An Introduction to Islamic Cosmological Doctrines / Edition 2

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Editorial Reviews

Writing from within the Islamic tradition, Nasr (Islamic studies, George Washington U.) examines classical Islamic cosmology, essentially unchanged from when it was formulated in the 10th and 11th centuries. He shows how Ikhwan al-Safa, al Biruni, and Ibn Sina combined the teaching of the Quran and the Prophet with elements of ancient philosophies and sciences to construct a view of creation. Paper edition (unseen), $14.95. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780791415160
  • Publisher: State University of New York Press
  • Publication date: 7/28/1993
  • Edition description: Revised Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 322
  • Sales rank: 1,250,228
  • Product dimensions: 6.06 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 0.88 (d)

Table of Contents

Foreword by H. A. R. Gibb

Preface to the Second Edition


List of Transliterations

Prologue--Islam and the Study of Nature

Cosmological Sciences and the Islamic Revelation
The Study of the Cosmological Sciences in Islamic History
The Intellectual Dimensions in Islam and the Class of Seekers of Knowledge


1. The Rasa'il of the Ikhwan al-Safa--Their Identity and Content

The Ikhwan and Philosophy
Identity and Significance of the Ikhwan
The Sources of the Rasa'il
The Organization of the Rasa'il

2. The Principles of the Study of the Cosmos and the Hierarchy of the Universe

The Pythagorean Notion of Arithmetic and Geometry
The Hierarchy of Being
The Relation between God and the Universe
The Universal Intellect and Soul
The Spheres and the Elements
Time, Space, and Motion
The Analogy of Microcosm and Macrocosm and the Great Chain of Being

3. The Individual Cosmological Sciences

Astronomy and Astrology
The World of Generation and Corruption
Geology and Geography
The Three Kingdoms

4. The Microcosm and Its Relation to the Universe


5. The Life, Works, and Significance of al-Biruni

6. The Creation of the World and Its Subsequent History

7. The Role of Nature and the Methods of Its Study

On Nature and Its Function
The Methods Used to Study Nature

8. The Universe and Its Parts

The Heavens
The Sublunary Region
Man and the World

9. The Wedding of Heaven and Earth in Astrology

Principles of Astrology
Al-Biruni and His Attitude Toward Astrology

10. The Attitude of al-Biruni Toward Philosophy and Learning

The Role of Learning in Islam


11. The Life and Works of Ibn Sina and His Significance

Ibn sina and the Islamic Religion

12. The Anatomy of Being

Being and its Polarizations
The Generation of the Universe
The Relation between God and the Universe

13. Principles of Natural Philosophy

Form and Matter
On Causes
Ibn Sina and the Study of Nature

14. The Universe, Man, and Their Relation

The Heavens
The World of Generation and Corruption
The Constitution of the Microcosm
Sympathy between Man and the Universe

15. Nature and the Visionary Recitals

Background and Setting of the Narrative Cycle


Appendix: Astrological Symbols

A Selected Bibliography

Supplementary Bibliography


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