Introduction to the Design of Fixed-Wing Micro Air Vehicles Including Three Case Studies

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This intriguing book breaks new ground on an emerging subject that has attracted considerable attention: the use of unmanned micro air vehicles (MAVs) to conduct special, limited-duration missions.

Significant advances in the miniaturization of electronics make it now possible to use vehicles of this type in a detection or surveillance role to carry visual, acoustic, chemical, or biological sensors. Interestingly, many of the advances in MAV technology can be traced directly to annual student competitions, begun in the late 1990s, that use relatively low-cost model airplane equipment. The wide variety of configurations entered in these contests and their ongoing success has led to a serious interest in testing the performance of these vehicles for adaptation to practical applications. MAVs present aerodynamic issues unique to their size and the speeds at which they operate. Of particular concern is the aerodynamic efficiency of various fixed-wing concepts. Very little information on the performance of low aspect ratio wing planforms existed for this flight regime until MAVs became of interest, and the proliferation of fixed-wing designs has since expanded.

This book presents a brief history of unmanned air vehicles and offers elements of aerodynamics for low aspect ratio wings. Propulsion and the basic concepts for fixed-wing MAV design are presented, as is a method for autopilot integration. Three different wing configurations are presented in a series of step-by-step case studies.

The goal of the book is to assist both working professionals and students to design, build, and fly MAVs, and do so in a way that will advance the state of the art and lead to the development of even smaller aircraft.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781563478499
  • Publisher: American Institute of Aeronautics & Astronautics
  • Publication date: 1/1/2007
  • Series: AIAA Education Ser.
  • Pages: 300
  • Sales rank: 1,389,444
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface     xiii
Overview of Micro-Air-Vehicle Development   Thomas J. Mueller     1
Introduction     1
Historical Perspective     4
Conclusion     34
Acknowledgments     34
References     35
Elements of Aerodynamics, Propulsion, and Design   Thomas J. Mueller   Gabriel E. Torres   Donald W. Srull     39
Nomenclature     39
Introduction     41
Rigid Wings     46
Flexible and Adaptive Wings     65
Propulsion     67
MAV Design Using Experimental Database     97
Numerical Approach to MAV Design     99
Conclusion     101
Acknowledgments     102
References     103
Autopilot Integration into Micro Air Vehicles   Roman Krashanitsa   George Platanitis   Dmytro Silin   Sergey Shkarayev     109
Nomenclature     109
Introduction     110
MAV Designs and Specifications     115
Flight-Control System     118
Stability and Control Design for Micro Air Vehicles     121
Flight Testing     141
Conclusion     146
Appendix     147
Acknowledgments     148
References     148
Case Study: Micro Tactical Expendable Rigid-Wing Micro Air Vehicle   James C. Kellogg     151
Nomenclature     151
Introduction     152
NRL and DARPA MAV Programs     152
Development of the MITE Configuration     153
Detailed Design of the MITE     157
Flight Experimentation and Design Evolution     172
Stability and Flight Control     177
MITE Demonstrations and the Transition to the Dragon Eye UAV     181
Conclusion     181
Acknowledgments     184
References     184
Flexible-Wing Micro Air Vehicles   Peter G. Ifju   Roberto Albertani   Bret K. Stanford   Daniel J. Claxton   Michael J. Sytsma     185
Nomenclature     185
Acronyms     185
Introduction     186
Description of the MAV     190
MAV Fabrication Methods     192
Wind-Tunnel Characterization of the Flexible Wing     199
Modeling of Flexible Wings     225
Flight Testing      236
Conclusion     239
Acknowledgments     239
References     239
Development of Micro Air Vehicles with in-Flight Adaptive Wing   Motoyuki Aki   Martin Waszak   Sergey Shkarayev     241
Nomenclature     241
Introduction     242
Conceptual Design     245
Wind-Tunnel Testing     251
Design of Adaptive-Wing MAVs     261
Flight Testing     270
Conclusion     273
Acknowledgments     274
References     274
Summary     277
Index     281
Supporting Materials     289
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