An Introduction to Our Dynamic Planet

An Introduction to Our Dynamic Planet

by Nick Rogers, Stephen Blake, Kevin Burton, Mike Widdowson
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521494249

ISBN-13: 9780521494243

Pub. Date: 02/14/2008

Publisher: The Open University

This is the first undergraduate textbook to fully integrate results from geophysics, geochemistry, and petrology to describe the structure, composition, and dynamic processes that operate throughout the solid Earth. It presents an Earth system science approach to studies of the Earth's interior and develops a global view of solid Earth cycles to explain geodynamic

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Overview

This is the first undergraduate textbook to fully integrate results from geophysics, geochemistry, and petrology to describe the structure, composition, and dynamic processes that operate throughout the solid Earth. It presents an Earth system science approach to studies of the Earth's interior and develops a global view of solid Earth cycles to explain geodynamic and plate tectonic processes. This book initially explores the formation and evolution of the early Earth, then considers the operative forces for plate tectonic movements at the Earth's surface, and finally discusses global cycles within the deep Earth and their effect on the surface environment. Interactions between the geosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere, and their influence at and beneath the Earth's surface are examined in detail. This textbook thus provides a concise yet extensive coverage of the solid Earth. Written for intermediate undergraduates, it includes a wealth of features to support student learning at this level.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521494243
Publisher:
The Open University
Publication date:
02/14/2008
Pages:
390
Product dimensions:
8.27(w) x 9.29(h) x 1.06(d)

Table of Contents

Ch. 1 An Introduction to the Structure and Composition of the Earth Nick Rogers Rogers, Nick

1.1 Planet Earth is unique

1.2 The structure of the Earth

1.3 The Sun, meteorites and the bulk composition of the Earth

1.4 The composition of Earth layers

1.5 The Earth's crust: continents and oceans

Ch. 2 The Early Earth Kevin Burton Burton, Kevin Nick Rogers Rogers, Nick

2.1 Heating and differentiation of the Earth

2.2 The age of the Earth and its layers

2.3 The Moon

2.4 Origins of the atmosphere and the hydrosphere

2.5 The earliest continents

Ch. 3 Plate Tectonics Mike Widdowson Widdowson, Mike Nick Rogers Rogers, Nick

3.1 From continental drift to plate tectonics

3.2 The theory of plate tectonics

3.3 Plate tectonic motion

3.4 Plate driving forces

3.5 Implications of plate tectonics

Ch. 4 Processes at Constructive Plate Boundaries Stephen Blake Blake, Stephen

4.1 The structure and composition of oceanic lithosphere

4.2 Rocks and minerals in the upper mantle

4.3 Experiments with peridotite

4.4 Why does partial melting happen?

4.5 Magma generation at constructive plate boundaries

4.6 From mantle to crust

4.7 Interactions with the oceans

Ch. 5 Processes at Destructive Plate Boundaries Ian Parkinson Parkinson, Ian

5.1 Anatomy of a subduction zone

5.2 Geophysical observations

5.3 Thermal structure of subduction zones

5.4 Applying the thermal models to melt production

5.5 The composition of island-arc magmas

5.6 Evolution of arc magmas

5.7 Trace elements and magmagenesis

5.8 The trace-element composition of island-arc magmas

5.9 Subduction zones and recycling

Ch. 6 Processes During Continental Collision Nigel Harris Harris,Nigel

6.1 Heating of the continental crust

6.2 Formation of granites from melting of the continental crust

6.3 The India-Asia collision

6.4 Metamorphism and melting in the Himalaya

6.5 Modelling the Himalayan orogen

Ch. 7 The Deep Mantleand Global Cycles Ian Parkinson Parkinson, Ian Nick Rogers Rogers, Nick

7.1 Discontinuities in the deep Earth

7.2 The mineralogy of the deep mantle

7.3 Seismic tomography

7.4 Seismic tomographic images

7.5 Mantle convection

7.6 Intra-plate volcanism: the Hawaiian connection

7.7 The water cycle in the solid Earth

Ch. 8 The Continental Crust Nick Rogers Rogers, Nick

8.1 Reversible cycles and irreversible processes

8.2 How continental crust is formed

8.3 The composition of the continental crust

8.4 Crustal evolution through time

Answers to Questions

Appendices

A The elements

B SI fundamental and derived units

C The Greek alphabet

D Enlarged figures

Glossary

Further Reading

Sources of Figures, Data and Tables

Index

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