Introduction to Instrumentation and Measurements / Edition 2

Introduction to Instrumentation and Measurements / Edition 2

by Robert B. Northrop
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0849337739

ISBN-13: 9780849337734

Pub. Date: 06/28/2005

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Knowledge of instrumentation is critical in light of the highly sensitive and precise requirements of modern processes and systems. Rapid development in instrumentation technology coupled with the adoption of new standards makes a firm, up-to-date foundation of knowledge more important than ever in most science and engineering fields. Understanding this, Robert B.

Overview

Knowledge of instrumentation is critical in light of the highly sensitive and precise requirements of modern processes and systems. Rapid development in instrumentation technology coupled with the adoption of new standards makes a firm, up-to-date foundation of knowledge more important than ever in most science and engineering fields. Understanding this, Robert B. Northrop produced the best-selling Introduction to Instrumentation and
Measurements in 1997. The second edition continues to provide in-depth coverage of a wide array of modern instrumentation and measurement topics, updated to reflect advances in the field.

See What's New in the Second Edition:

  • Anderson Current Loop technology
  • Design of optical polarimeters and their applications
  • Photonic measurements with photomultipliers and channel-plate photon sensors
  • Sensing of gas-phase analytes (electronic "noses")
  • Using the Sagnac effect to measure vehicle angular velocity
  • Micromachined, vibrating mass, and vibrating disk rate gyros
  • Analysis of the Humphrey air jet gyro
  • Micromachined IC
    accelerometers
  • GPS and modifications made to improve accuracy
  • Substance detection using photons
  • Sections on dithering, delta-sigma ADCs,
    data acquisition cards, the USB, and virtual instruments and PXI systems

    Based on Northrop's 40 years of experience, Introduction to Instrumentation and Measurements, Second Edition is unequalled in its depth and breadth of coverage.

  • Product Details

    ISBN-13:
    9780849337734
    Publisher:
    Taylor & Francis
    Publication date:
    06/28/2005
    Edition description:
    REV
    Pages:
    766
    Product dimensions:
    7.10(w) x 10.10(h) x 1.80(d)

    Table of Contents

    MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS
    Introduction
    Measurement System Architecture
    Errors in Measurement
    Standards Used in Measurements
    Chapter Summary
    Problems
    ANALOG SIGNAL CONDITIONING
    Introduction
    Differential Amplifiers
    Operational Amplifiers
    Analog Active Filter Applications Using Op-Amps
    Instrumentation Amplifiers
    Nonlinear Analog Signal Processing by Op-Amps and by Special Function Modules
    Charge Amplifiers
    Phase Sensitive Rectifiers
    Chapter Summary
    Problems
    NOISE AND COHERENT INTERFACE IN MEASUREMENTS
    Introduction
    Random Noise in Circuits
    Propagation of Gaussian Noise Through Linear Filters
    Broadband Noise Factor and Noise Figure of Amplifiers
    Spot Noise Factor and Figure
    Transformer Optimization of Amplifier Fspot and Output SNR
    Cascaded Noisy Amplifiers
    Calculation of the Noise Limited Resolution of Certain Signal Conditioning Systems
    Modern, Low Noise Amplifiers for Use in Instrumentation Signal Conditioning Systems
    Coherent Interference and Its Minimization
    Chapter Summary
    Problems
    DC NULL MEASUREMENT
    Introduction
    Wheatstone Bridge Analysis
    The Kelvin Bridge
    The Anderson Constant Current Loop
    Potentiometers
    Chapter Summary
    Problems
    AC NULL MEASUREMENTS
    Introduction
    Inductor Equivalent Circuits
    Capacitor Equivalent Circuits
    AC Operation of Wheatstone Bridges
    AC Bridges
    Chapter Summary
    Problems
    SURVEY OF SENSOR INPUT MECHANISMS
    Introduction
    Categories of Sensor Input Mechanisms
    Resistive Sensors
    Voltage Generating Sensors
    Sensors Based on Variable Magnetic Coupling
    Variable Capacitance Sensors
    Fiber Optic Sensors
    Photomultiplier Tubes and Related Electron Multiplication Devices
    Ionizing Radiation Sensors
    Electro-Chemical Sensors
    Electronic "Noses"
    Mechano-Optical Sensors
    Chapter Summary
    Problems
    APPLICATIONS OF SENSORS TO PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS
    Introduction
    Measurement of Angular Acceleration, Velocity, and Displacement
    Measurement of Linear Acceleration, Velocity, Displacement, and Position
    Measurement of Force and Torque
    Pressure Measurements
    Introduction to Substance Detection and Measuring Using Photons
    Temperature Measurements
    Chapter Summary
    Problems
    BASIC ELECTRICAL MEASUREMENTS
    Introduction
    DC Voltage Measurements
    Static Electric Fields and the Potential of Charged Surfaces Measurement
    DC Current Measurements
    AC Voltage Measurements
    AC Current Measurements
    Magnetic Field Measurements
    Phase Measurements
    Frequency and Period (Time) Measurements
    Resistance, Capacitance, and Inductance Measurement
    Vector Impedance Meters
    Chapter Summary
    Problems
    DIGITAL INTERFACES IN MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS
    Introduction
    The Sampling Theorem
    Quantization Noise
    Dithering
    Digital-to-Analog Converters
    The Hold Operation
    Analog-to-Digital Converters
    The IEEE-488 Instrumentation Bus (GPIB)
    Serial Data Communications Links
    The CAMAC (IEEE-583) Modular Instrumentation Standard, and the VXI Modular Instrumentation Architecture
    Effect of Transmission Lines on the Transfer of Digital Data
    Data Transmission on Fiber Optic Cables
    Virtual Instruments
    Chapter Summary
    Problems
    INTRODUCTION TO DIGITAL SIGNAL CONDITIONING
    Introduction
    Digital Filters and the z-Transform
    Some Simple DSP Algorithms
    Discrete and Fast Fourier Transforms and Their Applications
    Digital Routines for Interpolating Discrete Data
    Chapter Summary
    Problems
    EXAMPLES OF THE DESIGN OF MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS
    Introduction
    A Self-Nulling, Microdegree Polarimeter to Measure Glucose in Bioreactors
    Design of a System to Detect, Measure, and Locate Partial Discharges in High Voltage Coaxial Power Cables
    Design of a Closed Loop, Constant Phase, Pulsed Laser Ranging System and Velocimeter
    Design of Capacitive Sensors for the Detection of Hidden Objects
    Chapter Summary
    REFERENCES AND BIBLIOGRAPHY

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