Introduction to Recreation and Leisure With Web Resource-2nd Edition / Edition 2

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Recreation and leisure is a thriving industry with phenomenal growth, tremendous potential, and diverse career paths and options. Introduction to Recreation and Leisure, Second Edition, is a textbook designed for the first undergraduate course in a recreation or leisure program. With its 21st-century views of recreation and leisure services, it indicates future directions in the field and offers diverse international perspectives.

The second edition of Introduction to Recreation and Leisure

• presents historical, philosophical, and social aspects of the industry;

• offers fresh insights on community parks and recreation departments, youth and nonprofit agencies, commercial recreation, and tourism enterprises;

• describes how recreation provides fun, enriching, and educational programs and services for people of all ages; and

• exposes students to a variety of career options and supports them as they explore their interests and prepare for challenging careers in one of the leading industries of the 21st century.

Part I presents the history and philosophy of the field and its benefits to individuals and society. Part II introduces the sectors of the field and their delivery systems: parks, public recreation, nonprofit organizations, commercial recreation and tourism, therapeutic recreation, and unique groups. Part III presents the types of programming found in recreation and leisure services: sports; fitness, health, and wellness; outdoor and adventure recreation; and arts and culture. It includes a chapter on recreation and leisure as a profession and a chapter on international recreation.

In the second edition of Introduction to Recreation and Leisure, invited experts from around the world offer their perspectives on the industry. These authors are emerging and leading professionals and eminent scholars in leisure education. The new edition includes a web resource that supports students in the classroom as well as in the online setting with ways to explore the foundation of recreation and leisure and its opportunities for careers.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781450424172
  • Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers
  • Publication date: 9/15/2012
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 456
  • Sales rank: 150,106
  • Product dimensions: 8.50 (w) x 11.20 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Meet the Author

Denise M. Anderson, PhD, is an associate professor and coordinator of graduate studies in the department of parks, recreation, and tourism management at Clemson University.

Robert F. Ashcraft, PhD, is executive director of the Lodestar Center for Philanthropy and Nonprofit Innovation and an associate professor in the School of Community Resources and Development at Arizona State University.

Lynn A. Barnett, PhD, is an associate professor in the department of recreation, sport, and tourism at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Joel A. Blanco, MS, is a doctoral candidate in recreation, sport, and tourism at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Diane C. Blankenship, EdD, is an associate professor at Frostburg State University in Frostburg, Maryland.

John Byl, PhD, is the president of Canadian Intramural Recreation Association (CIRA) Ontario and a professor of physical education at Redeemer University College in Ancaster, Ontario.

Gaylene Carpenter, EdD, is associate professor emerita and former director of the arts and administration program at the University of Oregon.

Jinyang Deng, PhD, is associate professor in the recreation, parks, and tourism resources program at West Virginia University.

Holly Donohoe, PhD, is an assistant professor in the department of tourism, recreation, and sport management at the University of Florida.

Paul F.J. Eagles, PhD, is a professor specializing in environmental planning at the University of Waterloo in Canada.

David N. Emanuelson, PhD, is president and CEO of Impact Planning and a partner at the Public Research Group.

Dr. Alan Ewert, PhD, is a distinguished and titled professor at Indiana University. He is the holder of the Patricia and Joel Meier Endowed Chair in Outdoor Leadership and serves as the director of the Leisure Research Institute in the department of recreation, park, and tourism studies.

Jeffrey Ferguson, EdD, is an associate professor at Northwest Missouri State University, where he has served as the recreation curriculum coordinator for the past 25 years.

M. Rebecca Genoe, PhD, is an assistant professor in the faculty of kinesiology and health studies at the University of Regina.

H. Joey Gray, PhD, is an associate professor in the department of health and human performance and program manager of leisure, sport, and tourism studies at Middle Tennessee State University.

Dr. Jeffrey C. Hallo, PhD, is an assistant professor in the department of parks, recreation, and tourism management at Clemson University.

Jane Hodgkinson, MS, was the executive director of the Western DuPage Special Recreation Association (WDSRA) for 30 years until her retirement in 2011.

Douglas Kennedy, EdD, CPRP, is a professor in the department of recreation and leisure studies at Virginia Wesleyan College in Norfolk, Virginia.

Robin Kunstler, ReD, CTRS, is a professor in the department of health sciences and the director of the recreation education and therapeutic recreation programs at Lehman College of the City University of New York.

Rebecca Lesnik, MS, CTRS, is a practicing recreation therapist currently working for the Department of Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System and is assigned to the Homeless Veterans Rehabilitation Program.

Huimei Liu, PhD, is an associate professor in the School of International Studies at Zhejiang University in China. She is also a researcher in the Asia Pacific Centre for the Education and Study of Leisure at Zhejiang University.

Alcyane Marinho, PhD, is a lecturer in the physical education department at Santa Catarina State University (Udesc) in Brazil.

Susan Markham-Starr, PhD, is professor emerita in the School of Recreation Management and Kinesiology at Acadia University in Wolfville, Nova Scotia.

Donald J. McLean, PhD, is a professor and coordinator in the department of recreation, park, and tourism administration at Western Illinois University–Quad Cities in Moline, Illinois.

Michael Muehlenbein, PhD, MsPH, MPhil, is an assistant professor of anthropology at Indiana University. He is also affiliated with Indiana’s program in international studies, the Center for Research in Environmental Sciences, and the Anthropological Center for Training and Research on Global Environmental Change.

Laurie Ogilvie, MA, is a national manager in policy and program development with the Canadian Forces personnel and family support services of the Department of National Defence.

Ellen O’Sullivan, PhD, serves as the chair of the Center for Public Recreation and Parks, a nonprofit organization focused on providing information and data leading to the long-term sustainability of the movement.

Robert E. Pfister, PhD, is a retired professor in the department of recreation and tourism management at Vancouver Island University (VIU) in Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada, where he currently serves as an adjunct faculty member.

Carol J. Potter, BS, is a senior program analyst in the Morale, Welfare, and Recreation (MWR) Policy Directorate in the Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Military Community and Family Policy.

Arianne C. Reis, PhD, is a research fellow with the School of Tourism and Hospitality Management at Southern Cross University, Australia.

Brenda Robertson, PhD, is a professor in the School of Recreation Management and Kinesiology at Acadia University in Wolfville, Nova Scotia.

Clifford Robertson, BA, earned his degree in kinesiology exercise science from Cornell College. While at Cornell, Clifford was commissioner of the intramurals program for two years.

Dr. Terrance Robertson, PhD, is a professor and chair of the department of health and human services at Northwest Missouri State University.

Craig M. Ross, ReD, is a professor in the department of recreation, park, and tourism studies at Indiana University.

Jerome F. Singleton, PhD, CTRS, is a professor in the recreation and leisure studies department in the School of Health and Human Performance at Dalhousie University.

Tod Stanton, MS, has two decades of professional experience in the field of recreation, including working for an Illinois park district. He holds a master’s degree in recreation administration from George Williams College of Aurora University.

Frances Stavola Daly, EdD, CTRS, CPRP, is an associate professor and the recreation administration program coordinator in the department of physical education, recreation, and health at Kean University in New Jersey.

Dr. Matthew Symonds, EdD, is an assistant professor in the department of health and human services at Northwest Missouri State University.

Patrick T. Tierney, PhD, is a professor in the department of recreation, parks, and tourism at San Francisco State University.

Juan Tortosa Martínez, PhD, is an assistant professor in physical activity and sport science at the University of Alicante, Spain.

Franklin Vernon, MS, is currently a doctoral student at Indiana University, where he focuses his teaching and research on experiential learning and adventure education.

Julia Wallace Carr, EdD, is a senior associate director at University Recreation and associate professor in sport and recreation management at James Madison University.

Daniel G. Yoder, PhD, is a professor in the recreation, park, and tourism department at Western Illinois University in Macomb.

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Table of Contents

Part I. Foundations of Recreation and Leisure

Chapter 1. Power, Promise, Potential, and Possibilities of Parks, Recreation, and Leisure

Ellen O’Sullivan

What If?

Welcome to the World of Parks, Recreation, and Leisure

Definitions of Play, Recreation, Leisure, and Flow

Parks, Recreation, and Leisure: Everywhere, Everyone, All the Time

Values and Benefits of Parks, Recreation, and Leisure

Recreation and Leisure: The Less Desirable Side

Trends in Parks, Recreation, and Leisure Alternatives

Parks and Recreation: A Passion, a Pursuit, a Profession

Moving On

Chapter 2. History of Recreation

M. Rebecca Genoe, Douglas Kennedy, and Jerome Singleton


Tracing the Roots of Leisure in Canada and the United States

Development of Recreation in the United States and Canada

Similarities Between Canada and the United States


Chapter 3. Philosophy and Leisure

Donald J. McLean


Why Does Philosophy Matter?

Metaphysics and Leisure

Epistemology and Leisure

Logic and Leisure

Aesthetics and Leisure

Ethics and Leisure

Plato’s Philosophy of Leisure

Aristotle’s Philosophy of Leisure

Contemporary Philosophy of Leisure

Solving Ethical Dilemmas in Leisure Services


Chapter 4. Leisure and Recreation for Individuals in Society

Daniel G. Yoder and Juan Tortosa


Leisure as a Complex Social Phenomenon

Similarity and Diversity in Recreation and Leisure

Leisure, Recreation, and Gender

Leisure, Ethnicity, and Race

Leisure, Recreation, and Religion

Leisure, Recreation, and Socioeconomic Class

Benefits and Constraints of Leisure

Good and Bad Leisure and Recreation

Implications for Professionals


Part II. Leisure and Recreation as a Multifaceted Delivery System

Chapter 5. Leisure Service Delivery Systems

David Emanuelson


The Private Sector

The Nonprofit Sector

The Public Sector

Professional Preparation for Leisure Service Delivery

Professional Accreditation


Chapter 6. Parks and Protected Areas in Canada and the United States

Paul F.J. Eagles and Jeffrey C. Hallo


History of Parks in Canada

Park Systems of Canada

History of Parks in the United States

Park Systems of the United States

International Treaties and Protected Area Designations and Parks

Comparing Canada and the United States

Career Opportunities

Challenges and Trends for the 21st Century


Chapter 7. Public Recreation

Tod Stanton, Susan Markham-Starr, and Jane Hodgkinson


Public Parks and Recreation in the United States and Canada

Historical Overview of Public Recreation in the United States

Historical Overview of Public Recreation in Canada

Delivery Systems in Public Recreation

Partnerships: Connections to the Community

Faces of Public Recreation

Chameleon Profession: Ever Changing Societal Issues and Needs

Political Realities: No Pain, No Gain

Benefits of Recreation


Special Recreation


Special Recreation History

Accessibility and Universal Design in Special Recreation Services

Special Recreation and Accessibility

Accessiblity and Inclusion

Special Recreation Associations

Special Recreation Continuum of Services

Specialized Recreation Programs

Future of Special Recreation Associations


Chapter 8. Nonprofit Sector

Robert F. Ashcraft


Nonprofit Sector in the United States and Canada

Types of National and Community-Based Nonprofit Recreation Organizations

The Professional in Nonprofit Organizations

Challenges and Opportunities for the Future


Chapter 9. For-Profit Sector: Recreation, Events and Tourism Enterprises

Robert E. Pfister and Patrick T. Tierney


Three Common Attributes

RET Industry Model

Considering an RET Career

Trends and Challenges


Chapter 10. Therapeutic Recreation

Frances Stavola Daly and Robin Kunstler


What Is Therapeutic Recreation?

History of Therapeutic Recreation

Therapeutic Recreation Practice Models

Settings for Therapeutic Recreation Services

Therapeutic Recreation Specialist


Chapter 11. Unique Groups

Julia Wallace Carr, Brenda Robertson, Rebecca Lesnik, John Byl, Jeffrey Ferguson, Carol Potter, and Laurie Ogilvie


Campus Recreation

Campus Recreation: An Overview

History of Campus Recreation

Benefits of a Campus Recreation Program

Trends in Campus Recreation

Career Opportunities


Correctional Recreation

Introduction to the Correctional System

Historical and Philosophical Foundations of Correctional Recreation

Recreation Programming

Correctional Recreation Professional

Trends and Issues


Faith-Based Recreation

Differences Within Faith Traditions

Differences Among Faith Traditions

Employment in Faith-Based Recreation


Worksite Recreation and Health Promotion

History of Worksite Recreation and Health Promotion

Benefits, Programs, and Services

Worksite Recreation and Health Promotion Trends

Career Preparation

Recreation in the Armed Forces


Military Versus Civilian Recreation

United States Armed Forces

Canadian Armed Forces

Military Recreation Program Areas

Employment Opportunities


Chapter 12. Leisure and Recreation Across the Life Span

Lynn A. Barnett and Joel A. Blanco


Infancy: From Baby to Toddler

Early Childhood: Preschool Years

Middle and Late Childhood: Elementary School Years

Adolescence: Teenage Years

Emerging and Early Adulthood: 20s and 30s

Middle Adulthood: 40s and 50s

Late Adulthood: Senior Years


Part III. Delivering Recreation and Leisure Services

Chapter 13. Program Delivery System

Diane Blankenship


Program Delivery History

Mission and Outcomes

Leadership Within the Program Delivery System

Program Classification

Program Formats


Chapter 14. Recreational Sport Management

Craig M. Ross and H. Joey Gray


Examining Sport Management From a Recreational Perspective

Defining Recreational Sport

Five Programming Areas of Recreational Sport Management

Scope of Participation in Recreational Sport

Trends in Recreational Sport Management

International Participation in Recreational Sports

Career Opportunities


Chapter 15. Health, Wellness, and Quality of Life

Terrance Robertson, Matthew Symonds, Michael Muehlenbein, and Clifford Robertson


Personal Health

The Wellness Perspective

Quality of Life, Health, and Healthy Communities

Career Opportunities


Chapter 16. Outdoor and Adventure Recreation

Alan Ewert and Franklin Vernon


Concepts Related to Outdoor and Adventure Recreation

Concepts Related to Outdoor Adventure Education

History of Outdoor and Adventure Recreation in Canada and the United States

Settings, Delivery Systems, and Participants in Recreation

Professional Careers in Outdoor and Adventure Recreation

Benefits and Outcomes of Outdoor Recreation and Adventure

Outdoor Adventure Educatoin Programming and Professional Careers

Emerging Trends and Issues


Chapter 17. Arts and Culture

Gaylene Carpenter


Arts and Culture as Part of Recreation and Leisure

Meanings of Arts and Culture: Organizations and Participants

Benefits of Arts and Cultural Recreation Opportunities

Evolution of Arts and Cultural Programming

Types of Arts and Cultural Organizations

Contemporary Practices in Arts and Culture


Chapter 18. The Nature of Recreation and Leisure as a Profession

Denise Anderson


Value of the Profession and Benefits to the Professional

Characteristics of the Recreation and Leisure Services Profession

Nature of the Profession

Career Planning

Career Positioning: A Nine-Step Process

Changes in the Field: Taste the Excitement


Chapter 19. International Perspectives on Recreation and Leisure

Holly Donohoe, Arianne C. Reis, Alcyane Marinho, Jinyang Deng, and Huimei Liu

International Overview


Leisure and the Internet

Leisure Development and Advocacy

Leisure and Youth Leadership

Recreation and Leisure in Brazil

Overview of Recreation and Leisure in Brazil

Historical Development of Recreation and Leisure in Brazil

Types of Programs, Services, and Populations

Demand and Future Growth

Trends and Issues


Recreation and Leisure in China


A Brief History of China’s Leisure Development

Recreation and Leisure in China

Challenges and Trends for the Future


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