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Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, Fourth Edition / Edition 4

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Overview

The ability to understand the area of fluid mechanics is enhanced by using equations to mathematically model those phenomena encountered in everyday life. Helping those new to fluid mechanics make sense of its concepts and calculations, Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, Fourth Edition makes learning a visual experience by introducing the types of problems that students are likely to encounter in practice – and then presenting methods to solve them.

A time-tested book that has proven useful in various fluid mechanics and turbomachinery courses, this volume assumes knowledge of calculus and physics in its use of mathematics to model physical principles in fluid mechanics. Among its many useful features, this book:

  • Updates advances and relevant examples
  • Introduces concepts of fluid statics and control/volume approach of determining flow
  • Carefully explains topics using step-by-step examples
  • Emphasizes applications areas, with extensive resources for design problems
  • Uses both SI units and British gravitational units
  • Includes computer and design problems formulated for use with a spreadsheet in any of the traditional programming languages

The author includes open-ended chapter-end problems designed to systematically improve the students’ ability to understand and apply the equations of fluid mechanics to various practical problems associated with scenarios such as flow from a draining coffee pot or drag force exerted on a bicycle-rider combination. Problems are arranged so that the easier ones are presented first, to build students’ confidence and aid learning, and these problems are grouped by topic, making them easier to use for both instructors and students.

With an abundance of new material, this book is a thorough and comprehensible presentation of fluid mechanics from a practical viewpoint, rather than an encyclopedic and inaccessible volume.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
A standard textbook presenting fluid mechanics from a practical viewpoint, for use at the undergraduate level in a mechanical or civil engineering or applied sciences curriculum. It assumes a knowledge of calculus and physics. The present revised edition adds new example and practice problems, computer and design problems, information on three- dimensional flow effects about a wing and about a formation of flying objects, and a new section on graphical solution methods for unsteady laminar flow problems. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781420085242
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • Publication date: 11/3/2009
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 4
  • Pages: 738
  • Sales rank: 1,466,310
  • Product dimensions: 6.90 (w) x 10.10 (h) x 1.50 (d)

Meet the Author

William S. Janna received his BSME, MSME, and PhD from the University of Toledo. He joined the Mechanical Engineering Faculty of The University of New Orleans in 1976, where he became department chair, and served in that position for four years. Subsequently, he joined the University of Memphis in 1987 as chair of the Department of Mechanical Engineering. He served as associate dean for graduate studies and research in the Herff College of Engineering. His research interests include boundary layer methods of solution for various engineering problems, modeling the melting of ice objects of various shapes, and the study of sublimation from various geometries. He is the author of three textbooks and a member of ASME. He teaches courses in heat transfer, fluid AQ1 mechanics, and design of fluid=thermal systems. He has designed and constructed a number of experiments in the fluid mechanics and heat transfer laboratories.

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Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Fundamental Concepts

Definition of a Fluid

Dimensions and Units

Properties of Fluids

Liquids and Gases

Continuum

Chapter 2 Fluid Statics

Pressure and Pressure Measurement

Hydrostatic Forces on Submerged Plane Surfaces

Hydrostatic Forces on Submerged Curved Surfaces

Equilibrium of Accelerating Fluids

Forces on Submerged Bodies

Stability of Submerged and Floating Bodies

Chapter 3 Basic Equations of Fluid Mechanics

Kinematics of Flow

Control Volume Approach

Continuity Equation

Momentum Equation

Energy Equation

Bernoulli’s Equation

Chapter 4 Dimensional Analysis and Dynamic Similitude

Dimensional Homogeneity and Analysis

Dimensionless Ratios

Dimensional Analysis by Inspection

Similitude

Correlation of Experimental Data

Chapter 5 Flow in Closed Conduits

Laminar and Turbulent Flow

Effect of Viscosity

Pipe Dimensions and Specifications

Equation of Motion

The Friction Factor and Pipe Roughness

Simple Piping Systems

Minor Losses

Forces Exerted on Fittings by Moving Fluids

Pipes in Parallel

Pumps and Piping Systems

Chapter 6 Flow over Immersed Bodies

Boundary-Layer Growth and Separation

Drag on Various Two-Dimensional Bodies

Drag on Various Three-Dimensional Bodies

Applications to Ground Vehicles

Lift on Airfoils

Chapter 7 Flow in Open Channels

Types of Open-Channel Flows

Open-Channel Geometry Factors

Energy Considerations in Open-Channel Flow

Critical Flow Calculations

Equations for Uniform Open-Channel Flow

Hydraulically Optimum Cross Section

Nonuniform Open-Channel Flow

Chapter 8 Compressible Flow

Sonic Velocity and Mach Number

Stagnation Properties and Isentropic Flow

Flow through a Channel of Varying Area

Normal Shock Waves

Compressible Flow with Friction

Compressible Flow with Heat Transfer

Chapter 9 Turbomachinery

Equations of Turbomachinery

Axial-Flow Turbines

Axial-Flow Compressors, Pumps, and Fans

Radial-Flow Turbines

Radial-Flow Compressors and Pumps

Power-Absorbing versus Power-Producing Machines

Dimensional Analysis of Turbomachinery

Performance Characteristics of Centrifugal Pumps

Performance Characteristics of Hydraulic Turbines

Chapter 10 Measurements in Fluid Mechanics

Measurement of Viscosity

Measurement of Static and Stagnation Pressure

Measurement of Velocity

Measurement of Flow Rate in Closed Conduits

Measurements in Open-Channel Flow

Chapter 11 The Navier–Stokes Equations

Equations of Motion

Applications to Laminar Flow

Graphical Solution Methods for Unsteady Laminar Flow Problems

Introduction to Turbulent Flow

Chapter 12 Inviscid Flow

Equations of Two-Dimensional Inviscid Flow

Stream Function and Velocity Potential

Irrotational Flow

Laplace’s Equation and Various Flow Fields

Combined Flows and Superposition

Inviscid Flow Past an Airfoil

Chapter 13 Boundary-Layer Flow

Laminar and Turbulent Boundary-Layer Flow

Equations of Motion for the Boundary Layer

Laminar Boundary-Layer Flow over a Flat Plate

Momentum Integral Equation

Momentum Integral Method for Laminar Flow over a Flat Plate

Momentum Integral Method for Turbulent Flow over a Flat Plate

Laminar and Turbulent Boundary-Layer Flow over a Flat Plate

Index

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