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An Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology / Edition 3

An Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology / Edition 3

by John Clark, Collin Yallop, Janet Fletcher, Janet Fletcher, Colin Yallop

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ISBN-10: 1405130830

ISBN-13: 9781405130837

Pub. Date: 01/28/2007

Publisher: Wiley

Now available in a fully revised third edition, this comprehensive introduction to phonetics and phonology familiarizes the reader with detailed knowledge of articulatory and acoustic phonetics as well as the foundations of phonological analysis. Featuring numerous figures throughout, it assumes no prior knowledge of the subject.

The new edition contains a number


Now available in a fully revised third edition, this comprehensive introduction to phonetics and phonology familiarizes the reader with detailed knowledge of articulatory and acoustic phonetics as well as the foundations of phonological analysis. Featuring numerous figures throughout, it assumes no prior knowledge of the subject.

The new edition contains a number of valuable changes, including:

  • Updated chapters on the anatomy, physiology, and acoustics of speech production, which include recent research findings
  • A thorough revision of the chapter on speech perception
  • An expanded chapter on prosody, including a major section on autosegmental-metrical models of intonation
  • Additional material on theoretical phonology, including a new section on constraint-based theories, including Optimality Theory

Integrating new findings, theories, and references, the third edition of An Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology is the most thorough and complete resource on the subject to date.

Product Details

Publication date:
Blackwell Textbooks in Linguistics Series
Edition description:
Product dimensions:
6.80(w) x 9.70(h) x 1.02(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

List of Figures     x
List of Tables     xiv
Preface to the Third Edition     xv
List of Abbreviations     xvi
Introduction     1
Phonetics and phonology     1
Theory and analysis     4
Applications of phonetics and phonology     6
Outline of this book     7
Exercises     9
Segmental Articulation     10
Introduction     10
A functional overview of the speech production process     11
The organs of speech     15
Describing speech sounds     16
Airstream mechanisms     16
Modes of phonation     19
Vocalic sounds     22
Duration and glide in vocalic articulations     32
Consonantal sounds     36
Vocal tract place     38
Tongue position     41
Manner of articulation     43
Stricture     49
Force     51
Length     51
Voice onset     52
Exercises     53
Units of Speech     55
Introduction     55
Identifying the units of speech     56
Complexarticulations     61
Nasalization     62
Labialization     63
Palatalization     64
Velarization and pharyngealization     64
Affrication     65
Double articulation     65
Vowel retroflexion     66
Diphthongization     66
Syllabicity     67
Segmentation and structure     69
Diphthongs and related phenomena     71
Interpretations     74
Exercises     79
The Phonemic Organization of Speech     81
Introduction     81
Phonetic variability     81
The phoneme     90
Allophones     93
Phonemic norms     98
Pattern and symmetry     99
Phonological reality     103
Units and boundaries     105
Invariance and overlap     107
Biuniqueness and neutralization     109
Morphophonemic alternations     114
Free variation     116
The sounds of the world's languages     118
Exercises     124
The Generative Approach to Phonology     126
Introduction     126
The origins of generative phonology     126
The sound pattern of English     129
Basic rule notation in generative phonology     131
Formalism and evaluation     137
Abbreviatory devices in rule notation     139
Rule order     145
Functional considerations     148
Naturalness and markedness     152
Abstractness     154
Exercises     157
The Anatomy and Physiology of Speech Production     159
Introduction     159
Conventions of anatomical description     160
The nervous system     162
The respiratory system     168
The larynx     175
Phonation     184
The pharynx     190
The velum and the nasal cavity     191
The oral cavity     194
The tongue     195
The lips     198
The mandible     200
Exercises     202
The Acoustics of Speech Production     204
Introduction     204
The nature of sound     205
The propagation of sound     207
Simple harmonie motion     207
Complex vibrations      213
Resonance     216
Basic amplitude properties of sound waves     219
Time domain properties of sound waves     223
Frequency domain properties of sound waves     224
Some basic perceptual properties of sound waves     230
The acoustic model of speech production     233
Phonation as a sound source     234
Sources of frication     238
The vocal tract filter in vowel production     240
Spectrographic analysis of speech     249
Acoustic properties of vowel quality     261
The vocal tract filter in consonant production     272
The acoustic properties of consonants in syllables     278
The relationship between articulatory and acoustic properties of speech production     288
Acoustic features of prosody     292
Exercises     296
Speech Perception     297
Introduction     297
The auditory system     298
Psychophysical properties of the auditory system     301
Speech intelligibility     304
Acoustic-phonetic perception     308
Vowel perception     311
Consonant perception     313
Units of perception      314
Prosodic perception     318
Word recognition     320
Models of speech perception     321
Conclusion     324
Exercises     324
Prosody     326
Introduction     326
The phonetic basis of suprasegmentals     330
The systemic organization of prosody     337
Tone languages     342
Pitch-accent languages     347
Stress in English     349
Stress assignment     354
Intonation in English     359
Tones and break indices     364
Exercises     370
Feature Systems     372
Introduction     372
Acoustic features     373
Articulatory features     374
Perceptual features     375
Distinctive features     376
Cover features     377
Abstract features     379
Accuracy and universality     380
Universal feature systems     384
Features and discreteness     385
Hierarchical organization of features     386
Feature geometry     389
Overview     391
Exercises      391
The Progress of Phonology     393
Introduction     393
Currents of theory     394
Phonetics and phonology before the twentieth century     397
The phoneme     399
The traditions of phonetics     400
Phonology in North America     401
The Prague School     403
Glossematics and stratificational phonology     404
Firthian prosodic phonology     406
Generative phonology     408
Natural generative phonology     410
Natural phonology     411
Autosegmental and CV phonology     413
Metrical phonology     417
Lexical phonology     419
Dependency phonology     421
Optimality theory     423
Prosodie phonology     426
Phonology in the laboratory     428
Conclusion     431
Exercises     433
Phonetic Symbols     435
Vowel symbols     435
Consonant symbols     436
Diacritics and conventions for complex articulations     438
Symbols used in transcription of English     439
Features     442
Jakobson and Halle's distinctive features      442
Chomsky and Halle's universal set of phonetic features     443
Ladefoged's 'Traditional Features'     444
Components in dependency phonology     446
References     447
Index     474

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