Introduction to Physical Anthropology / Edition 14

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Overview

Applauded for its outstanding art program and engaging writing style, this text is praised by instructors and students alike, and continues to set the standard for a market-leading physical anthropology textbook. It provides a current and accessible synthesis of the core concepts and latest developments in the field of physical anthropology. It presents a balanced and thorough introduction to field using helpful tables, charts, boxed inserts, photo essays, multimedia, and an engaging writing style to bring the study of physical anthropology to life for today's students.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781285062037
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • Publication date: 2/19/2013
  • Edition description: Reprint
  • Edition number: 14
  • Pages: 576
  • Sales rank: 577,637
  • Product dimensions: 8.40 (w) x 10.80 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author


Robert Jurmain received an A.B. in Anthropology from UCLA and a Ph.D. in Biological Anthropology from Harvard. He taught at San Jose State University from 1975 to 2004 and is now Professor Emeritus. During his teaching career, he taught courses in all major branches of physical anthropology, including osteology and human evolution, with the greatest concentration in general education teaching for introductory students. His research interests are skeletal biology of humans and non-human primates, paleopathology, and paleoanthropology. In addition to his three textbooks, which together have appeared in 30 editions, he is the author of STORIES FROM THE SKELETON: BEHAVIORAL RECONSTRUCTION IN HUMAN OSTEOLOGY (1999, Gordon Breach Publishers), as well as numerous articles in research journals.

Lynn Kilgore earned her Ph.D. from the University of Colorado, Boulder, where she now holds an affiliate faculty position. Her primary research interests are osteology and paleopathology. She has taught numerous undergraduate and graduate courses in human osteology, primate behavior, human heredity and evolution, and general physical anthropology. Her research focuses on developmental defects as well as on disease and trauma in human and great ape skeletons.

Wenda Trevathan is Regents Professor (Emerita) of Anthropology at New Mexico State University, where she taught from 1983 to 2009. She is a biological anthropologist whose research focuses on the evolutionary and biocultural factors underlying human reproduction, including childbirth, maternal behavior, sexuality, and menopause. Her primary publications include works on the evolution of childbirth and evolutionary medicine. Her most recent book is ANCIENT BODIES, MODERN LIVES: HOW EVOLUTION HAS SHAPED WOMEN'S HEALTH (2010, Oxford University Press). She has taught courses in physical anthropology, nutritional anthropology, medical anthropology, evolutionary medicine, and anthropology of reproduction.

Russell L. Ciochon is a leading paleoanthropologist specializing in primate and human evolution in Asia, as well as the geochronology of Asian Plio-Pleistocene sites. He earned his Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley, and teaches at the University of Iowa, Iowa City, where he is Chair of the Department of Anthropology. He teaches courses in hominin and non-human primate evolution, as well as primate behavior, ecology, and functional anatomy. Besides co-authoring more than one hundred technical articles, he has also co-written two popular books: DRAGON BONE HILL: AN ICE AGE SAGA OF HOMO ERECTUS (2004, Oxford University Press) and OTHER ORIGINS: THE SEARCH FOR THE GIANT APE IN PREHISTORY (1990, Bantam Books).

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Table of Contents

1. INTRODUCTION. Introduction. What is Anthropology? Cultural Anthropology. Archaeology. Linguistic Anthropology. Physical Anthropology. Physical Anthropology and the Scientific Method. The Anthropological Perspective. Summary. Issue: Evaluation in Science: Lessons in Critical Thinking. 2. THE DEVELOPMENT OF EVOLUTIONARY THEORY. Introduction. A Brief History of Evolutionary Thought. Natural Selection in Action. Constraints on Nineteenth-Century Evolutionary Theory. Opposition to Evolution. Summary. 3. THE BIOLOGICAL BASIS OF LIFE. Introduction. The Cell. DNA Structure. DNA Replication. Protein Synthesis. What is a Gene? Mutation: When a Gene Changes. Chromosomes. Cell Division. New Frontiers. Summary. Issue: Genetic Technologies: A Revolution in Science. 4. HEREDITY AND EVOLUTION. Introduction. The Genetic Principles Discovered by Mendel. Mendelian Inheritance in Humans. Non-Mendelian Patterns of Inheritance. Modern Evolutionary Theory. Definition of Evolution. Factors that Produce and Redistribute Variation. Natural Selection Acts on Variation. Review of Genetic and Evolutionary Factors. Summary. 5. AN OVERVIEW OF THE LIVING PRIMATES. Introduction. Primates as Mammals. Characteristics of Primates. The Arboreal Adaptation. Primate Adaptations. Primate Taxonomy. A Survey of the Living Primates. Primate Chromosomes, Proteins, and DNA. Primate Conservation. Summary. Issue: Can the Mountain Gorilla Be Saved? 6. FUNDAMENTALS OF PRIMATE BEHAVIOR. Introduction. Primate Field Studies. Primate Socioecology. The Evolution of Behavior. Evolutionary Ecology: Current Constraints. Primate Social Groups. Primate Social Behavior. Reproduction and Reproductive Strategies. Mothersand Infants. Summary. 7. MODELS FOR HUMAN EVOLUTION. Introduction. Behavior and Human Origins. Aspects of Life History and Body Size. Language Capabilities. Primate Cultural Behavior. Aggressive Interactions Between Groups. Affiliation, Altruism, and Cooperation. The Primate Continuum. Summary. Issue: Primates in Biomedical Research: Ethics and Concerns. 8. PROCESSES OF MACROEVOLUTION: MAMMALIAN/PRIMATE EVOLUTIONARY HISTORY. Introduction. The Human Place in the Organic World. Principles of Classification. Vertebrate Evolutionary History: A Brief Summary. Mammalian Evolution. Major Mammalian Groups. Early Primate Evolution. Miocene Fossil Hominoids. Processes of Macroevolution. The Meaning of Genus and Species. Summary. 9. PALEOANTHROPOLOGY: RECONSTRUCTING EARLY HOMINID BEHAVIOR AND ECOLOGY. Introduction. Definition of Hominid. The Strategy of Paleoanthropology. Paleoanthropology in Action — Olduvai Gorge. Dating Methods. Excavations at Olduvai. Experimental Archaeology. Reconstruction of Early Hominid Environments and Behavior. Summary. Issue: Are the Sites at Olduvai Really "Sites"? 10. HOMINID ORIGINS. Introduction. The Bipedal Adaptation. Early Hominids in the Plio-Pleistocene. The East African Rift Valley. The Earliest East African Hominids. Australopithecus from East Africa. Early Homo. Central Africa. South African Sites. Interpretations: What Does it All Mean? Continuing Uncertainties — Taxonomic Issues. Putting it All Together. Interpreting the Interpretations. Summary. 11. HOMO ERECTUS AND CONTEMPORARIES. Introduction. Homo erectus: Terminology and Geographical Distribution. The Pleistocene (1.8 m.y.a.-10,000 y.a.). The Morphology of Homo erectus. Historical Overview of Homo erectus Discoveries. Technological and Population Trends in the Middle Pleistocene. Summary. Issue: Man, the Hunter; Woman, the Gatherer. 12. NEANDERTHALS AND OTHER ARCHAIC HOMO SAPIENS. Introduction. Early Archaic. H. sapiens. A Review of Middle Pleistocene Evolution (circa 400,000-125,000 y.a.). Middle Pleistocene Culture. Neanderthals: Late Archaic H. sapiens (130,000-35,000 y.a.). Culture of Neanderthals. Evolutionary Trends in the Genus Homo. Summary. 13. HOMO SAPIENS SAPIENS. Introduction. The Origin and Dispersal of Homo sapiens sapiens (Anatomically Modern Human Beings). The Earliest Homo sapiens sapiens Discoveries. Technology and Art in the Upper Paleolithic. Summary of Upper Paleolithic Culture. Summary. Issue: The Evolution of Language. 14. MICROEVOLUTION IN MODERN HUMAN POPULATIONS. Introduction. Human Populations. Population Genetics. Evolution in Action: Modern Human Populations. Human Polymorphisms. Human Biocultural Evolution. Summary. 15. HUMAN VARIATION AND ADAPTATION. Introduction. Historical Views of Human Variation. Contemporary Interpretations of Human Population Diversity. Racism. Intelligence. The Adaptive Significance of Human Variation. Infectious Diseases. Summary. Issue: Racial Purity: A False and Dangerous Ideology. 16. THE ANTHROPOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE ON THE HUMAN LIFE COURSE. Introduction. Fundamentals of Growth and Development. Nutritional Effects on Growth and Development. Other Factors Influencing Growth and Development. The Human Life Cycle. Are We Still Evolving? Summary.
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