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Introduction To Superconductivity / Edition 2
     

Introduction To Superconductivity / Edition 2

by Michael Tinkham
 

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ISBN-10: 0070648786

ISBN-13: 9780070648784

Pub. Date: 10/01/1995

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies, The

This classic text offers the most complete coverage of superconductivity and serves as an important text and reliable reference in the physics community. This text is well-known for its accessibility to graduate students and experimental physicists because it emphasizes physical arguments and minimizes theoretical formalism.

Overview

This classic text offers the most complete coverage of superconductivity and serves as an important text and reliable reference in the physics community. This text is well-known for its accessibility to graduate students and experimental physicists because it emphasizes physical arguments and minimizes theoretical formalism.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780070648784
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Companies, The
Publication date:
10/01/1995
Series:
International Series in Pure and Applied Physics
Edition description:
Second Edition
Pages:
454
Product dimensions:
6.62(w) x 9.56(h) x 0.98(d)

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
Suggestions for Using This Book xvii
Preface to the First Edition xix
Historical Overview
1(16)
The Basic Phenomena
2(2)
The London Equations
4(2)
The Pippard Nonlocal Electrodynamics
6(2)
The Energy Gap and the BCS Theory
8(1)
The Ginzburg-Landau Theory
9(2)
Type II Superconductors
11(2)
Phase, Josephson Tunneling, and Fluxoid Quantization
13(2)
Fluctuations and Nonequilibrium Effects
15(1)
High-Temperature Superconductivity
16(1)
Introduction to Electrodynamics of Superconductors
17(26)
The London Equations
18(1)
Screening of a Static Magnetic Field
19(3)
Flat Slab in Parallel Magnetic Field
20(1)
Critical Current of Wire
21(1)
Type I Superconductors in Strong Magnetic Fields: The Intermediate State
22(10)
Nonzero Demagnetizing Factor
24(1)
Intermediate State in a Flat Slab
25(6)
Intermediate State of a Sphere
31(1)
Intermediate State above Critical Current of a Superconducting Wire
32(5)
High-Frequency Electrodynamics
37(6)
Complex Conductivity in Two-Fluid Approximation
37(2)
High-Frequency Dissipation in Superconductors
39(4)
The BCS Theory
43(67)
Cooper Pairs
44(2)
Origin of the Attractive Interaction
46(2)
The BCS Ground State
48(5)
Variational Method
53(6)
Determination of the Coefficients
53(4)
Evaluation of Ground-State Energy
57(1)
Isotope Effect
58(1)
Solution by Canonical Transformation
59(3)
Excitation Energies and the Energy Gap
61(1)
Finite Temperatures
62(5)
Determination of Tc
62(1)
Temperature Dependence of the Gap
63(1)
Thermodynamic Quantities
64(3)
State Functions and the Density of States
67(4)
Density of States
70(1)
Electron Tunneling
71(8)
The Semiconductor Model
73(2)
Normal-Normal Tunneling
75(1)
Normal-Superconductor Tunneling
75(2)
Superconductor-Superconductor Tunneling
77(1)
Phonon Structure
78(1)
Transition Probabilities and Coherence Effects
79(10)
Ultrasonic Attenuation
82(2)
Nuclear Relaxation
84(2)
Electromagnetic Absorption
86(3)
Electrodynamics
89(11)
Calculation of K(0, T) or λL(T)
91(2)
Calculation of K(q, 0)
93(1)
Nonlocal Electrodynamics in Coordinate Space
94(2)
Effect of Impurities
96(1)
Complex Conductivity
97(3)
The Penetration Depth
100(8)
Preliminary Estimate of λ for Nonlocal Case
100(1)
Solution by Fourier Analysis
101(2)
Temperature Dependence of λ
103(1)
Penetration Depth in Thin Films: λeff and λ
104(2)
Measurement of λ
106(2)
Concluding Summary
108(2)
Ginzburg-Landau Theory
110(38)
The Ginzburg-Landau Free Energy
111(6)
The Ginzburg-Landau Differential Equations
117(3)
The Ginzburg-Landau Coherence Length
118(2)
Calculations of the Domain-Wall Energy Parameter
120(3)
Critical Current of a Thin Wire or Film
123(4)
Fluxoid Quantization and the Little-Parks Experiment
127(3)
The Fluxoid
127(1)
The Little-Parks Experiment
128(2)
Parallel Critical Field of Thin Films
130(2)
Thicker Films
131(1)
The Linearized GL Equation
132(2)
Nucleation in Bulk Samples: Hc2
134(1)
Nucleation at Surfaces: Hc3
135(4)
Nucleation in Films and Foils
139(4)
Angular Dependence of the Critical Field of Thin Films
139(2)
Nucleation in Films of Intermediate Thickness
141(2)
The Abrikosov Vortex State at Hc2
143(5)
Magnetic Properties of Classic Type II Superconductors
148(48)
Behavior Near Hc1: The Structure of an Isolated Vortex
149(5)
The High-K Approximation
151(2)
Vortex-Line Energy
153(1)
Interaction between Vortex Lines
154(1)
Magnetization Curves
155(7)
Low Flux Density
156(1)
Intermediate Flux Densities
157(3)
Regime Near Hc2
160(2)
Flux Pinning, Creep, and Flow
162(4)
Flux Flow
166(10)
The Bardeen-Stephen Model
167(4)
Onset of Resistance in a Wire
171(2)
Experimental Verification of Flux Flow
173(2)
Concluding Remarks on Flux Flow
175(1)
The Critical-State Model
176(3)
Thermally Activated Flux Creep
179(8)
Anderson-Kim Flux-Creep Theory
180(6)
Thermal Instability
186(1)
Superconducting Magnets for Time-Varying Fields
187(9)
Flux Jumps
188(2)
Twisted Composite Conductors
190(6)
Josephson Effect I: Basic Phenomena and Applications
196(52)
Introduction
196(2)
The Josephson Critical Current
198(4)
Short One-Dimensional Metallic Weak Links
198(2)
Other Weak Links
200(2)
Gauge-Invariant Phase
202(1)
The RCSJ Model
202(11)
Definition of the Model
202(3)
I-V Characteristics at T=0
205(2)
Effects of Thermal Fluctuations
207(4)
rf Driven Junctions
211(2)
Josephson Effect in Presence of Magnetic Flux
213(11)
The Basic Principle of Quantum Interference
213(2)
Extended Junctions
215(6)
Time-Dependent Solutions
221(3)
SQUID Devices
224(10)
The dc SQUID
225(4)
The rf SQUID
229(3)
SQUID Applications
232(2)
Arrays of Josephson Junctions
234(9)
Arrays in Zero Magnetic Field
236
Arrays in Uniform Magnetic Field
23g(242)
Arrays in rf Fields: Giant Shapiro Steps
242(1)
S-I-S Detectors and Mixers
243(5)
S-I-S Detectors
244(2)
S-I-S Mixers
246(2)
Josephson Effect II: Phenomena Unique to Small Junctions
248(39)
Introduction
248(1)
Damping Effect of Lead Impedance
249(7)
Effect on Retrapping Current
250(2)
The Phase Diffusion Branch
252(4)
Quantum Consequences of Small Capacitance
256(8)
Particle Number Eigenstates
258(1)
Macroscopic Quantum Tunneling
259(5)
Introducton to Single Electron Tunneling: The Coulomb Blockade and Staircase
264(2)
Energy and Charging Relations in Quasi-Equilibrium
266(12)
Zero Bias Circuit with Normal Island
267(2)
Even-Odd Number Parity Effect with Superconducting Island
269(5)
Zero Bias Supercurrents with Superconducting Island and Leads
274(4)
Double-Junction Circuit with Finite Bias Voltage
278(9)
Orthodox Theory and Determination of the I-V Curve
280(1)
The Special Case R2 ≫ R1
281(3)
Cotunneling or Macroscopic Quantum Tunneling of Charge
284(1)
Superconducting Island with Finite Bias Voltage
284(3)
Fluctuation Effects in Classic Superconductors
287(29)
Appearance of Resistance in a Thin Superconducting Wire
288(6)
Appearance of Resistance in a Thin Superconducting Film: The Kosterlitz-Thouless Transition
294(2)
Superconductivity above Tc in Zero-Dimensional Systems
296(2)
Spatial Variation of Fluctuations
298(4)
Fluctuation Diamagnetism above Tc
302(6)
Diamagnetism in Two-Dimensional Systems
307(1)
Time Dependence of Fluctuations
308(1)
Fluctuation-Enhanced Conductivity above Tc
309(7)
Three Dimensions
311(1)
Two Dimensions
311(1)
One Dimension
312(1)
Anomalous Contributions to Fluctuation Conductivity
313(1)
High-Frequency Conductivity
314(2)
The High-Temperature Superconductors
316(68)
Introduction
316(2)
The Lawrence-Doniach Model
318(8)
The Anisotropic Ginzburg-Landau Limit
319(3)
Crossover to Two-Dimensional Behavior
322(1)
Discussion
323(3)
Magnetization of Layered Superconductors
326(5)
The Anisotropic Ginzburg-Landau Regime
326(4)
The Lock-In Transition
330(1)
Flux Motion and the Resistive Transition: An Initial Overview
331(3)
The Melting Transition
334(11)
A Simple Model Calculation
335(3)
Experimental Evidence
338(4)
Two-Dimensional vs. Three-Dimensional Melting
342(3)
The Effect of Pinning
345(18)
Pinning Mechanisms in HTSC
345(3)
Larkin-Ovchinnikov Theory of Collective Pinning
348(5)
Giant Flux Creep in the Collective Pinning Model
353(3)
The Vortex-Glass Model
356(5)
Correlated Disorder and the Boson Glass Model
361(2)
Granular High-Temperature Superconductors
363(7)
Effective Medium Parameters
364(4)
Relationship between Granular and Continuum Models
368(1)
The "Brick-Wall" Model
369(1)
Fluxons and High-Frequency Losses
370(3)
Anomalous Properties of High-Temperature and Exotic Superconductors
373(11)
Unconventional Pairing
375(1)
Pairing Symmetry and Flux Quantization
376(2)
The Energy Gap
378(4)
Heavy Fermion Superconductors
382(2)
Special Topics
384(19)
The Bogoliubov Method: Generalized Self Consistent Field
384(6)
Dirty Superconductors
386(1)
Uniform Current in Pure Superconductors
387(1)
Excitations in Vortex
388(2)
Magnetic Perturbations and Gapless Superconductivity
390(9)
Depression of Tc by Magnetic Perturbations
391(3)
Density of States
394(5)
Time-Dependent Ginzburg-Landau Theory
399(4)
Electron-Phonon Relaxation
401(2)
Nonequilibrium Superconductivity
403(30)
Introduction
403(1)
Quasi-Particle Disequilibrium
404(4)
Energy-Mode vs. Charge-Mode Disequilibrium
405(2)
Relaxation Times
407(1)
Energy-Mode Disequilibrium: Steady-State Enhancement of Superconductivity
408(4)
Enhancement by Microwaves
409(1)
Enhancement by Extraction of Quasi-Particles
410(2)
Energy-Mode Disequilibrium: Dynamic Nonequilibrium Effects
412(9)
GL Equation for Time-Dependent Gap
412(2)
Transient Superconductivity above Ic
414(3)
Dynamic Enhancement in Metallic Weak Links
417(4)
Charge-Mode Disequilibrium: Steady-State Regimes
421(6)
Andreev Reflection
423(2)
Subharmonic Energy Gap Structure
425(2)
Time-Dependent Charge-Mode Disequilibrium: Phase-Slip Centers
427(6)
Appendix 1: Units 433(2)
Appendix 2: Notation and Conventions 435(2)
Appendix 3: Exact Solution for Penetration Depth by Fourier Analysis 437(5)
Bibliography 442(3)
Index 445

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