Introduction to Biomedical Equipment Technology / Edition 4

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Overview

This industry standard on biomedical equipment is an important resource for providing a broad technological knowledge base, and deep coverage of critical points. It serves as a handy reference on unfamiliar topics—organized so that users can easily look up topics of interest, study areas where they are weak or where they have not worked in some time. Chapter topics include an overview of the human body; an introduction to biomedical instrumentation and measurement; basic theories of measurement; signals and noise; electrodes, sensors, and transducers; bioelectric amplifiers; electrocardiograph equipment; respiratory therapy equipment; instrumentation for measuring brain parameters; care and feeding of battery operated equipment; computers in biomedical equipment; and quality assurance and continuous quality improvement. For working professionals in biomedical equipment, and for the engineers and technologists who design it.

Covers basic theories of measurement technology, new chapter on quality assurance & quality improvement, etc.

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Editorial Reviews

From The Critics
Describes the function of the various electrical devices used in the medical field. The textbook reviews the basic principles of electrodes for biophysical sensing and bioelectric amplifiers, before detailing the operation of specific machines used for respiratory therapy, measuring brain function, laboratory analysis, ultrasonography, and radiology. The fourth edition adds a chapter on quality assurance and continuous quality improvement. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780130104922
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
  • Publication date: 5/26/2000
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 4
  • Pages: 743
  • Sales rank: 498,848
  • Product dimensions: 7.50 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 1.80 (d)

Read an Excerpt

PREFACE

This textbook is the fourth edition of a premier book used to educate biomedical and other technical professionals over the last two decades. Since technology advances at an ever-increasing pace, we have included some new and exciting changes, which reflect the modern world of medical instrumentation.

Part of the revision effort was a survey of instructors, successful students, managers, and clinical and biomedical engineers and technicians who ultimately employ the readers of this book. New features were added mostly in response to comments and request of the academic reader.

Since this text is broadly organized, working professionals in biomedical electronics and related fields will find it useful for looking up topics of interest and refreshing selected areas, while bypassing more familiar material. In addition, engineers and technologists, who design biomedical equipment, can easily revisit material covering the broad overview or delve into the critical points of pertinent subjects.

Important chapters added to the third edition and retained in this latest edition include information fundamental to a basic education. Chapter 3 is "Introduction to Biomedical Equipment Instrumentation and Measurement." Chapter 4 covers the "Basic Theories of Measurement" technology. Chapter 22 discusses "Computers in Biomedical Equipment," which, among other topics, includes sections on microprocessors and signal acquisition systems, as applied to medical and laboratory instrumentation. This is directed at signal measurement, analog signal processing, analog-to-digital conversion, digital-to-analog conversion, and digital signal processing. These chapters were added to reinforce the concept that many medical instruments are basically electronic measuring devices. The authors believe students need to put into action concepts of accuracy and precision when diagnosing problems and maintaining medical and laboratory equipment. Basic theory of signals and noise provides a necessary background for understanding commonly encountered signals and what to expect from observing them in analog, digital or software form, in addition to windows pull-down menus. In this way, the authors share their savvy with the reader, which has been formulated from theory and years of personal experience. Also, some of the original chapters were enhanced to better cover essential topics, such as the nature and impact of the Internet in medicine and the use of computers in analyzing medical signals, X-ray films, and patient records. In addition, we have extended many block and circuit diagrams with descriptions to improve the reader's working knowledge of biomedical equipment.

In the fourth edition, chapter 24 on "Electromagnetic Interference to Medical Electronic Equipment," including electromagnetic compatibility has been improved, because this is a major issue today, especially with the FDA. In concert, a new chapter 25 is provided on "Quality Assurance and Continuous Quality Improvement" for two reasons: First, most medical equipment manufacturers must meet ISO-9000 quality assurance standards to sell their equipment in Europe and, increasingly, also in the United States and Canada. Adherence to the recommendations of ISO-9000 may also prove beneficial in defending product liability challenges, because it reflects a manufacturer's ability to set up and consistently apply company and production procedures. Second, hospitals are being forced to provide continuous quality improvement by accreditation authorities, such as the FDA, and their ability to meet these requirements facilitates their competitive edge in the medical marketplace. In addition, chapter 16, "Medical Laboratory Instrumentation," now includes a section on hemodialysis machines to treat kidney failure, because of the increasing requirement for this technology from our aging population. Also, a description of the important Y2K problem now appears in chapter 22, "Computers in Biomedical Equipment," as well as a description of new computer devices in medicine, such as the extended interactive computer system and the palmtop or personal digital assistant (PDA).

We appreciate the cooperation of the Burr-Brown Corp. in providing circuit diagrams. Burr-Brown does not authorize or warrant any Burr-Brown product for use in life support devices and/or systems.

Again, we thank our families for their continuing encouragement in the researching and writing of this latest edition.

Joseph J. Carr, MSEE Falls Church, VA

John M. Brown,
MSEE, Deng Tucson, AZ

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Table of Contents

1. The Human Body: An Overview.

2. The Heart and Circulatory System.

3. Introduction to Biomedical Instrumentation & Measurement.

4. Basic Theories of Measurement.

5. Signals and Noise.

6. Electrodes, Sensors, and Transducers.

7. Bioelectric Amplifiers.

8. Electrocardiographs.

9. Physiological Pressure and Other Cardiovascular Measurements and Devices.

10. The Human Respiratory System and Its Measurement.

11. Respiratory Therapy Equipment.

12. The Human Nervous System

13. Instrumentation for Measuring Brain Function.

14. Intensive and Coronary Care Units.

15. Operating Rooms.

16. Medical Laboratory Instrumentation.

17. Medical Ultrasonography.

18. Electrosurgery Generators.

19. Care and Feeding of Battery-Operated Medical Equipment.

20. Waveform Display Devices.

21. Electro-Optics (Fiber Optics and Lasers).

22. Computers in Biomedical Equipment.

23. Radiology and Nuclear Medicine Equipment.

24. Electromagnetic Interference to Medical Electronic Equipment.

25. Quality Assurance and Continuous Quality Improvement.

26. Medical Equipment Maintenance: Management, Facilities, and Equipment.

27. Requirements Management.

Appendix A. Some Math Notes.

Appendix B. Medical Terminology.

Appendix C. Glossary.

Appendix D. Electrical Safety in the Medical Environment.

Index.

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Preface

PREFACE

This textbook is the fourth edition of a premier book used to educate biomedical and other technical professionals over the last two decades. Since technology advances at an ever-increasing pace, we have included some new and exciting changes, which reflect the modern world of medical instrumentation.

Part of the revision effort was a survey of instructors, successful students, managers, and clinical and biomedical engineers and technicians who ultimately employ the readers of this book. New features were added mostly in response to comments and request of the academic reader.

Since this text is broadly organized, working professionals in biomedical electronics and related fields will find it useful for looking up topics of interest and refreshing selected areas, while bypassing more familiar material. In addition, engineers and technologists, who design biomedical equipment, can easily revisit material covering the broad overview or delve into the critical points of pertinent subjects.

Important chapters added to the third edition and retained in this latest edition include information fundamental to a basic education. Chapter 3 is "Introduction to Biomedical Equipment Instrumentation and Measurement." Chapter 4 covers the "Basic Theories of Measurement" technology. Chapter 22 discusses "Computers in Biomedical Equipment," which, among other topics, includes sections on microprocessors and signal acquisition systems, as applied to medical and laboratory instrumentation. This is directed at signal measurement, analog signal processing, analog-to-digital conversion, digital-to-analog conversion, and digital signal processing. These chapters were added to reinforce the concept that many medical instruments are basically electronic measuring devices. The authors believe students need to put into action concepts of accuracy and precision when diagnosing problems and maintaining medical and laboratory equipment. Basic theory of signals and noise provides a necessary background for understanding commonly encountered signals and what to expect from observing them in analog, digital or software form, in addition to windows pull-down menus. In this way, the authors share their savvy with the reader, which has been formulated from theory and years of personal experience. Also, some of the original chapters were enhanced to better cover essential topics, such as the nature and impact of the Internet in medicine and the use of computers in analyzing medical signals, X-ray films, and patient records. In addition, we have extended many block and circuit diagrams with descriptions to improve the reader's working knowledge of biomedical equipment.

In the fourth edition, chapter 24 on "Electromagnetic Interference to Medical Electronic Equipment," including electromagnetic compatibility has been improved, because this is a major issue today, especially with the FDA. In concert, a new chapter 25 is provided on "Quality Assurance and Continuous Quality Improvement" for two reasons: First, most medical equipment manufacturers must meet ISO-9000 quality assurance standards to sell their equipment in Europe and, increasingly, also in the United States and Canada. Adherence to the recommendations of ISO-9000 may also prove beneficial in defending product liability challenges, because it reflects a manufacturer's ability to set up and consistently apply company and production procedures. Second, hospitals are being forced to provide continuous quality improvement by accreditation authorities, such as the FDA, and their ability to meet these requirements facilitates their competitive edge in the medical marketplace. In addition, chapter 16, "Medical Laboratory Instrumentation," now includes a section on hemodialysis machines to treat kidney failure, because of the increasing requirement for this technology from our aging population. Also, a description of the important Y2K problem now appears in chapter 22, "Computers in Biomedical Equipment," as well as a description of new computer devices in medicine, such as the extended interactive computer system and the palmtop or personal digital assistant (PDA).

We appreciate the cooperation of the Burr-Brown Corp. in providing circuit diagrams. Burr-Brown does not authorize or warrant any Burr-Brown product for use in life support devices and/or systems.

Again, we thank our families for their continuing encouragement in the researching and writing of this latest edition.

Joseph J. Carr, MSEE
Falls Church, VA

John M. Brown,
MSEE, Deng
Tucson, AZ

Read More Show Less

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