Introduction to Modern Power Electronics / Edition 2

Introduction to Modern Power Electronics / Edition 2

by Andrzej M. Trzynadlowski
     
 

Over the past decade, the field of power electronics has seen a surge of new trends and novel applications-from the growing significance of PWM rectifiers and multilevel inverters to the widespread use of power converters in electric and hybrid vehicles and renewable energy systems. This new edition of Introduction to Modern Power Electronics provides comprehensive

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Overview

Over the past decade, the field of power electronics has seen a surge of new trends and novel applications-from the growing significance of PWM rectifiers and multilevel inverters to the widespread use of power converters in electric and hybrid vehicles and renewable energy systems. This new edition of Introduction to Modern Power Electronics provides comprehensive coverage of everything from the basic principles and methods of electronic power conversion to the latest developments in the field.

More concise and user-friendly than other textbooks on the subject, this streamlined guide presents essential material that can be covered easily in a one-semester course. It defines the basic types of power conversion and control, presents the electronic converters that process power for a variety of applications, and describes the various semiconductor power switches and complementary components and systems of the converters. This Second Edition also features:

In-depth discussions of all power conversion types: ac-to-dc, ac-to-ac, dc-to-dc, and dc-to-ac

An overview of advanced control methods used in today's power electronic converters

A new chapter on the applications of power electronics in clean energy systems

An extensive body of examples, exercises, computer assignments, and simulations

An Instructor's Manual with solutions to all problems

In addition, a companion set of forty-eight PSpice text files of typical power conversion circuits is available online, constituting a virtual laboratory of power electronics. This valuable teaching tool contains models of most of the converters covered in the book, giving students the opportunity to tinker with the converters and see how they actually work.

Ideal for undergraduate students specializing in electrical engineering, industrial engineering, or renewable energy, Introduction to Modern Power Electronics is also a handy reference tool for graduate students and practicing engineers.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780470401033
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
03/15/2010
Pages:
456
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.40(h) x 1.10(d)

Meet the Author

ANDRZEJ M. TRZYNADLOWSKI is Professor at the Department of Electrical and Biomedical Engineering, University of Nevada, Reno. He has published extensively in the areas of power electronics and electric drives, maintaining fruitful collaboration with a number of universities around the world. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE); a member of the Industrial Power Converters Committee and Industrial Drives Committee of the IEEE Industry Applications Society; and an Associate Editor of the IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics and IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii

1 Principles and Methods of Electric Power Conversion 1

1.1 What Is Power Electronics? 1

1.2 Generic Power Converter 3

1.3 Waveform Components and Figures of Merit 8

1.4 Phase Control 17

1.5 Pulse Width Modulation 22

1.6 Calculation of Current Waveforms 30

1.6.1 Analytical Solution 31

1.6.2 Numerical Solution 36

1.6.3 Practical Examples: Single-Phase Diode Rectifiers 39

1.7 Summary 44

Example 44

Problems 52

Computer Assignments 54

Literature 57

2 Semiconductor Power Switches 59

2.1 General Properties of Semiconductor Power Switches 59

2.2 Power Diodes 61

2.3 Semicontrolled Switches 65

2.3.1 SCRs 66

2.3.2 Triacs 69

2.4 Fully Controlled Switches 71

2.4.1 GTOs 71

2.4.2 IGCTs 72

2.4.3 Power BJTs 72

2.4.4 Power MOSFETs 76

2.4.5 IGBTs 78

2.5 Comparison of Semiconductor Power Switches 80

2.6 Power Modules 82

2.7 Summary 85

Literature 86

3 Supplementary Components and Systems 87

3.1 What Are Supplementary Components and Systems? 87

3.2 Drivers 88

3.2.1 Drivers for SCRs, Triacs, and BCTs 88

3.2.2 Drivers for GTOs and IGCTs 90

3.2.3 Drivers for BJTs 91

3.2.4 Drivers for Power MOSFETs and IGBTs 93

3.3 Overcurrent Protection Schemes 95

3.4 Snubbers 97

3.4.1 Snubbers for Power Diodes, SCRs, and Triacs 102

3.4.2 Snubbers for GTOs and IGCTs 102

3.4.3 Snubbers for Transistors 103

3.4.4 Energy Recovery from Snubbers 104

3.5 Filters 107

3.6 Cooling 109

3.7 Control 110

3.8 Summary 113

Literature 113

4 AC-to-DC Converters 115

4.1 Diode Rectifiers 115

4.1.1 Three-Pulse Diode Rectifier 115

4.1.2 Six-Pulse Diode Rectifier 117

4.2 Phase-Controlled Rectifiers 130

4.2.1 Phase-Controlled Six-Pulse Rectifier 131

4.2.2 Dual Converters 144

4.3 PWM Rectifiers 149

4.3.1 Impact of Input Filter 150

4.3.2 Principles of Pulse Width Modulation 151

4.3.3 Current-Type PWM Rectifier 158

4.3.4 Voltage-Type PWM Rectifier 164

4.4 Device Selection for Rectifiers 175

4.5 Common Applications of Rectifiers 176

4.6 Summary 180

Examples 181

Problems 187

Computer Assignments 189

Literature 191

5 AC-to-AC Converters 192

5.1 AC Voltage Controllers 192

5.1.1 Phase-Controlled Single-Phase AC Voltage Controller 192

5.1.2 Phase-Controlled Three-Phase AC Voltage Controllers 199

5.1.3 PWM AC Voltage Controllers 209

5.2 Cycloconverters 212

5.3 Matrix Converters 218

5.4 Device Selection for AC-to-AC Converters 227

5.5 Common Applications of AC-to-AC Converters 228

5.6 Summary 229

Examples 230

Problems 234

Computer Assignments 236

Literature 237

6 DC-to-DC Converters 238

6.1 Static DC Switches 238

6.2 Step-Down Choppers 241

6.2.1 First-Quadrant Chopper 243

6.2.2 Second-Quadrant Chopper 247

6.2.3 First-and-Second-Quadrant Chopper 249

6.2.4 First-and-Fourth-Quadrant Chopper 251

6.2.5 Four-Quadrant Chopper 253

6.3 Step-Up Chopper 256

6.4 Current Control in Choppers 258

6.5 Device Selection for Choppers 258

6.6 Common Applications of Choppers 261

6.7 Summary 262

Example 263

Problems 265

Computer Assignments 267

Literature 268

7 DC-to-AC Converters 269

7.1 Voltage-Source Inverters 269

7.1.1 Single-Phase Voltage-Source Inverter 270

7.1.2 Three-Phase Voltage-Source Inverter 281

7.1.3 Voltage Control Techniques for Voltage-Source Inverters 288

7.1.4 Current Control Techniques for Voltage-Source Inverters 300

7.2 Current-Source Inverters 308

7.2.1 Three-Phase Square-Wave Current-Source Inverter 308

7.2.2 Three-Phase PWM Current-Source Inverter 311

7.3 Multilevel Inverters 315

7.4 Soft-Switching Inverters 322

7.5 Device Selection for Inverters 330

7.6 Common Applications of Inverters 333

7.7 Summary 341

Examples 341

Problems 348

Computer Assignments 349

Literature 351

8 Switching Power Supplies 353

8.1 Basic Types of Switching Power Supplies 353

8.2 Nonisolated Switched-Mode DC-to-DC Converters 354

8.2.1 Buck Converter 355

8.2.2 Boost Converter 358

8.2.3 Buck-Boost Converter 361

8.2.4 Ĉuk Converter 363

8.2.5 SEPIC and Zeta Converters 367

8.2.6 Comparison of Nonisolated Switched-Mode DC-to-DC Converters 368

8.3 Isolated Switched-Mode DC-to-DC Converters 371

8.3.1 Single-Switch Isolated DC-to-DC Converters 371

8.3.2 Multiple-Switch Isolated DC-to-DC Converters 375

8.3.3 Comparison of Isolated Switched-Mode DC-to-DC Converters 378

8.4 Resonant DC-to-DC Converters 379

8.4.1 Quasi-Resonant Converters 379

8.4.2 Load-Resonant Converters 384

8.4.3 Comparison of Resonant DC-to-DC Converters 390

8.5 Summary 391

Examples 392

Problems 395

Computer Assignments 397

Literature 398

9 Power Electronics and Clean Energy 399

9.1 Why Is Power Electronics Indispensable in Clean Energy Systems? 399

9.2 Solar and Wind Renewable Energy Systems 401

9.2.1 Solar Energy Systems 401

9.2.2 Wind Energy Systems 404

9.3 Fuel Cell Energy Systems 409

9.4 Electric and Hybrid Cars 411

9.5 Power Electronics and Energy Conservation 416

9.6 Summary 417

Literature 417

Appendix A PSpice Simulations 418

Appendix B Fourier Series 422

Appendix C Three-Phase Systems 426

Index 431

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