Introduction to Physical Anthropology / Edition 14by Robert Jurmain, Lynn Kilgore, Wenda R. Trevathan, Russell L. Ciochon
Pub. Date: 02/19/2013
Publisher: Cengage Learning
INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY 2013-2014 Edition continues to present the most up-to-date, balanced, and comprehensive introduction to the field, combining an engaging writing style and compelling visual content to bring the study of physical anthropology to life for today's students. With a focus on the big picture of human evolution, the book helps readers
INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY 2013-2014 Edition continues to present the most up-to-date, balanced, and comprehensive introduction to the field, combining an engaging writing style and compelling visual content to bring the study of physical anthropology to life for today's students. With a focus on the big picture of human evolution, the book helps readers master the basic principles of the subject and arrive at an understanding of the human species and its place in the biological world. This book continues to keep pace with changes in the field, with new material on genetic technology and other topics reflecting recent scientific findings. In this edition, the unifying concept of our "connection" to all life has been integrated as a framework for presenting the material throughout the text.
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Table of Contents1. INTRODUCTION. Introduction. What is Anthropology? Cultural Anthropology. Archaeology. Linguistic Anthropology. Physical Anthropology. Physical Anthropology and the Scientific Method. The Anthropological Perspective. Summary. Issue: Evaluation in Science: Lessons in Critical Thinking. 2. THE DEVELOPMENT OF EVOLUTIONARY THEORY. Introduction. A Brief History of Evolutionary Thought. Natural Selection in Action. Constraints on Nineteenth-Century Evolutionary Theory. Opposition to Evolution. Summary. 3. THE BIOLOGICAL BASIS OF LIFE. Introduction. The Cell. DNA Structure. DNA Replication. Protein Synthesis. What is a Gene? Mutation: When a Gene Changes. Chromosomes. Cell Division. New Frontiers. Summary. Issue: Genetic Technologies: A Revolution in Science. 4. HEREDITY AND EVOLUTION. Introduction. The Genetic Principles Discovered by Mendel. Mendelian Inheritance in Humans. Non-Mendelian Patterns of Inheritance. Modern Evolutionary Theory. Definition of Evolution. Factors that Produce and Redistribute Variation. Natural Selection Acts on Variation. Review of Genetic and Evolutionary Factors. Summary. 5. AN OVERVIEW OF THE LIVING PRIMATES. Introduction. Primates as Mammals. Characteristics of Primates. The Arboreal Adaptation. Primate Adaptations. Primate Taxonomy. A Survey of the Living Primates. Primate Chromosomes, Proteins, and DNA. Primate Conservation. Summary. Issue: Can the Mountain Gorilla Be Saved? 6. FUNDAMENTALS OF PRIMATE BEHAVIOR. Introduction. Primate Field Studies. Primate Socioecology. The Evolution of Behavior. Evolutionary Ecology: Current Constraints. Primate Social Groups. Primate Social Behavior. Reproduction and Reproductive Strategies. Mothersand Infants. Summary. 7. MODELS FOR HUMAN EVOLUTION. Introduction. Behavior and Human Origins. Aspects of Life History and Body Size. Language Capabilities. Primate Cultural Behavior. Aggressive Interactions Between Groups. Affiliation, Altruism, and Cooperation. The Primate Continuum. Summary. Issue: Primates in Biomedical Research: Ethics and Concerns. 8. PROCESSES OF MACROEVOLUTION: MAMMALIAN/PRIMATE EVOLUTIONARY HISTORY. Introduction. The Human Place in the Organic World. Principles of Classification. Vertebrate Evolutionary History: A Brief Summary. Mammalian Evolution. Major Mammalian Groups. Early Primate Evolution. Miocene Fossil Hominoids. Processes of Macroevolution. The Meaning of Genus and Species. Summary. 9. PALEOANTHROPOLOGY: RECONSTRUCTING EARLY HOMINID BEHAVIOR AND ECOLOGY. Introduction. Definition of Hominid. The Strategy of Paleoanthropology. Paleoanthropology in Action Olduvai Gorge. Dating Methods. Excavations at Olduvai. Experimental Archaeology. Reconstruction of Early Hominid Environments and Behavior. Summary. Issue: Are the Sites at Olduvai Really "Sites"? 10. HOMINID ORIGINS. Introduction. The Bipedal Adaptation. Early Hominids in the Plio-Pleistocene. The East African Rift Valley. The Earliest East African Hominids. Australopithecus from East Africa. Early Homo. Central Africa. South African Sites. Interpretations: What Does it All Mean? Continuing Uncertainties Taxonomic Issues. Putting it All Together. Interpreting the Interpretations. Summary. 11. HOMO ERECTUS AND CONTEMPORARIES. Introduction. Homo erectus: Terminology and Geographical Distribution. The Pleistocene (1.8 m.y.a.-10,000 y.a.). The Morphology of Homo erectus. Historical Overview of Homo erectus Discoveries. Technological and Population Trends in the Middle Pleistocene. Summary. Issue: Man, the Hunter; Woman, the Gatherer. 12. NEANDERTHALS AND OTHER ARCHAIC HOMO SAPIENS. Introduction. Early Archaic. H. sapiens. A Review of Middle Pleistocene Evolution (circa 400,000-125,000 y.a.). Middle Pleistocene Culture. Neanderthals: Late Archaic H. sapiens (130,000-35,000 y.a.). Culture of Neanderthals. Evolutionary Trends in the Genus Homo. Summary. 13. HOMO SAPIENS SAPIENS. Introduction. The Origin and Dispersal of Homo sapiens sapiens (Anatomically Modern Human Beings). The Earliest Homo sapiens sapiens Discoveries. Technology and Art in the Upper Paleolithic. Summary of Upper Paleolithic Culture. Summary. Issue: The Evolution of Language. 14. MICROEVOLUTION IN MODERN HUMAN POPULATIONS. Introduction. Human Populations. Population Genetics. Evolution in Action: Modern Human Populations. Human Polymorphisms. Human Biocultural Evolution. Summary. 15. HUMAN VARIATION AND ADAPTATION. Introduction. Historical Views of Human Variation. Contemporary Interpretations of Human Population Diversity. Racism. Intelligence. The Adaptive Significance of Human Variation. Infectious Diseases. Summary. Issue: Racial Purity: A False and Dangerous Ideology. 16. THE ANTHROPOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE ON THE HUMAN LIFE COURSE. Introduction. Fundamentals of Growth and Development. Nutritional Effects on Growth and Development. Other Factors Influencing Growth and Development. The Human Life Cycle. Are We Still Evolving? Summary.
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