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Introduction to Chemicals from Biomass / Edition 1
     

Introduction to Chemicals from Biomass / Edition 1

by James H. Clark, Fabien Deswarte
 

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ISBN-10: 0470058056

ISBN-13: 9780470058053

Pub. Date: 09/29/2008

Publisher: Wiley

Nature provides us with an abundance of chemical potential. Presenting an overview of the use of bioresources in the 21st century, Introduction to Chemicals from Biomass covers resources, chemical composition of biomass, key factors affecting composition, utilization of wastes, extraction technologies, controlled pyrolysis, fermentation, platform molecules,

Overview

Nature provides us with an abundance of chemical potential. Presenting an overview of the use of bioresources in the 21st century, Introduction to Chemicals from Biomass covers resources, chemical composition of biomass, key factors affecting composition, utilization of wastes, extraction technologies, controlled pyrolysis, fermentation, platform molecules, and green chemical technologies for their conversion to valuable chemicals. The text shows how smaller volume chemicals could become bulk chemicals as a result of a greater exploitation of biomass products, making it an important resource for academic and industrial scientists and researchers.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780470058053
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
09/29/2008
Series:
Wiley Series in Renewable Resource Series , #9
Edition description:
New
Pages:
200
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Series Preface.

Preface.

List of Contributors.

1. The Biorefinery Concept-An Integrated Approach (James H. Clark and Fabien E. I. Deswarte).

1.1. The Challenge of Sustainable Development.

1.2. Renewable Resources - Nature and Availability.

1.3. Impact on Ecosystem Services.

1.4. The Biorefinery Concept.

1.5. Conclusions.

2. The Chemical Value of Biomass (David B. Turley).

2.1. Introduction.

2.2. Plant Oils.

2.3. Carbohydrates.

2.4. Lignin.

2.5. Proteins.

2.6. Waxes.

2.7. Secondary Metabolites.

2.8. Prospects Arising from Developments in Plant Biotechnology and Biorefining.

2.9. Concluding Comments.

3. Green Chemical Technologies (Francesca M. Kerton).

3.1. Introduction.

3.2. What are Green Chemistry and Green Engineering?

3.3. Evaluating the Environmental Effects of Chemistry and Green Metrics.

3.4. Alternative Solvents.

3.5. Energy Considerations: Microwaves, Ultrasound, Electricity and Light.

3.6. Catalysts.

3.7. Conclusions.

4. Production of Chemicals from Biomass (Apostolis A. Koutinas, C. Du, R.H. Wang and Colin Webb).

4.1. Introduction.

4.2. Carbohydrates.

4.3. Vegetable Oils.

4.4. Chemical Production from Proteins.

4.5. Chemical Production through Green Chemical.

5. Biomaterials (Carlos Vaca-Garcia).

5.1. Introduction.

5.2. Wood and Natural Fibres.

5.3. Isolated and modified Biopolymers ads Biomaterials.

5.4. Agromaterials, Blends and Composites.

5.5. Biodegradable Plastics.

5.6. Conclusion.

6. Production of Energy from Biomass (Mehrdad Arshadi and Anita Sellstedt).

6.1. Introduction.

6.2. Physical Upgrading Processes.

6.3. Microbiological Processes.

6.4. Thermochemical Processes.

6.5. Chemical Processes.

6.6. Power Generation from Biomass.

Index.

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