Introduction to Nuclear Science

Introduction to Nuclear Science

by Jeff C. Bryan
     
 

ISBN-10: 142006164X

ISBN-13: 9781420061642

Pub. Date: 07/15/2008

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

There are many excellent nuclear chemistry textbooks available for teaching science or engineering seniors or graduate students, but very few for those lacking a more extensive science and math background. And many of them are slipping out of date. Clearly, a more appropriate text is necessary. Introduction to Nuclear Science provides a much-needed textbook

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Overview

There are many excellent nuclear chemistry textbooks available for teaching science or engineering seniors or graduate students, but very few for those lacking a more extensive science and math background. And many of them are slipping out of date. Clearly, a more appropriate text is necessary. Introduction to Nuclear Science provides a much-needed textbook for those seeking a more accessible introduction to the topic.

Simple in its concept but elegant in its execution, the book provides a complete introduction to nuclear chemistry and physics, including fundamental concepts, relevant mathematics, current applications, and health issues. The author covers energetics, radioactive decay, nuclear reactions, interactions of radiation with matter, detection methods, and safety measures, including monitoring and regulations. The text also includes material relevant to medical professionals generating and using ionizing radiation for diagnostics and therapy. It provides a balanced view of important contemporary topics such as nuclear power, weapons, and food/mail irradiation.

The text is classroom tested and the author assumes his audience has a limited science and math background that includes some knowledge of algebra and general chemistry. The book not only helps educators teaching nuclear science to undergraduates without a calculus prerequisite, but fills the coming need to educate a new generation of workers in the nuclear industry. The text is also useful to scientists making a career move to the growing nuclear industry.

This volume works well in conjunction with other CRC lab manuals. Check out Experiments in Nuclear Science.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781420061642
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
07/15/2008
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
264
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION
Radiation
Atomic Structure
Nuclear Transformations
Nuclear Stability
Ionizing Radiation
A Biological Threat?
The Chart of the Nuclides
THE MATHEMATICS OF RADIOACTIVE DECAY
Atomic Masses and Average Atomic Masses
The Nature of Decay
Specific Activity
Dating
Branched Decay
Equilibria
Secular Equilibrium
Transient Equilibrium
No Equilibrium
Statistics
ENERGY AND THE NUCLEUS
Binding Energy
Total Energy of Decay
Decay Diagrams
RADIOACTIVE DECAY: THE GORY DETAILS
Alpha Decay
Beta Decay
Positron Decay
Electron Capture
Multiple Decay Modes
The Valley of Beta Stability
Isomeric Transitions
Other Decay Modes
Spontaneous Fission
Cluster Decay
Double Beta Decay
Delayed Particle Emissions
INTERACTIONS OF IONIZING RADIATION WITH MATTER
Ionizing Radiation
Charged Particles
Photons
Compton Scattering
The Photoelectric Effect
Pair Production
Attenuation of X- and g-Radiation
DETECTION OF IONIZING RADIATION
Gas-Filled Detectors
Ionization Chambers
Proportional Counters
Geiger-Müller Tubes
Scintillation Detectors
Photomultiplier Tubes
Inorganic Scintillators
Organic Scintillators
Semiconductor Detectors
Thermoluminescent Dosimeters
Gamma Spectroscopy
NUCLEAR REACTIONS
Energetics
Cross Section
Yield
Accelerators
Cosmogenic Nuclides
FISSION AND FUSION
Spontaneous Fission
Neutron-Induced Fission
Fusion
Stellar Nucleosynthesis
Synthesis of Unknown Elements
NUCLEAR REACTORS AND WEAPONS
Fission Reactors
Reactor Safety
Nuclear Waste
Cost of Nuclear Power
Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
Fusion Reactors
Nuclear Weapons
Fission Weapons
Thermonuclear Devices
Neutron Bomb
Bunker Buster
Dirty Bombs
NUCLEAR MEDICINE
Radionuclide Production
Radiopharmaceuticals
Radiotracers
RADIATION THERAPY AND FOOD IRRADIATION
Radiation Therapy
Food Irradiation
RADIATION PROTECTION
Terms
Regulations and Recommendations
Risk
X-RAY PRODUCTION
Conventional X-ray Beams
High-Energy X-ray Beams
Appendix A: Useful Constants, Conversion Factors and Formulas
Appendix B: Periodic Table of the Elements
Appendix C: Table of Chi-Squared

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