Introduction to Engineering Analysis / Edition 4

For use in the first-year engineering course. This text is also suitable for individuals interested in adopting a problem-solving approach to engineering problems.

The goal of this text is to introduce a general problem-solving approach for the beginning engineering student. Thus, Introduction to Engineering Analysis focuses on how to solve (any) kind of

See more details below

Overview

For use in the first-year engineering course. This text is also suitable for individuals interested in adopting a problem-solving approach to engineering problems.

The goal of this text is to introduce a general problem-solving approach for the beginning engineering student. Thus, Introduction to Engineering Analysis focuses on how to solve (any) kind of engineering analytical problem in a logical and systematic way. The book helps to prepare the students for such analytically oriented courses as statics, strength of materials, electrical circuits, fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, etc.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780133485080
Publisher:
Prentice Hall
Publication date:
08/30/2013
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
432
Sales rank:
317,686
Product dimensions:
7.90(w) x 9.90(h) x 1.00(d)

Chapter 1 The Role of Analysis in Engineering 1

1.1 Introduction 1

1.2 Analysis and Engineering Design 4

1.3 Analysis and Engineering Failure 7

Chapter 2 Dimensions and Units 15

2.1 Introduction 15

2.2 Dimensions 16

2.3 Units 20

2.4 SI Units 25

2.5 English Units 32

2.6 Mass and Weight 35

2.7 Unit Conversions 41

Chapter 3 Analysis Methodology 51

3.1 Introduction 51

3.2 Numerical Calculations 52

3.2.1 Approximations 53

3.2.2 Significant Figures 54

3.3 General Analysis Procedure 61

3.4 The Computer as an Analysis Tool 77

3.4.2 Equation Solvers and Mathematics Software 80

3.4.3 Programming Languages 80

3.4.4 Specialty Software 82

3.4.5 Finite Element Software 82

Chapter 4 Mechanics 91

4.1 Introduction 91

4.2 Scalars and Vectors 94

4.2.1 Vector Operations 96

4.2.2 Vector Components 97

4.2.3 Unit Vectors 99

4.3 Forces 103

4.4 Free-Body Diagrams 110

Procedure for Constructing Free-Body Diagrams 110

4.5 Equilibrium 116

4.6 Stress and Strain 123

4.6.1 Stress 124

4.6.2 Strain 125

4.6.3 Hooke’s Law 126

4.6.4 Stress—Strain Diagram 127

4.7 Design Stress 131

Chapter 5 Electrical Circuits 145

5.1 Introduction 145

5.2 Electric Charge And Current 147

5.3 Voltage 155

5.4 Resistance 158

5.5 Ohm’S Law 162

5.6 Simple DC Circuits 165

5.7 Kirchhoff’s Laws 172

5.7.1 Kirchhoff’s Current Law 172

5.7.2 Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law 173

Chapter 6 Thermodynamics 185

6.1 Introduction 185

6.2 Pressure and Temperature 186

6.2.1 Pressure 187

6.2.2 Temperature 189

6.3 Forms of Energy 193

6.3.1 Potential Energy 194

6.3.2 Kinetic Energy 195

6.3.3 Internal Energy 195

6.3.4 Total Energy 196

6.4 Work and Heat 198

6.4.1 Mechanical Work 199

6.4.2 Heat 203

6.5 The First Law of Thermodynamics 207

6.6 Heat Engines 214

6.7 The Second Law of Thermodynamics 217

Chapter 7 Fluid Mechanics 227

7.1 Introduction 227

7.2 Fluid Properties 230

7.2.1 Density, Specific Weight, and Specific Gravity 230

7.2.2 Bulk Modulus 233

7.2.3 Viscosity 234

7.3 Fluid Statics 239

7.3.1 Pressure—Elevation Relationship 239

7.3.2 Forces on Submerged Surfaces 241

7.4 Flow Rates 243

7.5 Conservation of Mass 246

Chapter 8 Renewable Energy 258

8.1 Introduction 258

8.1.1 Environmental Considerations 260

8.2 Solar 261

8.2.1 Solar Energy Systems 262

8.2.2 Photovoltaic Systems 265

8.3 Wind 274

8.3.1 Basic Energy Analysis of a Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine 278

8.4 Hydro 281

8.4.1 Basic Energy Analysis of a Hydropower Plant 283

8.5 Geothermal 285

8.5.1 Basic Energy Analysis of a Binary Plant 286

8.6 Marine 290

8.6.1 Tidal 290

8.6.2 Ocean 291

8.6.2.2 Ocean Waves 292

8.7 Biomass 296

Chapter 9 Data Analysis: Graphing 302

9.1 Introduction 302

9.2 Collecting and Recording Data 305

9.2.1 Data Identification and Association 305

9.2.2 Accuracy, Precision, and Error 306

9.2.3 Recording Data 310

9.3 General Graphing Procedure 312

9.3.1 Dependent and Independent Variables 314

9.3.2 Variable Ranges 315

9.3.3 Graph Paper 315

9.3.4 Location of Axes 316

9.3.5 Graduation and Calibration of Axes 317

9.3.6 Axis Labels 320

9.3.7 Data Point Plotting 321

9.3.8 Curves 322

9.3.9 Legends and Titles 324

9.3.10 Graphing with Computer Software 324

9.4 Curve Fitting 328

9.4.1 Common Mathematical Functions 329

9.4.2 Method of Selected Points 330

9.4.3 Least Squares Linear Regression 337

9.5 Interpolation and Extrapolation 341

Chapter 10 Data Analysis: Statistics 355

10.1 Introduction 356

10.2 Data Classification and Frequency Distribution 357

Data Classification Guidelines 358

10.3 Measures of Central Tendency 361

10.3.1 Mean 361

10.3.2 Median 362

10.3.3 Mode 365

10.4 Measures of Variation 365

10.5 Normal Distribution 368

Appendix

Index