Introduction to Physical Science / Edition 11

Introduction to Physical Science / Edition 11

by James Shipman, Jerry D. Wilson, Aaron Todd
     
 

An Introduction to Physical Science presents a survey of the physical sciences—physics, chemistry, astronomy, meteorology, and geology—for non-science majors. Topics are treated both descriptively and quantitatively, providing flexibility for instructors who wish to emphasize a highly descriptive approach, a highly quantitative approach, or anything in

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Overview

An Introduction to Physical Science presents a survey of the physical sciences—physics, chemistry, astronomy, meteorology, and geology—for non-science majors. Topics are treated both descriptively and quantitatively, providing flexibility for instructors who wish to emphasize a highly descriptive approach, a highly quantitative approach, or anything in between. The Eleventh Edition includes content and features that help students better visualize concepts, master basic math, and practice problem solving. In addition, a dynamic technology package accompanies the text. A Blackboard/WebCT course, along with HM ClassPrep and CL Testing resources, provide course management tools that help make class preparation and assessment more efficient and effective. The Eleventh Edition is available in both hardcover and—at a reduced price— paperback versions, giving students flexible options to meet their needs.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780618697892
Publisher:
Cengage Learning
Publication date:
08/30/2005
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
708
Product dimensions:
8.50(w) x 10.87(h) x 0.87(d)

Table of Contents

Note: Each

Chapter concludes with Key Terms, Matching Questions, Multiple-Choice Questions, Fill-in-the-Blank Questions, Short-Answer Questions, Visual Connection, Applying Your Knowledge, Important Equation(s), Exercises, Answers to Confidence Exercises, and On the Web.
1.Measurement
1.1 The Physical Sciences
1.2 Scientific Investigation
1.3 The Senses Highlight: The "Face" on Mars
1.4 Standard Units and Systems of Units A Spotlight On: Fundamental Quantities
1.5 More on the Metric System
1.6 Derived Units and Conversion Factors Highlight: Is Unit Conversion Important? It Sure Is.
1.7 Significant Figures
2.Motion
2.1 Defining Motion
2.2 Speed and Velocity
2.3 Acceleration Highlight: Galileo and the Leaning Tower of Pisa
2.4 Acceleration in Uniform Circular Motion
2.5 Projectile Motion
3.Force and Motion
3.1 Force and Net Force
3.2 Newton's First Law of Motion
3.3 Newton's Second Law of Motion
3.4 Newton's Third Law of Motion
3.5 Newton's Law of Gravitation Highlight: The Automobile and Martian Air Bags
3.6 Buoyancy A Spotlight On: Newton's Laws of Motion
3.7 Momentum
4.Work and Energy
4.1 Work
4.2 Kinetic Energy and Potential Energy
4.3 Conservation of Energy
4.4 Power
4.5 Forms of Energy and Consumption Highlight: Ice That Burns
4.6 Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources Highlight: Hybrids and Hydrogen
5.Temperature and Heat
5.1 Temperature
5.2 Heat Highlight: Freezing from the Top Down and Ice Skating
5.3 Specific Heat and Latent Heat
5.4 Heat Transfer
5.5 Phases of Matter
5.6 The Kinetic Theory of Gases Highlight: HotGases: Aerosol Cans and Popcorn
5.7 Thermodynamics
6.Waves
6.1 Waves and Energy Propagation
6.2 Wave Properties
6.3 Electromagnetic Waves
6.4 Sound Waves Highlight: Noise Exposure Limits
6.5 The Doppler Effect
6.6 Standing Waves and Resonance
7.Optics and Wave Effects
7.1 Reflection
7.2 Refraction and Dispersion Highlight: The Rainbow: Dispersion and Internal Reflection
7.3 Spherical Mirrors
7.4 Lenses
7.5 Polarization
7.6 Diffraction and Interference Highlight: Liquid Crystal Displays (LCDs)
8.Electricity and Magnetism
8.1 Electric Charge and Electric Force
8.2 Current,Voltage, and Electrical Power Highlight: Photocopiers
8.3 Simple Electric Circuits and Electrical Safety
8.4 Magnetism Highlight: Electrical Safety Highlight: Magnetic North Pole
8.5 Electromagnetism
9.Atomic Physics
9.1 Early Concepts of the Atom
9.2 The Dual Nature of Light Highlight: Albert Einstein
9.3 Bohr Theory of the Hydrogen Atom
9.4 Microwave Ovens, X-Rays, and Lasers Highlight: Fluorescence and Phosphorescence
9.5 Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle
9.6 Matter Waves Highlight: Electron Microscopes
9.7 The Electron Cloud Model of the Atom A Spotlight On: The Changing Model of the Atom
10.Nuclear Physics
10.1 Symbols of the Elements
10.2 The Atomic Nucleus
10.3 Radioactivity and Half-Life Highlight: The Discovery of Radioactivity
10.4 Nuclear Reactions
10.5 Nuclear Fission
10.6 Nuclear Fusion Highlight: The Origins of the Atomic Bomb
10.7 Hazardous Effects of Radiation Highlight: Nuclear Power and Waste Disposal
11.The Chemical Elements
11.1 Classification of Matter
11.2 Discovery of the Elements Highlight: Berzeliuz (the man), and Selenium and Silicon (the elements)
11.3 Occurrence of the Elements
11.4 The Periodic Table
11.5 Naming Compounds
11.6 Groups of Elements A Spotlight On: Naming Compounds
12.Chemical Bonding
12.1 Law of Conservation of Mass Highlight: Lavoisier, "The Father of Chemistry"
12.2 Law of Definite Proportions
12.3 Dalton's Atomic Theory
12.4 Ionic Bonding Highlight: Automatic Sunglasses
12.5 Covalent Bonding
12.6 Hydrogen Bonding
13.Chemical Reactions
13.1 Balancing Chemical Equations
13.2 Energy and Rate of Reaction Highlight: The Chemistry of Air Bags
13.3 Acids and Bases Highlight: The Chemistry of Tooth Decay
13.4 Single-Replacement Reactions A Spotlight On: Reaction Types
13.5 Avogadro's Number
14.Organic Chemistry
14.1 Bonding in Organic Compounds
14.2 Aromatic Hydrocarbons
14.3 Aliphatic Hydrocarbons Highlight: Tanning in the Shade A Spotlight On: Hydrocarbons and Their Derivatives
14.4 Derivatives of Hydrocarbons Highlight: Veggie Gasoline?
14.5 Synthetic Polymers
15.Place and Time
15.1 Cartesian Coordinates
15.2 Latitude and Longitude Highlight: Global Positioning System (GPS)
15.3 Time
15.4 Determining Latitude and Longitude Highlight: Daylight Saving Time
15.5 The Seasons and the Calendar
15.6 Precession of the Earth's Axis Highlight: A Brief History of the Calendar A Spotlight On: Place and Time
16.The Solar System
16.1 The Solar System and Planetary Motion
16.2 Major Planet Classifications and Orbits
16.3 The Planet Earth—Third Planet from the Sun
16.4 The Terrestrial Planets
16.5 The Jovian Planets A Spotlight On: The Terrestrial Planets Highlight: Solar System Exploration: Gravity Assists A Spotlight On: The Jovian Planets
16.6 The Dwarf Planets A Spotlight On: The Dwarf Planets
16.7 The Origin of the Solar System
16.8 Other Planetary Systems
17.Moons and Other Solar System Objects
17.1 Features of the Earth's Moon
17.2 Lunar Motion Effects: Phases, Eclipses, and Tides Highlight: Seeing Only One Side of the Moon
17.3 Moons of the Terrestrial Planets A Spotlight On: The Earth's Moon
17.4 Moons of the Jovian Planets
17.5 Moons of the Dward Planets
17.6 Small Solar System Bodies:Asteroids,Meteoroids,Comets, and Interplanetary Dust Highlight: Risks from Asteroids—The Torino Scale
18.The Universe
18.1 The Celestial Sphere
18.2 The Sun: Our Closest Star
18.3 Classifying Stars Highlight: Determining Astronomical Distances
18.4 The Life Cycle of Low-Mass Stars
18.5 The Life Cycle of High-Mass Stars
18.6 Galaxies
18.7 Cosmology Highlight: The Age of the Universe
19.The Atmosphere
19.1 Composition and Structure
19.2 Atmospheric Energy Content Highlight: Blue Skies and Red Sunsets Highlight: The Greenhouse Effect
19.3 Atmospheric Measurements and Observations
19.4 Air Motion
19.5 Clouds A Spotlight On: Cloud Families and Types
20.Atmospheric Effects
20.1 Condensation and Precipitation
20.2 Air Masses
20.3 Storms Highlight: Wind Chill Temperature
Index
20.4 Atmospheric Pollution Highlight: Naming Hurricanes and That Was the Year That Was (2005)
20.5 Climate and Pollution Highlight: The Ozone Hole and Global Warming
21.Structural Geology and Plate Tectonics
21.1 The Earth's Interior Structure
21.2 Continental Drift and Seafloor Spreading
21.3 Plate Tectonics A Spotlight On: Plate Boundaries Highlight: Crustal Motion on Other Planets and Moons
21.4 Plate Motion and Volcanoes
21.5 Earthquakes Highlight: Earthquake Risk in North America
21.6 Crustal Deformation and Mountain Building Highlight: Deadly Tsunamis
22.Minerals, Rocks, and Volcanoes
22.1 Minerals
22.2 Rocks
22.3 Igneous Rocks A Spotlight On: The Rock Cycle
22.4 Igneous Activity and Volcanoes Highlight: Making Gold in an Active Volcano
22.5 Sedimentary Rocks
22.6 Metamorphic Rocks
23.Surface Processes
23.1 Weathering
23.2 Erosion A Spotlight On: Weathering
23.3 Groundwater Highlight: Earth's Largest Crystals
23.4 Shoreline and Seafloor Topography Highlight: The Highest Tides in the World
24.Geologic Time
24.1 Fossils Highlight: How Fossils Form
24.2 Relative Geologic Time
24.3 Radiometric Dating
24.4 The Age of the Earth
24.5 The Geologic Time Scale A Spotlight On: The Geologic Time Scale Highlight: The K-T Event: The Disappearance of the Dinosaurs
Appendixes I.The Seven Base Units of the International System of Units (SI) II. Solving Mathematical Problems in Science III. Equation Rearrangement IV. Analysis of Units V. Positive and Negative Numbers VI. Powers-of-10 Notation VII. Significant Figures VIII. Psychrometric Tables IX. Seasonal Star Charts Glossary Photo Credits
Index

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