Introduction to Special Education: Teaching in an Age of Challenge / Edition 3

Introduction to Special Education: Teaching in an Age of Challenge / Edition 3

by Deborah Deutsch Smith
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0205265944

ISBN-13: 9780205265947

Pub. Date: 07/28/1997

Publisher: Pearson

With the belief that families must be integrally involved in all aspects of their children's education, more information is needed for educators and parents of children with special needs. This book provides much-needed insight to important issues in special education. The third edition of this book maintains a "people-first"

Overview

With the belief that families must be integrally involved in all aspects of their children's education, more information is needed for educators and parents of children with special needs. This book provides much-needed insight to important issues in special education. The third edition of this book maintains a "people-first" philosophy and emphasizes children with disabilities and their education. Important issues such as inclusion, cultural and linguistic diversity, technology, and other social issues that are broad and national in scope are discussed. All chapters are updated with the most current research. Educators and parents of children with disabilities.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780205265947
Publisher:
Pearson
Publication date:
07/28/1997
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
640
Product dimensions:
8.83(w) x 10.34(h) x 1.17(d)

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
1 The Context of Special Education
3(38)
A Personal Perspective: Lilly Cheng and the Starfish Story
4(2)
Disabilities Defined
6(7)
Focus on Diversity: Cultural Basis for the Concept of Disabilities
7(1)
Is Having a Disability Necessarily a Handicap?
7(2)
Classification and Labeling
9(2)
The Language of Disabilities
11(2)
Special Education Defined
13(1)
Special Education Services
13(1)
Special Education and Related Service Professionals
14(1)
History of Special Education
14(8)
Origins of Special Education
15(5)
Concept of Normalization
20(1)
Advocacy Movements
20(1)
Reasons for a National Special Education Law: Pattern of School Exclusion
21(1)
Legislation
22(11)
PL 94-142: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
22(5)
Tips for Teachers: Making LRE Decisions
27(2)
Reauthorizations and Amendments to PL 94-142
29(1)
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
30(1)
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
31(2)
Litigation to Interpret and Define IDEA
33(8)
Prevalence of Children with Special Needs
33(2)
Outcomes and Results of People with Disabilities
35(1)
Concepts and Controversy: Should the Stay-Put Provision Be a Right of Children with Disabilities?
36(1)
Summary
37(1)
Supplementary Resources
38(3)
2 IFSP, IEP, ITP: Planning and Delivering Services
41(38)
A Personal Perspective: Multidisciplinary Team Members Share Their Thoughts About the IEP Process
42(1)
Special Education Services
43(7)
Education Environments
43(4)
A Model for LRE Considerations
47(2)
Tips for Teachers: Guidelines for Implementing Multidisciplinary Teams
49(1)
Special Education and Related Service Professionals
49(1)
Individualized Special Education Programs
50(22)
Seven Steps to an Individualized Program Plan: The Planning Process
51(3)
Focus on Diversity: Assessing for Differences, Not Deficits
54(9)
Roles and Responsibilities in Planning the Individualized Program
63(1)
The Three Different Individualized Education Plans
63(7)
Teaching Tactics: Strategies for Promoting Student Involvement in the IEP Conference
70(2)
Concepts and Controversy: Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) and Full Inclusion, or Where Should Children with Disabilities Be Served?
72(2)
Summary
74(3)
Supplementary Resources
77(2)
3 Multicultural and Bilingual Special Education
79(44)
A Personal Perspective: A Bilingual Education Experience Gone Right
80(1)
Multicultural and Bilingual Special Education Defined
81(8)
Types of Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students
82(3)
Identification
85(3)
Significance
88(1)
Focus on Diversity: Perceptions about Disabilities
89(1)
History of the Field
89(3)
Prevalence
92(2)
Overrepresentation
93(1)
Underrepresentation
94(1)
Causes and Prevention of Disabilities in Diverse Students
94(4)
Causes
95(2)
Prevention
97(1)
Exceptional Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Children
98(5)
Language and Communication Differences
98(1)
Cultural Differences
99(1)
Mobility
100(3)
Educational Interventions
103(10)
Education and the Preschool Child
103(1)
Making Accommodations
104(1)
Education and the Schoolchild
105(1)
Teaching Tactics: The Nacirema--An Exercise in Cultural Perceptions
106(5)
Inclusion
111(1)
Transition Through Adulthood
112(1)
Families
113(3)
Tips for Teachers: Teacher Checklist--Getting to Know My Students and Their Families
114(1)
Cross-Cultural Dissonance
115(1)
Family-Teacher Partnerships
115(1)
Technology
116(1)
Concepts and Controversy: Laws That Mandate Speaking English
117(1)
Summary
118(2)
Supplementary Resources
120(3)
4 Learning Disabilities
123(56)
A Personal Perspective: College Students with Learning Disabilities Speak Out
124(1)
Learning Disabilities Defined
125(7)
Types of Learning Disabilities
127(1)
Identification
128(2)
Significance
130(2)
Focus On Diversity: Language Difference or Learning Disabilities?
132(1)
History of the Field
132(3)
Prevalence
135(2)
Causes and Prevention
137(3)
Causes
137(1)
Prevention
138(2)
Children with Learning Disabilities
140(8)
Learning Characteristics
140(5)
Social Skills Characteristics
145(2)
Attention Deficit Disorder
147(1)
Educational Interventions
149(19)
Education and the Preschool Child
148(3)
Education and the Schoolchild
151(1)
Tips for Teachers: Learning How to Learn
152(4)
Inclusion
156(1)
Teaching Tactics: Homework Self-Study Quiz for Teachers
157(2)
Making Accommodations
159(1)
Transition through Adulthood
160(7)
Families
167(2)
Parent Conferencing
167(2)
Parent-Teacher Partnerships
169(1)
Technology
169(3)
Computer-Assisted Instruction
170(1)
Writing Technology
171(1)
Videodisc Instruction
172(1)
Concepts and Controversy: Is ADD a Disability?
172(1)
Summary
173(2)
Supplementary Resources
175(4)
5 Speech or Language Impairments
179(50)
A Personal Perspective: A Parent's View of a Speech Impairment
180(1)
Speech or Language Impairments Defined
181(14)
Types of Speech or Language Impairments
184(6)
Identification
190(4)
Significance
194(1)
History of the Field
195(1)
Prevalence
196(2)
Causes and Prevention of Speech or Language Impairments
198(6)
Causes
198(4)
Focus on Diversity: Just Different Not Better
202(1)
Prevention
202(2)
Children with Speech or Language Impairments
204(3)
Speech Impairments
205(1)
Language Impairments
205(2)
Educational Interventions
207(11)
Education and the Preschool Child
207(1)
Tips for Teachers: Creating a Language-Sensitive Environment
208(3)
Education and the Schoolchild
211(2)
Teaching Tactics: The Shopping Spree
213(1)
Inclusion
214(2)
Making Accommodations
216(1)
Transition Through Adulthood
217(1)
Families
218(3)
Language Development and the Home
218(2)
Parents as Consumers of Technology
220(1)
Technology
221(3)
Alternative and Augmentative Communication
221(1)
Emerging Technologies for Language Intervention
222(2)
Concepts and Controversy: Can We Afford Not To?
224(1)
Summary
225(2)
Supplementary Resources
227(2)
6 Mental Retardation
229(44)
A Personal Perspective: An Older Brother with Mental Retardation
230(1)
Mental Retardation Defined
231(8)
Types
233(1)
Identification
234(2)
Significance
236(2)
Focus On Diversity: The Standardized Intelligence Test
238(1)
History of the Field
239(2)
Prevalence
241(9)
Causes and Prevention
242(8)
Causes
242(5)
Prevention
247(3)
Children with Mental Retardation
250(3)
Cognitive Impairments
250(1)
Tips for Teachers: Improving Generalization
251(1)
Adaptive Behavior
252(1)
Support
253(1)
Educational Interventions
253(11)
Making Accommodations
254(1)
Education and the Preschool Child
254(2)
Education and the Schoolchild
256(2)
Teaching Tactics: Task Analysis and Chaining
258(2)
Inclusion
260(1)
Transition Through Adulthood
261(3)
Families
264(1)
Family Support: Dads
264(1)
Family Support: Grandparents
265(1)
Family Support: Brothers and Sisters
265(1)
Technology
265(2)
Concepts and Controversy: Eugenics and Its Logical Extension
267(1)
Summary
268(2)
Supplementary Resources
270(3)
7 Giftedness and Talent Development
273(52)
A Personal Perspective: Students Attending a Class for Gifted Children Share Their Thoughts
274(1)
Giftedness and Talents Defined
275(10)
Types of Giftedness and Talents
276(5)
Focus on Diversity: The Increasing Challenge of Identifying Gifted LEP Students
281(2)
Identification
283(1)
Significance
284(1)
History of the Field
285(3)
Prevalence
288(1)
Causes: Factors That Enhance or Inhibit Giftedness
289(1)
Gifted Children
290(10)
Social Behavior
291(1)
Subgroups Requiring Special Attention
292(7)
Tips for Teachers: Considerations for Twice Exceptional Children
299(1)
Educational Interventions
300(17)
Education and the Preschool Child
301(1)
Education and the Schoolchild
302(1)
Teaching Tactics: Critical-Thinking Skills
303(7)
Inclusion
310(5)
Making Accommodations
315(1)
Transition Through Adulthood
315(2)
Families
317(1)
Technology
318(2)
Technology as a Functional Skill
318(1)
Electronic Outreach
319(1)
Concepts and Controversy: Do We Need a Different Way to Identify and Provide Gifted Education to Native American Students?
320(1)
Summary
321(2)
Supplementary Resources
323(2)
8 Behavior Disorders and Emotional Disturbance
325(41)
A Personal Perspective: A Mother Discusses Stigma
326(2)
Behavior Disorders and Emotional Disturbance Defined
328(9)
Types
330(4)
Identification
334(1)
Significance
335(2)
History of the Field
337(2)
Prevalence
339(1)
Focus on Diversity: Too Many When There Are Too Few
340(1)
Causes and Prevention
340(4)
Causes
341(2)
Prevention
343(1)
Children with Behavior Disorders and Emotional Disturbance
344(4)
Social Skills
344(1)
Tips for Teachers: Cardinal Rules for Conducting Social Skills Training
345(1)
Peer Perceptions
346(1)
Juvenile Justice and Delinquency
346(2)
Academic Performance
348(1)
Educational Interventions
348(12)
Education and the Preschool Child
348(1)
Education and the Schoolchild
349(4)
Teaching Tactics: The Intervention Ladder
353(3)
Inclusion
356(2)
Making Accommodations
358(1)
Transition Through Adulthood
359(1)
Families
360(1)
Negotiating the Mental Health Care System
360(1)
Foster Home Placements
360(1)
Technology
361(1)
Concepts and Controversy: Behavior Control Through Medication--Is It Necessary?
362(1)
Summary
363(2)
Supplementary Resources
365(1)
9 Physical Impairments and Special Health Care Needs
366(53)
A Personal Perspective: The People Who Make Special Education Special
368(2)
Physical Impairments and Special Health Care Needs Defined
370(14)
Types of Physical Impairments and Special Health Care Needs
371(10)
Identification
381(1)
Focus on Diversity: The Professional as Healer
382(1)
Significance
383(1)
History of the Field
384(3)
Prevalence
387(1)
Causes and Prevention
388(8)
Causes
388(3)
Prevention
391(4)
Tips for Teachers: Treatment Guidelines for Epileptic Seizures
395(1)
Children with Physical Impairments and Special Health Care Needs
396(5)
Characteristics Affecting Learning
397(3)
Characteristics Affecting the Classroom and School
400(1)
Educational Interventions
401(9)
Education and the Preschool Child
401(2)
Education and the Schoolchild
403(3)
Teaching Tactics: Designing a Learning Environment
406(1)
Inclusion
407(1)
Transition Through Adulthood
408(1)
Making Accommodations
409(1)
Families
410(1)
Technology
411(3)
Computers
412(1)
Bionics and Robotics
413(1)
Concepts and Controversy: Inclusion Versus Segregation
414(1)
Summary
415(1)
Supplementary Resources
416(3)
10 Deafness and Hard of Hearing
419(107)
A Personal Perspective: A Hearing Mom of a Deaf Middle Schooler Talks About Her Son's Deafness
420(1)
Deafness and Hard of Hearing Defined
421(8)
Types of Hearing Loss
423(1)
Identification
424(2)
Significance
426(3)
History of the Field
429(2)
Prevalence
431(2)
Causes and Prevention
433(7)
Causes
433(3)
Prevention
436(3)
Tips for Teachers: Towards Earlier Identification of Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students
439(1)
Deaf and Hard of Hearing Children
440(6)
Deaf Culture
440(1)
Focus on Diversity: The Deaf, Another Minority Group
441(1)
Academic Achievement
442(2)
Speech Ability
444(1)
Teaching Tactics: The Puzzle Technique
445(1)
Educational Interventions
446(12)
Education and the Preschool Child
446(1)
Education and the Schoolchild
447(2)
Making Accommodations
449(2)
Inclusion
451(2)
Transition Through Adulthood
453(5)
Families
458(2)
Language Development
458(1)
Family Stress
459(1)
Technology
460(7)
Assistive Listening Devices
460(3)
Telecommunication Devices
463(3)
Computerized Speech-to-Text Translations
466(1)
Alerting Devices
467(1)
Concepts and Controversy: Cochlear Implants: To Do or Not To Do?
467(1)
Summary
468(2)
Supplementary Resources
470(3)
11 Low Vision and Blindness
473(48)
A Personal Perspective: Two Families of Preschoolers with Visual Impairments Talk About Their Children
474(1)
Visual Impairments Defined
475(7)
Types of Visual Impairments
477(2)
Identification
479(2)
Significance
481(1)
Tips for Teachers: Helping Sighted Students Feel More Comfortable with Blind Peers
482(1)
History of the Field
482(3)
Prevalence
485(1)
Causes and Prevention
485(3)
Causes
486(1)
Prevention
486(2)
Low Vision and Blind Children
488(6)
Characteristics Affecting Social Skills
489(1)
Academic Performance
490(4)
Educational Interventions
494(15)
Education and the Preschool Child
495(3)
Education and the Schoolchild
498(2)
Teaching Tactics: Weekly Planning Sheet
500(4)
Inclusion
504(1)
Making Accommodations
505(1)
Transition Through Adulthood
506(3)
Families
509(3)
Helping Children Understand Their Visual Differences
510(1)
Families Coping with Stress
510(1)
Focus on Diversity: Circle of Life
511(1)
Technology
512(4)
Visual Aids
513(1)
Audio Aids
514(1)
Tactile Aids
515(1)
Concepts and Controversy: Is Literacy Necessary in the Twenty-First Century?
516(1)
Summary
517(1)
Supplementary Resources
518(3)
12 Very Low-Incidence Disabilities: Autism, Deaf-Blindness, Traumatic Brain Injury
521(38)
A Personal Perspective: An American Mom in Paris Negotiates a Different Educational System for Her Autistic Son
522(1)
Autism
523(1)
Autism Defined
524(3)
Types of Autism
525(1)
Identification
525(2)
Significance
527(1)
Prevalence
527(1)
Causes and Prevention
528(1)
Children with Autism
528(3)
Deaf-Blindness
531(1)
Deaf-Blindness Defined
531(3)
Identification
533(1)
Significance
533(1)
Prevalence
534(1)
Causes and Prevention
535(1)
Children with Deaf-Blindness
536(2)
Making Accommodations
536(2)
Traumatic Brain Injury
538(1)
TBI Defined
538(4)
Types of TBI
539(1)
Identification
540(1)
Significance
541(1)
Prevalence
542(1)
Causes and Prevention
542(1)
Children with TBI
543(1)
Very Low-Incidence Disabilities
544(1)
Educational Interventions
545(4)
Inclusion
546(1)
Teaching Tactics: Developing Functionally Equivalent Behaviors
547(1)
Transition
548(1)
Families
549(3)
Focus on Diversity: Being Culturally Sensitive When Developing Family Supports
551(1)
Technology
552(2)
Tips for Teachers: Video Technology and Communication with Family
553(1)
Concepts and Controversy: Are Separate Special Education Categories Necessary?
554(1)
Summary
555(2)
Supplementary Resources
557(2)
Glossary 559(14)
References 573(44)
Name Index 617(7)
Subject Index 624

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