Introduction to Thermal and Fluid Engineering / Edition 1

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Overview


Introduction to Thermal and Fluid Engineering presents an integrated overview of heat transfer, fluid mechanics, and thermodynamics specifically designed for engineering students not specializing in mechanical engineering.
The text shows how all three components of thermal and fluid sciences--thermodynamics, heat transfer, and fluid mechanics--relate to each other. It offers intensely practical, design-oriented examples that relate to electrical, civil, aerospace, computer, and chemical engineering. Students will learn about thermal science applications that pertain to the challenges awaiting them in the real world, as opposed to studying theory that is irrelevant to their future careers.
Introduction to Thermal and Fluid Engineering is ideal for undergraduate survey courses and can be used as a professional reference. It assumes knowledge of basic physics and mathematics through ordinary differential equations.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781420088083
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • Publication date: 9/27/2011
  • Series: Heat Transfer Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 972
  • Product dimensions: 7.30 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 2.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Allan Kraus is Professor Emeritus at the University of Akron in Ohio.

J.R. Welty is Professor at Oregon State University.

A. Aziz is Professor at Gonzaga University in Washington.

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Table of Contents

The Thermal/Fluid Sciences: Introductory Concepts

Thermodynamics

Fluid Mechanics

Heat Transfer

Engineered Systems and Products

Historical Development

The Thermal/Fluid Sciences and the Environment


Thermodynamics: Preliminary Concepts and Definitions

The Study of Thermodynamics

Some Definitions

Dimensions and Units

Density and Related Properties

Pressure

Temperature and the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics

Problem-Solving Methodology


Energy and the First Law of Thermodynamics

Kinetic, Potential, and Internal Energy

Work

Heat

The First Law of Thermodynamics

The Energy Balance for Closed Systems

The Ideal Gas Model

Ideal Gas Enthalpy and Specific Heats

Processes of an Ideal Gas


Properties of Pure, Simple Compressible Substances

The State Postulate

P-v-T Relationships

Thermodynamic Property Data

The T-s and h-s Diagrams

Real Gas Behavior

Equations of State

The Polytropic Process for an Ideal Gas


Control Volume Mass and Energy Analysis

The Control Volume

Conservation of Mass

Conservation of Energy for a Control Volume

Specific Heats of Incompressible Substances

Applications of Control Volume Energy Analysis

Synthesis or Analysis?

The First Law Heat Balance

Design Example


The Second Law of Thermodynamics

The Kelvin-Planck Statement and Heat Engines

The Clausius Statement: Refrigerators and Heat Pumps

The Equivalence of the Kelvin-Planck and Clausius Statements

Reversible and Irreversible Processe

The Carnot Cycle

The Carnot Cycle with External Irreversibilities

The Absolute Temperature Scales


Entropy

The Classical Definition of Entropy

The Clausius Inequality

The Temperature-Entropy Diagram

The Gibbs Property Relations

Entropy Change for Solids, Liquids, and Ideal Gases

The Isentropic Process for an Ideal Gas

Isentropic Efficiencies of Steady Flow Devices

The Entropy Balance Equation


Gas Power Systems

The Internal Combustion Engine

The Air Standard Otto Cycle

Design Example

The Air Standard Diesel Cycle

The Gas Turbine

The Jet Engine


Vapor Power and Refrigeration Cycles

The Steam Power Plant

The Ideal Rankine Cycle

The Ideal Rankine Cycle with Superheat

The Effect of Irreversibilities

The Rankine Cycle with Superheat and Reheat

Design Example

The Ideal Rankine Cycle with Regeneration

The Ideal Refrigeration Cycle

The Ideal Vapor Compression Refrigeration Cycle

Departures from the Ideal Refrigeration Cycle


Mixtures of Gases, Vapors, and Combustion Products

Mixtures of Ideal Gases

Psychrometrics

The Psychrometric Chart

The Products of Combustion


Introduction to Fluid Mechanics

The Definition of a Fluid

Fluid Properties and Flow Properties

The Variation of Properties in a Fluid

The Continuum Concept

Laminar and Turbulent Flow

Fluid Stress Conventions and Concepts

Viscosity, a Fluid Property

Design Example

Other Fluid Properties


Fluid Statics

Pressure Variation in a Static Field

Hydrostatic Pressure

Hydrostatic Forces on Plane Surfaces

Design Example

Hydrostatic Forces on Curved Surfaces

Buoyancy

Stability

Uniform Rectilinear Acceleration


Control Volume Analysis—Mass and Energy Conservation

Fundamental Laws

Conservation of Mass

Mass Conservation Applications

The First Law of Thermodynamics for a Control Volume

Applications of the Control Volume Expression for the First Law

The Bernoulli Equation

Design Example


Newton’s Second Law of Motion

Linear Momentum

Applications of the Control Volume Expression

Design Example

The Control Volume Relation for the Moment of Momentum

Applications of the Moment of Momentum Relationship


Dimensional Analysis and Similarity

Fundamental Dimensions

The Buckingham Pi Theorem

Reduction of Differential Equations to a Dimensionless Form

Dimensional Analysis of Rotating Machines

Similarity


Viscous Flow

Reynolds’ Experiment

Fluid Drag

Design Example

Boundary Layer Flow over a Flat Plate


Flow in Pipes and Pipe Networks

Frictional Loss in Pipes

Dimensional Analysis of Pipe Flow

Fully Developed Flow

Friction Factors for Fully Developed Flow

Friction Factor and Head Loss Determination for Pipe Flow

Design Example

Design Example

Design Example

Multiple-Path Pipe Systems


Fluid Machinery

The Centrifugal Pump

The Net Positive Suction Head

Combining Pump and System Performance

Scaling Laws for Pumps and Fans

Axial and Mixed Flow Pumps

Turbines


Introduction to Heat Transfer

Conduction

Thermal Conductivity

Convection

Radiation

Thermal Resistance

Combined Mechanisms of Heat Transfer

The Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient

Steady-State Conduction

The General Equation of Heat Conduction

Conduction in Plane Walls

Radial Heat Flow

Simple Shapes with Heat Generation

Extended Surfaces

Two-Dimensional Conduction


Unsteady-State Conduction

The Lumped Capacitance Model

The Semi-Infinite Solid

Design Example

Finite-Sized Solids


Forced Convection—Internal Flow

Temperature Distributions with Internal Forced Convection

Convective Heat Transfer Coefficients

Applications of Internal Flow Forced Convection Correlations

Design Example

Design Example


Forced Convection—External Flow

Flow Parallel to a Plane Wall

External Flow over Bluff Bodies

Design Example


Free or Natural Convection

Governing Parameters

Working Correlations for Natural Convection

Natural Convection in Parallel Plate Channels

Design Example

Natural Convection in Enclosures


Heat Exchangers

Governing Relationships

Heat Exchanger Analysis Methods

Design Example

Finned Heat Exchangers


Radiation Heat Transfer

The Electromagnetic Spectrum

Monochromatic Emissive Power

Radiation Properties and Kirchhoff’s Law

Radiation Intensity and Lambert’s Cosine Law

Heat Flow between Blackbodies

Heat Flow by Radiation between Two Bodies

Radiosity and Irradiation

Radiation within Enclosures by a Network Method

Appendix A: Tables and Charts

Appendix B: Summary of Differential Vector Operations in Three Coordinate Systems

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