Introduction to Audiovisual Archives

Overview

Today, audiovisual archives and libraries have become very popular especially in the field of collecting, preserving and transmitting cultural heritage. However, the data from these archives or libraries – videos, images, sound tracks, etc. – constitute as such only potential cognitive resources for a given public (or “target community”). They have to undergo more or less significant qualitative transformations in order to become user- or community-relevant intellectual goods.
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Overview

Today, audiovisual archives and libraries have become very popular especially in the field of collecting, preserving and transmitting cultural heritage. However, the data from these archives or libraries – videos, images, sound tracks, etc. – constitute as such only potential cognitive resources for a given public (or “target community”). They have to undergo more or less significant qualitative transformations in order to become user- or community-relevant intellectual goods.
These qualitative transformations are performed through a series of concrete operations such as: audiovisual text segmentation, content description and indexing, pragmatic profiling, translation, etc. These and other operations constitute what we call the semiotic turn in dealing with digital (audiovisual) texts, corpora of texts or even entire (audiovisual) archives and libraries. They demonstrate practically and theoretically the well-known “from data to meta-data” or “from (simple) information to (relevant) knowledge” problem – a problem that obviously directly influences the effective use, the social impact and relevancy and therefore also the future of digital knowledge archives.
It constitutes, indeed, the heart of a diversity of important R&D programs and projects all over the world.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781848213371
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 2/1/2012
  • Series: ISTE Series , #603
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 284
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction Peter Stockinger xi

Chapter 1 Context and Issues Peter Stockinger Elisabeth De Pablo Francis Lemaitre 1

1.1 The ARA program - a brief historical overview 1

1.2 The scientific and cultural heritage of the ARA program 4

1.3 The working process 8

1.4 Knowledge engineering in the service of the ARA program 14

1.4.1 Some questions 14

1.4.2 Recourse to the semiotics of the audiovisual text 15

1.4.3 Metalanguage of description, models and scenarios 16

1.4.4 Models and scenarios of collection/prodution of audiovisual corpora 18

1.4.5 Models and scenarios for publishing/republishing 19

1.5 The digital environment and the working process 21

1.6 Analyzing an audiovisual corpus using ASW Studio 26

Part 1 The Segmentation and Description Workshops for Audiovisual Corpora 31

Chapter 2 The Segmentation Workshop for Audiovisual Resources Elisabeth de Pablo 33

2.1 Introduction 33

2.2 Segmentation of audiovisual corpora-a general presentation 34

2.2.1 Example of segmentation of a scientific interview 36

2.2.2 Example of the segmentation of a conference 38

2.2.3 Exemplication of the segmentation of an amateur video 39

2.2.4 Example of the segmentation of an audiovisual report 40

2.2.5 Other possible segmentations 41

2.3 Appropriation of the segmentation workshop 42

2.4 Some additional thoughts about segmentation 46

2.5 Perspectives relating to the segmentation workshop 46

Chapter 3 Description Workshop for Audiovisual Corpora Muriel Chemouny 49

3.1 A general overview 49

3.2 The "metadescription" part of an audiovisual analysis in ASW Studio: the mark of the editor's choice 51

3.2.1 General overview 53

3.2.2 Focus on the "general" sub-section of metadescription 58

3.3 The "identifying information of an audiovisual resource" part in the ASW description workshop 62

Chapter 4 Analysis of Audiovisual Expression Elisabeth De Pablo Jirasri Deslis 67

4.1 Introduction 67

4.2 Analysis of the visual shot 68

4.2.1 General overview 68

4.2.2 General description of the visual shot and analysis procedures 69

4.2.3 Examples of describing the visual shot of an audiovisual text 72

4.2.4 Some specific uses of the analyzed visual shots 77

4.3 Analysis of the sound shot 77

4.3.1 General description of the sound shot and analysis procedures 77

4.3.2 Example of analysis of a video described using the sound shot 81

4.3.3 Some uses for sound clips 83

Chapter 5 Analysis of the Audiovisual Content Peter Stockinger 87

5.1 Thematic analysis 87

5.2 A concrete example of the description of a topic 90

5.3 The model of thematic description 98

5.4 The objects of thematic analysis 102

5.5 Procedures of analysis 107

5.6 The different components of a model of thematic description 116

5.7 Libraries of models for the description of subjects 121

Chapter 6 Uses of an Audiovisual Resource Muriel Chemouny Primsuda Sakunthabai 127

6.1 The "Uses" part of the ASW description workshop 127

6.1.1 The "genres" of uses of an audiovisual text 128

6.1.2 The target audience of an audiovisual text 134

6.2 Producing a linguistic adaptation of an audiovisual resource 135

Chapter 7 Model of an Audiovisual Publication in the form of a Web Portal Jirasri Deslis 143

7.1 Introduction 143

7.2 The Ark Work homepage 144

7.3 Thematic access to audiovisual resources 146

7.4 Direct accesses to the audiovisual resources 151

7.5 Access to the audiovisual resources by thesaurus 156

7.6 Contextualization of the video 158

Part 2 Technological Environment, Development and New Perspectives 169

Chapter 8 The ASW Digital Environment Francis Lemaitre 171

8.1 Introduction 171

8.2 General presentation 175

8.2.1 Management of roles and rights 175

8.2.2 The technologies 177

8.2.3 The working process in the ASW environment 179

8.3 SemioscapeLibrary 181

8.3.1 The abstraction layers 181

8.3.2 The objects layer 182

8.3.3 The data access layer 191

8.3.4 The data processing layer 192

8.4 Semioscape 194

8.4.1 The database194

8.4.2 The Web services 200

8.5 Conclusion 201

Chapter 9 The ASW Studio Francis Lemaitre 203

9.1 Introduction 203

9.2 The common libraries 204

9.2.1 SemioscapeResources 204

9.2.2 SemioscapeUserControls 204

9.3 SemioscapeData 207

9.3.1 Ontology of work configuration 207

9.3.2 Static ontology 207

9.3.3 Metalexicon of conceptual terms 208

9.3.4 Domain ontologies 208

9.3.5 Listings of the ontologies 209

9.4 ESCoM Update 209

9.5 ESCoM ffCoder 210

9.6 ESCoM OntoEditor 211

9.7 ESCoM-INA Interview 212

9.8 ESCoM SemioscapeAdmin 214

9.9 The ESCoM suite 2011 installer 214

9.10 Semiosphere 216

9.10.1 SemiosphereLibrary 218

9.10.2 Customization 218

9.10.3 Multilingualism 219

9.10.4 Site maps 219

9.11 Conclusion 220

Chapter 10 The Technical Development of the "Web Portal" Publishing Model Richard Guérinet 225

10.1 The notion of "publishing module" 225

10.2 RIAs 228

10.3 The "Menu" publishing module 233

10.4 The "Video player" publishing module 235

10.5 The "contextualization of a video" publishing module 236

10.6 The "temporal location" publishing module 238

10.7 The "geographical location" publishing module 239

10.7.1 The geographical location 240

10.8 Conclusion 242

Glossary of Specialized Terms Peter Stockinger 243

Glossary of Acronyms and Names Peter Stockinger 263

Bibliography 281

List of Authors 285

Index 287

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