Introduction to Occupation: The Art of Science and Living / Edition 2

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The second edition of Introduction to Occupation: The Art and Science of Living, presents the latest knowledge about occupation so that each of us around the world may understand how to seize and harvest our days for health, well-being, happiness and the development of more just and peaceful societies. Introduction to Occupation will appeal to any student, practitioner, researcher or educator with an interest in everyday life. Practical as well as conceptual, this book challenges readers to look beyond occupation as just “work” to include all the ways in which we occupy ourselves—showing how what we do forms our lifestyle, and how occupations are enfolded to create a balanced or unbalanced style of life. Broad in perspective, it explores both informal and formal ways for studying occupation, provides a model and framework for studying occupational development across the lifespan, and considers issues and insights surrounding a variety of "occupational" topics.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780131999428
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
  • Publication date: 2/18/2009
  • Series: Pearson Custom Health Professions Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 456
  • Sales rank: 765,366
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 An Introduction to Occupation by Charles Christiansen & Elizabeth Townsend

Chapter Profile


Understanding the Complexity of Occupation

How Do You Occupy Your Time?

What Occupies You?

Occupations Create Meaning

What Is Your Occupation?

How Does Context Determine What People Do (And When)?

Biological Factors

Psychological Factors

Contextual Factors

Occupations, Health, Well-Being and Participation in Society

Chapter Summary


Chapter 2 Cultural Perspectives on Occupations by Michael Iwama

Chapter Profile


Relativism and the Consequences of Culture

Culture in Time and Place

Culture as Shared Experience and Meanings

Science as Culture and Context for Occupational Knowledge

Situated Constructions of Occupation: A Cultural Example

Particular World Views: East Asian Views of the Cosmos

An Examination of the East Asian Version of the Cosmological Myth

Vertifical and Horizontal Social Indexing

Vertical Social Indexing

Horizontal Social Indexing

Inter-dependence and “Amae”


Chapter 3 The Study of Occupation by Helene Polatajko

Chapter Profile


Ways of Knowing

Understanding the Who, What, When, Where, How and Why of Occupation

Disciplinary Ways of Knowing

Paradigms for Inquiry

Paradigms for the Study of Occupation

Methods of Inquiry for the Study of Occupation

The Question

Design and Data Collection Methods

Understanding Who

Understanding What

Understanding When

Understanding Where

Understanding How

Understanding Why

Chapter Summary



Chapter 4 What Is Occupation? Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Defining and Classifying Human Activity by Jennifer Jarman

Chapter Profile


Occupation in Occupational Therapy and Occupational Science

Occupation in the Social Sciences

Occupation in Government Statistics

Chapter Summary



Chapter 5 What Do People Do? By Andrew Harvey & Wendy Pentland

Chapter Profile


The Structure of Daily Occupations

Conceptualizing What People Do

Four Types of Occupations: Necessary, Contracted, Committed, Free Time

Occupational Roles

Life Projects

Meaning of Activities and Occupations

Factors Influencing What People Do: Intrinsic, Extrinsic

Dimensions of Occupational Behavior

Contextual Constraints Influencing Occupational Behavour

Why Study What People Do?

How Do We Find Out What People Do?

What Do People Do?

Time Use Across Countries Over Time

Time Use Across Sub-populations

The Context of Doing

Secondary Activity and Occupation

Chapter Summary


Chapter 6 Occupational Development by Jane Davis & Helene Polatajko

Chapter Profile


An Occupational Perspective on Development

An Occupational Perspective

A Perspective on Development

Interactionism as a Framework for Occupational Development

An Interactionist Definition of Occupational Development

An Interactional Model of Occupational Development

Chapter Summary



Chapter 7 The Occupational Nature of Social Groups by Charles Christiansen & Elizabeth Townsend

Chapter Profile


What Makes Communities Inherently Social and Occupational? Experiencing Shared Occupations

How and Why Did Group Living Develop? Evolutionary Highlights in Developing the Occupational Nature of Social Groups

How and Why Do Occupations Determine a Social Group’s Potential to Flounder or Flourish?

Chapter Summary


Chapter 8 Occupational Transitions: Work to Retirement by Hans Jonsson

Chapter Profile


Retirement as an Occupational Transition

Attitudes to Retirement

Leaving Work for Retirement — Why are you Leaving?

Different Directions in Retirement Narratives

Going into Retirement — Why are you Entering?

The Paradox of Freedom

Gliding Into a Slower Rhythm of Life

Change in Meaning

Two Types of Retirement Narratives — To Get Time or To Kill Time

Engaging Occupation For a Good Life as Retiree

Cultural Images of Retirement


Chapter 9 Occupational Balance and Well-Being by Catherine Backman

Chapter Profile


Occupational Balance

Origins in Occupational Therapy

Occupational Imbalance

Work — Life Balance

Work — Life Conflict and Role Overload

Lifestyle Balance

Is Occupational Balance Achievable?

Occupational Balance, Health and Well-Being

Chapter Summary


Chapter 10 Occupations and Places by Tobi Ballou Hamilton

Chapter Profile


Understanding Place

Occupations as Experiences in Places

How Places Influence Occupation

Places as Environments for Learning, Play and Safety

How Occupations Influence Places

Place, Occupations, and Well-Being

Chapter Summary


Chapter 11 Work, Occupation and Leisure by Jiri Zuzanek

Chapter Profile


Empirical Support for the Work-Leisure Relationship Scenarios

Leisure and Occupation

Long Hours of Work, Time Crunch, and Leisure

Chapter Summary


Chapter 12 Occupational Deprivation: Understanding Limited Participation by Gail Whiteford

Chapter Profile


Defining Occupational Deprivation

Identifying Barriers to Participation: Five Illustrations of Occupational Deprivation

Geographic Isolation

Problem Conditions of Employment


Sex-Role Stereotyping


Disability and Occupational Deprivation

Using an Occupational Justice Framework to Address Occupational Deprivation

Chapter Summary


Suggested Readings

Chapter 13 Occupational Justice by Robin Stadnyk, Elizabeth Townsend & Ann Wilcock

Chapter Profile


Defining Occupational Justice

Ideas About Justice

An Evolving Theory of Occupational Justice

Distinctions Between Occupational and Social Justice

Using Stories to Consider an Exploratory Theory of Occupational Justice

Chapter Summary



Chapter 14 Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy: Occupation at Centre Stage by Matthew Molineux

Chapter Profile

Occupational Therapy

A Brief Historical Overview

Occupation in Practice

Occupational Science

What is Occupational Science?

Occupational Science Research

The Relationship Between the Science and Therapy



Chapter 15 Globalization and Occupation: Perspectives from Japan, South Africa, and Japan by Eric Asaba, Alfred Ramukumba, Annah Lesunyani, & Simon Kam Man Wong

Chapter Profile


An Occupational Perspective from Japan


Observations from Japanese Psychiatry

Activity, Time Use, and Technological Trends

Reflections on Past, Present, and Future


An Occupational Perspective from South Africa

Diverse Cultural Contexts

Occupational Choices

Common Occupations Among South Africans

Occupations Creating Communities

Community Development Occupations

Current and Future Possible Occupations in the South African Context

An Occupational Perspective from Hong Kong, China


Typical Occupations in Hong Kong

Technology and Occupation

Globalization and Occupation

Political, Socioeconomic Environment and Occupation


Chapter Summary


Answers to Study Guide Questions


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