Introduction to Plant Diseases: Identification and Management

Overview

This thoroughly revised and updated Second Edition introduces the basic concepts and principles of plant disease identification and management for food, fiber, and landscape plants. Accessible to those with a limited background in biological science, this book covers four main aspects of plant pathology—how to recognize that a plant has a disease; how to determine the cause of the disease; how to manage diseases; and how to take advantage of the latest in disease management technologies. The authors offer several...

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Overview

This thoroughly revised and updated Second Edition introduces the basic concepts and principles of plant disease identification and management for food, fiber, and landscape plants. Accessible to those with a limited background in biological science, this book covers four main aspects of plant pathology—how to recognize that a plant has a disease; how to determine the cause of the disease; how to manage diseases; and how to take advantage of the latest in disease management technologies. The authors offer several management approaches, including integrated pest management, biological control, new applications in biotechnology, and the use of chemical pesticides. They provide the techniques needed to prevent and treat diseases caused by nematodes, fungi, bacteria, viruses, and parasitic plants. Introductory chapters provide a useful review of the history of plant pathology and the development of plant diseases. The Second Edition of Introduction to Plant Diseases meets the needs of growers and pest management professionals, as well as those of extension agents and private consultants in plant disease management. It will be invaluable for introductory undergraduate courses in plant pathology and integrated pest/crop management, and for agricultural institute and technical programs on plant diseases and their management.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780412069611
  • Publisher: Springer US
  • Publication date: 3/1/1992
  • Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 2nd ed. 1992
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 100
  • Sales rank: 1,012,498
  • Product dimensions: 7.50 (w) x 9.25 (h) x 0.79 (d)

Table of Contents

1 Agriculture, Plant Diseases, and Human Affairs.- The Study of Plant Diseases.- Plant Disease Losses.- Effects of Modern Agriculture on Plant Diseases.- What Is a Plant Disease?.- Recognizing Plant Diseases.- Management of Plant Pests.- 2 Causes of Plant Diseases.- Infectious Plant Diseases.- Disease Complexes.- Noninfectious Plant Diseases.- Names of Pathogens and Diseases.- 3 History of Plant Pathology.- In Ancient Times.- From 1600 to 1800.- The Golden Age of Biology, 1840 to 1900.- The Twentieth Century.- 4 Development of Plant Diseases.- The Occurrence of Plant Disease.- The Disease Cycle.- Environmental Effects on Disease Development.- Epidemiology of Plant Diseases.- 5 Integrated Pest Management.- Evolution of Pest Management Practices.- Low Input Sustainable Agriculture (LISA).- The IPM Concept.- Economic Thresholds.- Sources of Information.- 6 Management of Plant Diseases.- Avoidance of the Pathogen by Exclusion and Evasion.- Eradication of Pathogens.- Reduction of Inoculum.- Adjustment of the Environment.- Biological Control.- Disease-Resistant Cultivars.- Certified Seed and Seed Storage.- Summary.- 7 Chemical Management of Plant Diseases.- How Pesticides Work.- Names of Pest Management Chemicals.- Pesticide Safety.- Pesticide Formulations.- Soil Treatment.- Seed Treatment.- Postharvest Treatment.- Treatment of Growing Plants.- Pesticide Sprayers and Dusters.- Spray Equipment Parts.- Pesticide Application Guidelines.- Cleaning and Storing Equipment.- Calibration of Equipment.- Forecasting Plant Diseases as an Aid to Pesticide Scheduling.- Protecting the Environment.- Summary.- 8 Biotechnology.- Vegetative Propagation.- Regeneration of Plants from Cells.- Transplanting DNA from One Cell to Another.- Citizen Concerns and the Need for Biotechnology.- 9 Nematodes.- General Nature and Importance.- Size, Distribution, and Anatomy.- Feeding Behavior and Plant Injury.- Life History, Reproduction, and Dispersal.- Enemies of Nematodes.- Environmental Effects on Nematode Survival.- Nematodes and Other Diseases.- Management.- 10 Diseases Caused by Nematodes.- Root-Knot Nematodes.- Cyst Nematodes.- Lesion Nematodes.- Stem and Bulb Nematodes.- Stubby-Root Nematodes.- 11 Fungi.- General Nature and Importance.- Growth, Reproduction, and Classification.- Distribution and Dispersal.- 12 Diseases Caused by Soilborne Fungi.- Phytophthora Root Rots.- Damping-off.- Rhizoctonia Rots.- Fusarium Root Rots, Yellows, and Wilts.- Verticillium Wilts.- Southern Blight.- Crown and Stem Rots and Watery Soft Rots.- Cylindrocladium Black Rot.- 13 Diseases Caused by Airborne Fungi.- Rusts.- Smuts.- Downy Mildews.- Powdery Mildews.- Ergot.- Blast of Rice.- Gray Mold or Botrytis Blight.- Cercospora Leaf Spots.- Helminthosporium Leaf Spots.- Alternaria Leaf Spots.- Anthracnose.- Apple Scab.- Rhizopus Soft Rot.- 14 Fungal Diseases of Shade and Forest Trees and Decay in Wood.- Chestnut Blight.- Dutch Elm Disease.- Oak Wilt.- Annosus Root and Butt Rot.- Fusiform Rust.- Dogweed Anthracnose.- Little Leaf of Pine.- Wood Decay in Buildings.- 15 Bacteria.- Size and Structure.- Identifying Bacteria.- Growth and Reproduction.- Distribution and Dispersal.- Managing Plant-Pathogenic Bacteria.- 16 Diseases Caused by Bacteria and Mycoplasmas.- Bacterial Wilt.- Fire Blight of Apple and Pear.- Soft Rots.- Bacterial Wilt of Cucumbers.- Bacterial Canker of Tomato.- Bacterial Spot of Peach and Plum.- Crown Gall.- Mycoplasma Diseases.- 17 Viruses.- Discovering Plant Viruses.- Naming of Viruses.- Symptoms of Virus Diseases.- Properties and Morphology.- Identification and Detection.- Transmission.- Management.- 18 Diseases Caused by Viruses.- Tobacco Mosaic.- Vein Banding or Streak.- Tobacco Vein Mottle.- Tobacco Etch.- Tomato Spotted Wilt.- Cucumber Mosaic.- Barley Yellow Dwarf.- Soilborne Wheat Mosaic.- Maize Dwarf Mosaic and Maize Chlorotic Dwarf.- Viroid Diseases.- 19 Diseases Caused by Parasitic Plants.- Broomrapes.- Witchweed.- Mistletoes.- Dodder.- 20 Abiotic Agents.- Deficiencies and Toxicities.- Weather Extremes.- Abnormal Water Conditions.- Phytotoxic Chemicals.- Air Pollution.- Suggested Readings.

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