Introduction to Engineering / Edition 3

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Overview

This book provides a brief history and a comprehensive overview of the engineering profession and practice, describing the functions and career paths for various branches of engineering. Paul Wright offers suggestions on communications and creativity, as well as guidelines for the engineering code of ethics.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
A textbook introducing engineering as a general subject--not concerned with the math and techniques of the discipline. For beginning college and advanced secondary school students. Lots of money for a small paperback with few typesetting complications. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780471059202
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 1/28/2002
  • Series: Wiley Desktop Editions Series
  • Edition description: Third Edition
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 276
  • Sales rank: 742,699
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 0.51 (d)

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1/HISTORY OF ENGINEERING

1.1 Introduction 1

1.2 Engineering in the Early Civilizations: The Mesopotamians 2

1.3 Engineering in the Early Civilizations: The Egyptians 3

1.4 Contributions of the Greeks 6

1.5 Contributions of the Romans 7

1.6 Engineering in the Middle Ages 10

1.7 The Advancement of Science: Circa A.D. 1300–1750 10

1.8 Advancements in Engineering: A.D. 1750–1900 11

1.9 Engineering in the Twentieth Century 14

CHAPTER 2/DEFINITION OF ENGINEERING

2.1 Engineering 21

2.2 Engineering Support Personnel 23

ENGINEERING FIELDS OF SPECIALIZATION 25

2.3 Electrical Engineering 25

2.4 Computer Engineering 26

2.5 Mechanical Engineering 27

2.6 Civil Engineering 28

2.7 Chemical Engineering 30

2.8 Industrial Engineering 31

2.9 Aerospace Engineering 32

2.10 Materials Engineering 32

2.11 Other Branches of Engineering 33

2.12 Functions of Engineering 34

CAREER PATHS FOR ENGINEERS 35

2.13 The Corporate Ladder 36

2.14 The Independent Entrepreneur 37

2.15 Employment Opportunities in Government 38

2.16 Engineering and Social Services Abroad 39

2.17 The Engineering Professor 39

2.18 Graduate Work Outside of Engineering 40

2.19 The Multiple-Track, Variable Career 41

INITIAL CAREER PROFILES 41

2.20 Chemical Engineering Graduates 42

2.21 Civil Engineering Graduates 43

2.22 Electrical Engineering Graduates 44

2.23 Mechanical Engineering Graduates 45

2.24 Biomedical Engineering Graduates 47

2.25 Computer Engineering Graduates 47

2.26 Environmental Engineering Graduates 48

2.27 Industrial Engineering Graduates 48

CHAPTER 3/THE ENGINEER AS A PROFESSIONAL

3.1 Engineering as a Profession 51

3.2 Characteristics and Responsibilities of Professional Engineers 53

3.3 Ideals and Obligations of Professional Engineers 53

3.4 Professional Registration 55

3.5 Professional Organizations 57

3.6 Engineering Ethics 60

3.7 Moral Foundations of Engineering Ethics 61

3.8 The Framework of Engineering Ethics 63

3.9 Codes of Engineering Ethics 64

3.10 Case Studies in Engineering Ethics 69

CHAPTER 4/LEARNING AND CREATIVE THOUGHT

4.1 Introduction 87

4.2 The Successful Engineering Student 87

4.3 The Engineering Curriculum 89

4.4 Curriculum Planning and Management 93

4.5 Adapting to the College Classroom 94

THE LEARNING PROCESS 95

4.6 The Nature of Learning 95

4.7 Information Processing and Memory 95

4.8 Determinants of Efficient Learning 97

4.9 Practical Suggestions for Learning 98

DIFFERENCES IN THE WAY PEOPLE THINK 99

4.10 The Four-Quadrant Model of Thinking 99

4.11 Hindrances to Problem Solving 101

ON CREATIVITY 104

4.12 What Is Creativity? 104

4.13 The Nature of Creativity 104

4.14 Characteristics of Creative People 105

4.15 The Creative Process 106

4.16 Overcoming Obstacles to Creative Thinking 106

CHAPTER 5/THE ENGINEERING APPROACH TO PROBLEM SOLVING

THE NATURE OF ENGINEERING DESIGN 111

Engineering Teams 112

THE ENGINEERING METHOD 112

5.1 Identification of the Problem 113

5.2 Gathering Needed Information 114

5.3 Searching for Creative Solutions 114

Brainstorming 115

Checklists 115

Attribute Listing 115

Forced Relationship Technique 116

Morphological Analysis 117

5.4 Stepping from Ideation to Preliminary Designs 118

Mathematical Models 119

Simulation Models 119

Physical Models 120

5.5 Evaluation and Selection of Preferred Solution 125

Economic Analysis 126

Other Evaluation Techniques 128

5.6 Preparation of Reports, Plans, and Specifications 130

5.7 Implementation of the Design 130

Patenting 130

Computer-Aided Design 131

Learning from Failures 132

The Hyatt Regency Hotel Walkways Collapse 134

CHAPTER 6/ENGINEERING COMMUNICATIONS

6.1 Introduction 141

6.2 Communications and Information Resources 142

How Engineers Find Information and the Information Seeking Process 142

Turning Information into Knowledge: Evaluating and Processing Information 142

Where to Locate Information and Good Starting Points 145

THE ENGINEER AS A WRITER 147

6.3 Guidelines for Effective Writing 148

6.4 Types of Engineering Writing 149

GRAPHICAL COMMUNICATIONS 153

6.5 ANSI Line Conventions and Lettering 155

6.6 Types of Graphical Communications 158

6.7 Sketching 158

6.8 Pictorial Representations 159

6.9 Orthographic Representations 160

6.10 Section Views 161

6.11 Auxiliary Views 163

6.12 Computer Tools for Creating Representations 164

6.13 Simulation and Virtual Reality 165

THE ENGINEER AS A SPEAKER 165

6.14 Guidelines for Effective Speaking 165

6.15 Use of Visual Aids 166

Use of Computer Technology in Oral Presentations 167

6.16 Technical Presentations at Professional Meetings 167

6.17 The Engineer as a Presiding Officer 168

CHAPTER 7/ENGINEERING CALCULATIONS

7.1 The Presentation of Engineering Calculations 175

7.2 Number Systems 177

7.3 Dimensions 178

7.4 Units 179

The International System of Units 180

Units Used with SI 184

7.5 Significant Figures 187

7.6 Scientific Notation 188

BRANCHES OF MATHEMATICS 188

7.7 Algebra 189

7.8 Geometry 189

7.9 Trigonometry 190

7.10 Calculus 191

7.11 Engineering Statistics 194

The Normal Distribution 196

7.12 Graphical Analysis 199

Developing an Equation for a Straight-line Relationship 202

CHAPTER 8/A CASE STUDY—ATLANTA’S FREEDOM PARKWAY PROJECT

8.1 Background 213

8.2 Social and Environmental Legislation 214

8.3 Significant State Legislation 217

8.4 The Abandonment of Interstate Route I-485 218

8.5 Local Plan Development 219

8.6 The Presidential Parkway 221

Solicitation of Support 222

Design Features and Location 222

Social and Environmental Assessment 226

Public Opposition to the Presidential Parkway 227

Administrative Actions 228

8.7 Litigation 229

Civil Disobedience 230

8.8 Mediation 232

8.9 The Freedom Parkway 235

Design Features of the Freedom Parkway 238

Congressional Approval 238

8.10 Conclusion 238

CHAPTER 9/A CASE STUDY—THE SPACE SHUTTLE CHALLENGER ACCIDENT

9.1 Background 243

9.2 The Space Shuttle 244

9.3 From Earth to Orbit 246

9.4 Events Leading up to the Challenger Mission 248

9.5 Launch Delays 249

9.6 The Presidential Commission and Its Activities 251

9.7 The Accident 253

9.8 The Cause of the Accident 257

9.9 The Contributing Cause of the Accident 264

INDEX 273

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