Introduction to Modern Optics / Edition 2

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Overview

This incisive text provides a basic undergraduate-level course in modern optics for students in physics, technology and engineering. The first half of the book deals with classical physical optics; the second principally with the quantum nature of light. Chapters 1 and 2 treat the propagation of light waves, including the concepts of phase and group velocities, and the vectorial nature of light. Chapter 3 applies the concepts of partial coherence and coherence length to the study of interference, and Chapter 4 takes up multiple-beam interference and includes Fabry-Perot interferometry and multilayer-film theory. Diffraction and holography are the subjects of Chapter 5, and the propagation of light in material media (including crystal and nonlinear optics) are central to Chapter 6. Chapters 7 and 8 introduce the quantum theory of light and elementary optical spectra, and Chapter 9 explores the theory of light amplification and lasers. Chapter 10 briefly outlines ray optics in order to introduce students to the matrix method for treating optical systems and to apply the ray matrix to the study of laser resonators.
Many applications of the laser to the study of optics are integrated throughout the text. The author assumes students have had an intermediate course in electricity and magnetism and some advanced mathematics beyond calculus. For classroom use, a list of problems is included at the end of each chapter, with selected answers at the end of the book.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780486659572
  • Publisher: Dover Publications
  • Publication date: 6/1/1989
  • Series: Dover Books on Physics Series
  • Edition description: Unabridged
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 336
  • Sales rank: 537,332
  • Product dimensions: 5.44 (w) x 8.48 (h) x 0.64 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Chapter 1 The Propagation of Light
1.1 Elementary Optical Phenomena and the Nature of Light
1.2 Electrical Consants and the Speed of Light
1.3 Plane Harmonic Waves. Phase Velocity
1.4 Alternative Ways of Representing Harmonic Waves
1.5 Group Velocity
1.6 The Doppler Effect
Chapter 2 The Vectorial Nature of Light
2.1 General Remarks
2.2 Energy Flow. The Poynting Vector
2.3 Linear Polarization
2.4 Circular and Elliptic Polarization
2.5 Matrix Representation of Polarization. The Jones Calculus
2.6 Reflection and Refraction at a Plane Boundary
2.7 Amplitudes of Reflected and Refracted Waves. Fresnel's Equations
2.8 The Brewster Angle
2.9 The Evanescent Wave in Total Reflection
2.10 Phase Changes in Total Internal Reflection
2.11 Reflection Matrix
Chapter 3 Coherence and Interference
3.1 The Principle of Linear Superposition
3.2 Young's Experiment
3.3 The Michelson Interferometer
3.4 Theory of Partial Coherence. Visibility of Fringes
3.5 Coherence Time and Coherence Length
3.6 Spectral Resolution of a Finite Wave Train. Coherence and Line Width
3.7 Spatial Coherence
3.8 Intensity Interferometry
3.9 Fourier Transform Spectroscopy
Chapter 4 Multiple-Beam Interference
4.1 Interference with Multiple Beams
4.2 The Fabry-Perot Interferometer
4.3 Resolution of Fabry-Perot Instruments
4.4 Theory of Multilayer Films
Chapter 5 Diffraction
5.1 General Description of Diffraction
5.2 Fundamental Theory
5.3 Fraunhofer and Fresnel Diffraction
5.4 Fraunhofer Diffraction Patterns
5.5 Fresnel Diffraction Patterns
5.6 Applications of the Fourier Transform to Diffraction
5.7 Reconstruction of the Wave Front by Diffraction. Holography
Chapter 6 Optics of Solids
6.1 General Remarks
6.2 Macroscopic Fields and Maxwell's Equations
6.3 The General Wave Equation
6.4 Propagation of Light in Isotropic Dielectrics. Dispersion
6.5 Propagation of Light in Conducting Media
6.6 Reflection and Refraction at the Boundary of an Absorbing Medium
6.7 Propagation of Light in Crystals
6.8 Double Refraction at a Boundary
6.9 Optical Activity
6.10 Faraday Rotation in Solids
6.11 Other Magneto-optic and Electro-optic Effects
6.12 Nonlinear Optics
Chapter 7 Thermal Radiation and Light Quanta
7.1 Thermal Radiation
7.2 Kirchoff's Law. Blackbody Radiation
7.3 Modes of Electromagnetic Radiation in a Cavity
7.4 Classical Theory of Blackbody Radiation. The Rayleigh-Jeans Formula
7.5 Quantization of Cavity Radiation
7.6 Photon Statistics. Planck's Formula
7.7 The Photoelectric Effect and the Detection of Individual Photons
7.8 Momentum of a Photon. Light Pressure
7.9 Angular Momentum of a Photon
7.10 Wavelength of a Material Particle. de Broglie's Hypothesis
7.11 Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle
Chapter 8 Optical Spectra
8.1 General Remarks
8.2 Elementary Theory of Atomic Spectra
8.3 Quantum Mechanics
8.4 The Schrödinger Equation
8.5 Quantum Mechanics of the Hydrogen Atom
8.6 Radiative Transitions and Selection Rules
8.7 Fine Structure of Specturm Lines. Electron Spin
8.8 Multiplicity in the Spectra of Many-Electron Atoms. Spectroscopic Notation
8.9 Molecular Spectra
8.10 Atomic-Energy Levels in Solids
Chapter 9 Amplification of Light. Lasers
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Stimulated Emission and Thermal Radiation
9.3 Amplification in a Medium
9.4 Methods of Producing a Population Inversion
9.5 Laser Oscillation
9.6 Optical-Resonaor Theory
9.7 Gas Lasers
9.8 Optically Pumped Solid-State Lasers
9.9 Dye Lasers
9.10 Semiconductor Diode Lasers
9.11 Q-Switching and Mode Locking
9.12 The Ring Laser
Chapter 10 Ray Optics
10.1 Reflection and Refraction at a Spherical Surface
10.2 Lenses
10.3 Ray Eqauations
10.4 Ray Matrices and Ray Vectors
10.5 Periodic Lens Waveguides and Opical Resonators
Appendix I Relativistic Optics
1.1 The Michelson-Morley Experiment
1.2 Eindtein's Postulates of Special Relativity
1.3 Relativistic Effects in Optics
1.4 The Experiments of Sagnac and of Michelson and Gale to Detect Rotation
References
Answers to Selected Odd-Numbered Problems
Index
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Sort by: Showing all of 5 Customer Reviews
  • Posted February 23, 2013

    A very solid book, with a good range of topics

    My background in chemical physics (critical phenomena, ultrasonic absorption, scattering theory of molecular collisions, etc.) goes back to around the date this book was written....so that I had to rejuvenate my memories of the concepts in this book. While I never had to do serious optics works in my Ph. D. studies, and I need optics rather less now, I found the intellectual enterprise behind optics more intriguing than before, thanks to this book. At first, I thought that the book lacked balance - e.g., basic geometric optics is covered as somewhat of an afterthought, and the core of the book extended to topics that I thought were abstruse....until I read, by chance, the fine description of the clever way of measuring stellar diameters on pages 78-79. I then found Fowles' insightful way of describing radiation from a fluorescing atom as the radiation from a transition dipole in a semiclassical way on pages 245-246. I found more little gems in the book and ended up reading virtually all of it. I complemented its coverage with the contents of a couple of other books, to get a very satisfying view of optics, from classical geometric optics to the wealth of wave and quantum-mechanical phenomena. I think I grasp coherence now. That was some time coming!

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  • Anonymous

    Posted February 26, 2004

    used in EE grad school

    Early edition of this book was very helpful adjunct in EE antennas class. Also used it during early career in fiber optics with ITT Telecom about 20 years ago; 1st time seeing a 'natural'Fabry-Perot cavity in the form of what was then non-contacting FO connectors, an incidental effect but 'mysterious' until the FP-cavity effect confirmed; this book was very useful in that issue and also in other basic considerations such as coherence length & time in real FO systems. I currently have a copy of the Dover edition as well as the original HB. Unlike some Dover material this book is worth more than the Dover price-- a good buy!

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  • Anonymous

    Posted February 12, 2003

    excellent text

    Light is special to us not only because we are puzzled as to its nature and how it interacts, but because the presence of light inspires us to create. The more we see, with our eyes and with our minds, the more we want to communicate and express. This book does not focus on the angle of reflection-- but the question, 'What is light?'

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  • Anonymous

    Posted September 20, 2001

    Not for everyone

    This is not an introductory book. It is only useful for students already familiar with optics and EM waves. The book is too brief in many instances and completely fails to give any intuitive feel of the material. Many of the critical derivations of equations are 'left as exercises' for the student. Book is not awful, but not recommended for anyone but the devoted student who wishes to struggle through the material.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted November 19, 2000

    Great Introductory Book

    This book gives clear physical pictures in classical optics. Equations and mathematics are adquet and straitfoward. Great for people who want to know what Optics is all about and build a nice foundation toward further study.

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