An Introduction to Inertial Confinement Fusion

An Introduction to Inertial Confinement Fusion

by Susanne Pfalzner
     
 

ISBN-10: 0750307013

ISBN-13: 9780750307017

Pub. Date: 02/03/2006

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Newcomers to the field of inertial confinement fusion (ICF) often have difficulty establishing a clear picture of the overall field. The reason for this is because, while there are many books devoted to special topics within the field, there is none that provides an overview of the field as a whole. An Introduction to Inertial Confinement Fusion fills this gap with

Overview

Newcomers to the field of inertial confinement fusion (ICF) often have difficulty establishing a clear picture of the overall field. The reason for this is because, while there are many books devoted to special topics within the field, there is none that provides an overview of the field as a whole. An Introduction to Inertial Confinement Fusion fills this gap with an overview of the processes involved in ICF presented at an accessible level. After a broad overview, the book follows the processes from the driver technology to burn physics in chronological order. As each topic appears, the author details the physical concepts and obstacles. The book concludes with a look to the future prospects of the field.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780750307017
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
02/03/2006
Series:
Series in Plasma Physics and Fluid Dynamics Series, #19
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
248
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents

FUNDAMENTALS OF INERTIAL CONFINEMENT FUSION
What happens in the sun?
Can one produce energy on Earth like in the sun?
The two approaches - Magnetic vs. Inertial Confinement
Stages in inertial confinement fusion
Outline of the Book

LASER DRIVERS FOR ICF
Basics of laser physics
Lasers for ICF applications
Nd-glass lasers for ICF
Alternatives to Nd-glass lasers

BASIC PLASMA PHYSICS
Debye length and plasma frequency
Particle description
Fluid description
Plasma waves
Plasma heating
The ponderomotive force
Shock waves
Equation of state for dense plasmas

ABSORPTION OF LASER LIGHT
Coupling of the laser energy to the target
Inverse Bremsstrahlung absorption
Resonance absorption
Parametric instabilities
Indirect drive: coupling laser energy to the hohlraum
ii
Energy transport

HYDRODYNAMIC COMPRESSION AND BURN
Implosion of solid target
Foil target
Rocket Model and Ablation
Compression wave - Shock front - Shock wave
Compression phase
Spherically convergent shock waves
Isentropic compression
Multiple shocks
Burn

RAYLEIGH-TAYLOR INSTABILITIES
Basic concept
RT in the ablation phase
RT instabilities in the deceleration phase
Consequences for target design
Idealized RT instabilities vs. ICF situation
Other dynamic instabilities

ENERGY REQUIREMENTS AND GAIN
Power balance
Energy requirements
Gain

TARGETS
Basic considerations for target design
Direct and indirect-drive targets
Direct-drive targets
Indirect-drive targets
Target fabrication

ICF POWER PLANT
Power plant design
Plant efficiency
Target chamber
Target fabrication for power plant
Safety issues

HEAVY-ION DRIVEN FUSION
Heavy-ion drivers
Ion beam energy deposition
Target design for heavy-ion drivers
Heavy-ion power plant
Light-ion drivers

FAST IGNITOR
Fast-ignitor vs. hot-spot concept
Hole boring or laser cone guiding?
O_-center ignition
Status and Future

ABC OF ICF

APPENDIX
Predicted energy consumption and resources
Constants
Formulae
Abbreviations
Constants of the semiempirical mass formula
List of Codes used for Numerical Modelling

References
Bibliography

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