An Introduction to Science Studies: The Philosophical and Social Aspects of Science and Technology

Overview

The purpose of this book is to give a coherent account of the different perspectives on science and technology that are normally studied under various disciplinary heads such as philosophy of science, sociology of science and science policy. It is intended for students embarking on courses in these subjects and assumes no special knowledge of any science. It is written in a direct and simple style, and technical language is introduced very sparingly. As various perspectives are sketched out in this book, the ...
See more details below
Available through our Marketplace sellers.
Other sellers (Hardcover)
  • All (11) from $10.95   
  • New (4) from $54.89   
  • Used (7) from $10.95   
Close
Sort by
Page 1 of 1
Showing All
Note: Marketplace items are not eligible for any BN.com coupons and promotions
$54.89
Seller since 2010

Feedback rating:

(176)

Condition:

New — never opened or used in original packaging.

Like New — packaging may have been opened. A "Like New" item is suitable to give as a gift.

Very Good — may have minor signs of wear on packaging but item works perfectly and has no damage.

Good — item is in good condition but packaging may have signs of shelf wear/aging or torn packaging. All specific defects should be noted in the Comments section associated with each item.

Acceptable — item is in working order but may show signs of wear such as scratches or torn packaging. All specific defects should be noted in the Comments section associated with each item.

Used — An item that has been opened and may show signs of wear. All specific defects should be noted in the Comments section associated with each item.

Refurbished — A used item that has been renewed or updated and verified to be in proper working condition. Not necessarily completed by the original manufacturer.

New
Ships same day.Pristine copy.

Ships from: Hudsonville, MI

Usually ships in 1-2 business days

  • Canadian
  • Standard, 48 States
  • Standard (AK, HI)
  • Express, 48 States
  • Express (AK, HI)
$107.50
Seller since 2008

Feedback rating:

(203)

Condition: New

Ships from: Chicago, IL

Usually ships in 1-2 business days

  • Standard, 48 States
  • Standard (AK, HI)
$125.00
Seller since 2015

Feedback rating:

(214)

Condition: New
Brand new.

Ships from: acton, MA

Usually ships in 1-2 business days

  • Standard, 48 States
  • Standard (AK, HI)
$134.39
Seller since 2015

Feedback rating:

(333)

Condition: New
Brand New Item.

Ships from: Chatham, NJ

Usually ships in 1-2 business days

  • Canadian
  • International
  • Standard, 48 States
  • Standard (AK, HI)
  • Express, 48 States
  • Express (AK, HI)
Page 1 of 1
Showing All
Close
Sort by
Sending request ...

Overview

The purpose of this book is to give a coherent account of the different perspectives on science and technology that are normally studied under various disciplinary heads such as philosophy of science, sociology of science and science policy. It is intended for students embarking on courses in these subjects and assumes no special knowledge of any science. It is written in a direct and simple style, and technical language is introduced very sparingly. As various perspectives are sketched out in this book, the reader moves towards a consistent conception of contemporary science as a rapidly changing social institution that has already grown out of its traditional forms and plays a central role in society at large. It will appeal to students in a wide range of scientific disciplines and complement well Professor Ziman's earlier books.
Read More Show Less

Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
'Professor Ziman is an excellent guide in these matters … As an introductory map of the terrain, the book is clear and accurate. Each chapter is followed by a carefully chosen but not daunting long annotated reading list.' The Times Higher Education Supplement

'Ziman's book is a tour de force … It would make a fine textbook for an introductory course in a science, technology, and society program.' Science

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521259880
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 12/6/1984
  • Pages: 208

Table of Contents

Preface ix
1 Academic' science 1
1.1 Different aspects of science 1
1.2 The chain of discovery 2
1.3 'Internal' and 'external' sociologies of science 3
1.4 Three dimensions of 'academic' science 6
1.5 Academic science as 'public knowledge' 9
2 Research 13
2.1 Scientific knowledge 13
2.2 Description 14
2.3 Generality 15
2.4 Patterns of fact 16
2.5 Investigation 18
2.6 Instrumentation 19
2.7 Measurement 20
2.8 Experiment 22
2.9 Scientific laws 23
2.10 Explanation 24
2.11 Cause and effect 25
2.12 Models 26
2.13 Theory 28
2.14 Hypotheses 29
2.15 Problem-solving and the growth of knowledge 31
3 Validity 34
3.1 Epistemology 34
3.2 Empiricism 35
3.3 Phenomena and sense-data 37
3.4 The problem of induction 40
3.5 Inference 41
3.6 Prediction 43
3.7 The hypothetico-deductive method 46
3.8 Established knowledge 48
3.9 Does science describe reality? 52
3.10 Regulative principles of scientific work 55
4 Communication 58
4.1 The archival literature of science 58
4.2 Linkage by citation 60
4.3 What does a scientific paper say? 61
4.4 How do scientific papers get published? 62
4.5 Selection by peer review 64
4.6 The accreditation process 65
4.7 'Informal' communication between scientists 67
5 Authority 70
5.1 Recognition 70
5.2 Exchange of gifts--or competition? 72
5.3 Specialization 74
5.4 Invisible colleges 75
5.5 Stratification 76
5.6 Functions and dysfunctions of authority 78
6 Rules and norms 81
6.1 Behaving as a scientist 81
6.2 The Mertonian norms 84
6.3 An ethos of academic science 86
6.4 Does academic science have an ideology? 87
7 Change 91
7.1 Cognitive change 91
7.2 Institutional change 93
7.3 Change by revolution 94
7.4 The historical structure of scientific revolutions 96
7.5 The sociodynamics of scientific life 99
8 The sociology of scientific knowledge 102
8.1 Science and the sociology of knowledge 102
8.2 Epistemological relativism 103
8.3 The 'strong programme' in the sociology of knowledge 105
8.4 Science as a social enterprise 106
8.5 Establishing a consensus 108
8.6 Sociological epistemology 109
9 Science and technology 112
9.1 Science as an instrument 112
9.2 Science-based technology 113
9.3 Technology-based sciences 114
9.4 Scientific technique 114
9.5 Science or technology 115
9.6 Science from technology? 116
9.7 'S & T' 118
10 Pure and applied science 121
10.1 'R & D' in 'S & T' 121
10.2 Growth 123
10.3 Amateurism and state patronage 123
10.4 The rise of academic science 124
10.5 The external relations of academic science 126
10.6 Industrial science 127
10.7 Pure science--and its applications 129
11 Collectivized science 132
11.1 Societal demand 132
11.2 Apparatus 134
11.3 Sophistication and aggregation 136
11.4 Collaboration 137
11.5 The collectivization of science 138
12 R & D organizations 140
12.1 Science as an instrument of policy 140
12.2 The spectrum of relevance 141
12.3 The philosophy and methods of R & D 143
12.4 The management of R & D 144
12.5 The internal sociology of collectivized science 145
13 The economics of research 149
13.1 Costing the benefits 149
13.2 Macroeconomics of R & D 150
13.3 The sources of invention 152
13.4 The microeconomics of research 154
13.5 Economic incentives for R & D 156
14 Science and the State 159
14.1 Government support for science 159
14.2 The politics of science 160
14.3 Criteria for choice 161
14.4 The dilemma of patronage 164
14.5 The limits of control 166
14.6 Science in government 169
15 The scientist in society 173
15.1 Towards a social psychology of science 173
15.2 The scientist as intellectual entrepreneur 174
15.3 Citizen of the republic of science 176
15.4 The scientist as technical worker 177
15.5 The scientist as expert 178
15.6 Social responsibility in science 180
16 Science as a cultural resource 183
16.1 Beyond the instrumental mode 183
16.2 Public understanding of science 184
16.3 Folk science, pseudo-science and parascience 185
16.4 Academic scientism 187
16.5 Science and values 190
16.6 The value of science 192
Index 195
Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)