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Provides readers with a comprehensive insight into multiple facets of the early childhood field, from history and philosophy, to technology, diversity, play, and the role of teachers and caregivers. Francis Wardle brings us this comprehensive introduction to the field of early childhood care and education, infants to age 8. This book addresses a wide variety of programs, including global early childhood education, setting up and maintaining indoor and outdoor environments, and strategies teaching literacy, math and science. Early childhood educators, teachers and childcare providers.
1. The need for child care and early childhood education.
Child care and families.
Setting the foundation for school success.
The needs of young children.
Global child care and early childhood programs.
2. Types of early childhood programs.
A need for child care and early education.
Public school early childhood programs.
Religious early childhood programs.
Head Start programs.
Military child care.
Private school-based programs.
Private early childhood programs.
Campus child care.
Family child care.
3. Important people and movements.
1950s to 1970s.
4. Curricular approaches.
What is curriculum?
Objectives, outcomes, standards, scope, and sequence.
Different early childhood curricula.
Evaluating child care environments.
Should early childhood environments be like home or like school?
Infants and toddlers.
Children age kindergarten to 8 years old.
Environments and children's behaviors.
6. Diversity in early childhood programs.
Diversity, equality, and equity.
Responding appropriately to diversity.
7. Teachers as professionals.
Who becomes a teacher?
Becoming a teacher.
Early childhood teachers in society.
Working with parents.
8. Play as curriculum.
What is play?
Theories of play.
Play and how children learn.
Role of adults in play.
9. Child growth and development.
Other learning theories.
10. Encouraging literacy.
Oral language development.
Development of emergent writing.
Young children and books.
The critical role of the family in language and literacy development.
Use of technology to support emergent literacy.
Role of teachers in literacy development.
Failure to learn to read and write.
Bilingual education and second language acquisition.
11. Encouraging creativity.
Why creative activities are critical in early childhood.
The visual arts.
Music and movement.
12. Guiding behavior: Social and moral development.
Children's self image.
Erikson's psychosocial stages.
Social learning theory.
Working with parents.
13. Math and science.
Theoretical basis for math and science education.
How fundamental math and science skills develop.
How to teach math and science.
Setting up the environment.
Arranging the science environment.
Math for elementary school students.
Science for elementary schools students.
Purposes of assessment, observation, and evaluation.
Types of assessment/evaluations.
Issues in testing.
15. Future issues/controversial issues.
Quality care and early childhood education.
Use of technology.
Males in early childhood.