Introduction to Experimental Particle Physics / Edition 1

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Overview

This book brings together the most important topics in experimental particle physics over the past forty years to give a brief but balanced overview of the subject.

The author begins by reviewing particle physics and discussing electromagnetic and nuclear interactions. He then goes on to discuss three nearly universal aspects of particle physics experiments: beams, targets, and fast electronics. The second part of the book treats in detail the properties of various types of particle detector, such as scintillation counters, Cerenkov counters, proportional chambers, drift chambers, sampling calorimeters, and specialized detectors. Wherever possible the author attempts to enumerate the advantages and disadvantages of performance. Finally, he discusses aspects of specific experiments, such as properties of triggers, types of measurement, spectrometers, and the integration of detectors into a coherent system. Throughout the book, each chapter begins with a discussion of the basic principles involved, followed by selective examples.

"Richard Fernow's Introduction to Experimental Particle Physics is an excellent step towards bridging the gap between the enormous amount of primary literature and the beginning graduate student or interested scientist." Nature

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Paper reprint. Originally published 1986, Cambridge U. Press. Gives an overview of the subject by presenting significant topics of the past forty years. Acidic paper. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
From the Publisher
"...an admirable job of condensing a wealth of information into a coherent text...This book would serve well as either a graduate-level or a practical text." Science
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521379403
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 3/28/1989
  • Edition description: Reprint
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 432
  • Product dimensions: 5.98 (w) x 8.98 (h) x 0.94 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface ix
1 Introduction 1
1.1 Particle physics 1
1.2 Particles and interactions 2
1.3 Relativistic kinematics 5
1.4 Summary of particle properties 7
1.5 Scattering 10
1.6 Particle physics experiments 14
1.7 Data analysis 18
2 Electromagnetic interactions 29
2.1 Energy loss in matter 30
2.2 Quantum treatment of the energy loss 34
2.3 Fluctuations in energy loss 42
2.4 Energy loss of electrons and positrons 46
2.5 Interactions of photons 54
2.6 Elastic scattering 64
2.7 Multiple scattering 67
2.8 Other electromagnetic effects 71
3 Nuclear interactions 79
3.1 Strong interactions 79
3.2 Weak interactions 88
4 Particle beams 93
4.1 Particle accelerators 93
4.2 Secondary beams 103
4.3 Beam transport 108
4.4 Flux monitors 115
4.5 Other particle sources 117
4.6 Radiation protection 120
5 Targets 125
5.1 Standard targets 125
5.2 Special purpose targets 129
6 Fast electronics 133
6.1 Fast pulse instrumentation 133
6.2 Discriminators 134
6.3 Coincidence units 137
6.4 CAMAC standard 141
6.5 Other fast pulse devices 142
6.6 Signal cables 144
7 Scintillation counters 148
7.1 The scintillation process 148
7.2 Light collection 156
7.3 Photomultiplier tubes 161
7.4 Performance 165
7.5 Timing applications 169
8 Cerenkov counters 178
8.1 The Cerenkov effect 178
8.2 Photon yield 183
8.3 Gas radiators 186
8.4 Threshold counters 190
8.5 Differential counters 196
8.6 Total absorption counters 201
9 Proportional chambers 205
9.1 Elements of a proportional chamber 205
9.2 Fundamental processes in gases 208
9.3 Proportional chamber gases 216
9.4 Multiwire proportional chambers 218
9.5 Readout electronics 225
10 Drift chambers 234
10.1 Properties of drift chamber gases 234
10.2 Construction 241
10.3 Readout electronics 247
10.4 Performance 249
10.5 Particle identification 252
11 Sampling calorimeters 259
11.1 Electromagnetic showers 259
11.2 Electromagnetic shower detectors 266
11.3 Hadronic shower detectors 274
11.4 Neutral particle detectors 280
12 Specialized detectors 285
12.1 Bubble chambers 285
12.2 Emulsions 288
12.3 Spark chambers 289
12.4 Streamer chambers 293
12.5 Transition radiation detectors 294
12.6 Short summary of some other detectors 296
13 Triggers 303
13.1 General considerations 303
13.2 Identified particle triggers 307
13.3 Deposited energy triggers 315
13.4 Higher level triggering 316
14 Detector systems 325
14.1 Magnetic spectrometers 325
14.2 Design considerations 329
14.3 Fixed target spectrometers 336
14.4 Colliding beam spectrometers 341
14.5 Nucleon decay spectrometers 349
14.6 Data acquisition 351
15 Some fundamental measurements 358
15.1 Particle properties 358
15.2 Total cross section 367
15.3 Elastic scattering 370
15.4 Polarization experiments 372
15.5 New particle searches 376
Appendix A Physical constants 385
Appendix B Periodic table of the elements 386
Appendix C Probability and statistics 388
Appendix D Cross sections and probability 391
Appendix E Two-body scattering in the LAB frame 393
Appendix F Motion of ions in a combined electric and magnetic field 394
Appendix G Properties of structural materials 396
Author index 399
Subject index 414
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