

Chapter summary 68

4 Somatosensation and neuroplasticity 71

Introduction 71

General features of sensory systems 72

The somatosensory system 72

Plasticity in the somatosensory cortex 78

Neuroplasticity beyond S1 84

Chapter summary 90

5 Motor control and movement disorders 93

Introduction 93

Brain-spinal cord pathways 94

The cerebellum 96

The basal ganglia 98

The cortex 103

Peripheral and spinal movement disorders 113

Cortical movement disorders 115

Subcortical movement disorders 119

Chapter summary 126

6 Language and the brain 129

Introduction 129

The classic neurological approach and aphasia 130

Connectionist models of language 134

The psycholinguistic approach 138

The modern era of language research 139

Language and laterality 149

Chapter summary 150

7 Memory and amnesia Andrew Parker 153

Introduction 153

Short-term memory and working memory 154

Long-term memory157

Anterograde amnesia and non-declarative memory 160

Anterograde amnesia and declarative memory 164

Memory processes 168

Retrograde amnesia and autobiographical memory 171

Chapter summary 175

8 Visual object recognition and spatial processing 177

Introduction 177

The "what" and "where" streams and visual perception 178

The ventral stream and object recognition 181

Functional imaging of object recognition 190

Imaging category specificity 195

Spatial functions and the "where" stream 197

Basic spatial processes 197

Chapter summary 204

9 Attention and consciousness 207

Introduction 207

Types of attention 208

Issues in psychological investigations of attention 209

Attention and the brain 215

Neurological attentional disorders 226

Towards an integrated model of attention 232

Consciousness 237

Chapter summary 253

10 Emotion and motivation 257

Introduction 257

Definitions and measurement of emotion and motivation 258

Evidence from neurology and neuropsychology 265

The interaction between somatic and emotional systems 269

The interaction between emotional and cognitive systems 272

Neuroimaging of emotion and motivation 273

Social neuroscience 279

Impairments of emotion, motivation, and social function 284

Chapter summary 285

11 Executive functions 289

Introduction 289

Domains of executive dysfunction 290

Task switching and multi-tasking 295

Issues with "executive tests" 297

Underlying mechanisms of executive function 298

The brain and executive function/dysfunction 299

Specialisation within the prefrontal cortex 302

Executive dysfunction and psychiatric disorders 305

Chapter summary 307

Appendix: A primer of nervous system structure and function 311

Introduction 311

Neurons and glia 312

Nerve impulses and synaptic transmission 313

Developmental and ageing aspects 317

Dividing up the nervous system 318

Chapter summary 326

Further reading 327

Glossary 333

References 339

Author index 373

Subject index 385

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