An Introduction to Particle Physics and the Standard Model / Edition 1

An Introduction to Particle Physics and the Standard Model / Edition 1

by Robert Mann
     
 

An Introduction to the Standard Model of Particle Physics familiarizes readers with what is considered tested and accepted and in so doing, gives them a grounding in particle physics in general. Whenever possible, Dr. Mann takes an historical approach showing how the model is linked to the physics that most of us have learned in less challenging areas. Dr.

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Overview

An Introduction to the Standard Model of Particle Physics familiarizes readers with what is considered tested and accepted and in so doing, gives them a grounding in particle physics in general. Whenever possible, Dr. Mann takes an historical approach showing how the model is linked to the physics that most of us have learned in less challenging areas. Dr. Mann reviews special relativity and classical mechanics, symmetries, conservation laws, and particle classification; then working from the tested paradigm of the model itself, he:

  • Describes the Standard Model in terms of its electromagnetic, strong, and weak components
  • Explores the experimental tools and methods of particle physics
  • Introduces Feynman diagrams, wave equations, and gauge invariance, building up to the theory of Quantum Electrodynamics
  • Describes the theories of the Strong and Electroweak interactions
  • Uncovers frontier areas and explores what might lie beyond our current concepts of the subatomic world

Those who work through the material will develop a solid command of the basics of particle physics. The book does require a knowledge of special relativity, quantum mechanics, and electromagnetism, but most importantly it requires a hunger to understand at the most fundamental level: why things exist and how it is that anything happens. This book will prepare students and others for further study, but most importantly it will prepare them to open their minds to the mysteries that lie ahead. Ultimately, the Large Hadron Collider may prove the model correct, helping so many realize their greatest dreams … or it might poke holes in the model, leaving us to wonder an even more exciting possibility: that the answers lie in possibilities so unique that we have not even dreamt of them.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781420082982
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
11/20/2009
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
614
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.30(d)

Meet the Author

Table of Contents

Preface

Acknowledgements

Further Reading

Introduction and Overview

Methods of Study

Overview

The Standard Model

Questions

A Review of Special Relativity

Basic Review of Relativity

Spacetime Structure

Momentum and Energy

Collisions

Questions

Symmetries

Groups

Lie Groups

Algebras

The Rotation Group SO(3)

Appendix: Lie Algebras from Lie Groups

Questions

Conservation Laws

The Action Principle

Noether's Theorem

Spacetime Symmetries and their Noether currents

Symmetries and Quantum Mechanics

Summary

Questions

Particle Classfication

General Considerations

Basic Classfication

Spectroscopic Notation

Adding Angular Momenta

Questions

Discrete Symmetries

Parity

Time-reversal

Charge Conjugation

Positronium

The CPT Theorem

Questions

Accelerators

DC Voltage Machines

Linacs

Synchrotrons

Colliders

The Future of Accelerators

Questions

Detectors

Energy Transfer and Deposition

Detector Types

Modern Collider Detectors

Questions

Scattering

Lifetimes

Resonances

Cross Sections

Matrix Elements

2-body Formulae

Detailed Balance Revisited

Questions

A Toy Theory

Feynman Rules

A-Decay

Scattering in the Toy Theory

Higher-order Diagrams

Appendix: n-dimensional integration

Questions

Wave Equations for Elementary Particles

Klein-Gordon Equation

Dirac Equation

Physical Interpretation

Antiparticles

Appendix: The Lorentz Group and its Representations

Questions

Gauge Invariance

Solutions to the Dirac Equation

Conserved Current

The Gauge Principle

The Maxwell-Dirac Equations

The Wavefunction of the Photon

Questions

Quantum Electrodynamics

Feynman Rules for QED

Examples

Obtaining Cross Sections

Appendix: Mathematical Tools for QED

Questions

Testing QED

Basic Features of QED Scattering

Major Tests of QED

Questions

From Nuclei to Quarks

Range of the Nuclear Force

Isospin

Strangeness

Flavor

Color

Questions

The Quark Model

Baryons

Mesons

Mass Relations

Magnetic Moments

Questions

Testing the Quark Model

Vector-Meson Decay

Hadron Production

Elastic Scattering of Electrons and Protons

Deep Inelastic Scattering

Quark Model Predictions

Quark Structure Functions

Questions

Heavy Quarks and QCD

Charm

Bottom

Top

QCD

Appendix: QCD and Yang-Mills Theory

Questions

From Beta Decay to Weak Interactions

Fermi's Theory of Beta-Decay

Neutrino Properties

Kaon Oscillation

Questions

Charged Leptonic Weak Interactions

Neutrino-Electron Scattering

Muon Decay

Appendix: Mathematical Tools for Weak Interactions

Appendix: 3-body phase space decay

Questions

Charged Weak Interactions of Quarks and Leptons

Neutron Decay

Pion Decay

Quark and Lepton Vertices

The GIM Mechanism

The CKM Matrix

Questions

Electroweak Unfication

Neutral Currents

Electroweak Neutral Scattering Processes

The SU(2) _ U(1) Model

Questions

Electroweak Symmetry Breaking

The Higgs Mechanism

Breaking the SU(2) Symmetry

Fermion Masses

Appendix: Feynman Rules for Electroweak Theory

Questions

Testing Electroweak Theory

Discovery of the W and Z bosons

Lepton Universality and Running Coupling

The Search for the Higgs

Questions

Beyond the Standard Model

Neutrino Oscillation

Neutrino Experiments

Neutrino Masses and Mixing Angles

Axions and the Neutron Electric Dipole Moment

Frontiers

Summing Up

Questions

Notation and Conventions

Natural Units

Relativistic Notation

Greek Alphabet

Kronecker Delta and Levi-Civita Symbols

Kronecker Delta

Levi-Civita Symbol

Dirac Delta-Functions

Pauli and Dirac Matrices

Pauli Matrices

Dirac Matrices

Identities and Trace Theorems

Cross-Sections and Decay Rates

Decays

Cross-Sections

Clebsch-Gordon Coefficients

Fundamental Constants

Properties of Elementary Particles

Feynman Rules for the Standard Model

The Large Hadron Rap

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