Introduction to UAV Systems / Edition 4

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Overview

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have been widely adopted in the military world over the last decade and the success of these military applications is increasingly driving efforts to establish unmanned aircraft in non-military roles.

Introduction to UAV Systems, 4th edition provides a comprehensive introduction to all of the elements of a complete Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS). It addresses the air vehicle, mission planning and control, several types of mission payloads, data links and how they interact with mission performance, and launch and recovery concepts. This book provides enough information to encourage a student to learn more; to provide a specialist with a basic appreciation of the technical issues that drive other parts of the system and interact with their specialty; or to help a program manager understand system-level tradeoffs and know what questions to ask.

Key features:

  • Comprehensive overview of all elements of a UAS and of how they interact.
  • Introduces the underlying concepts of key subsystems.
  • Emphasizes system-integration issues and how they relate to subsystem design choices.
  • Practical discussion of issues informed by lessons learned in UAV programs.

Introduction to UAV Systems, 4th edition is written both for newcomers to the subject and for experienced members of the UAV community who desire a comprehensive overview at the system level.

As well as being a primary text for an introductory course on UAS or a supplementary text in a course that goes into more depth in one of the individual technologies involved in a UAS, this book is a useful overview for practicing engineers, researchers, managers, and consultants interested in UAV systems.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

“Useful for students who need the necessary background for working on projects in this field. Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates and graduate aeronautical and electrical engineering students; professionals.” (Choice, 1 July 2013)

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781119978664
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 9/25/2012
  • Series: Aerospace Series
  • Edition number: 4
  • Pages: 306
  • Sales rank: 449,133
  • Product dimensions: 9.70 (w) x 6.70 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Table of Contents

Part One: Introduction
1 History and Overview
1.1 Overview
1.2 History
1.2.1 Early History
1.2.2 The Vietnam War
1.2.3 Resurgence
1.2.4 Joint Operations
1.2.5 Desert Storm
1.2.6 Bosnia
1.2.7 Afghanistan and Iraq
1.3 Overview of UAV Systems
1.4 The Aquila
1.4.1 Aquila Mission and Requirements
1.4.2 Air Vehicle
1.4.3 Ground Control Station
1.4.4 Launch and Recovery
1.4.5 Payload
1.4.6 Other Equipment
1.4.7 Summary

2 Classes and Missions of UAVs
2.1 Overview
2.2 Examples of UAV Systems
2.2.1 Very Small UAVs
2.2.2 Small UAVs
2.2.3 Medium UAVs
2.2.4 Large UAVs
2.3 Expendable UAVs
2.4 Classes of UAV systems
2.4.1 Classification by Range and Endurance
2.4.2 Informal Categories of Small UAV Systems by Size
2.4.3 The Tier System
2.4.4 Another Classification Change
2.5 Missions

Part Two: The Air Vehicle
3 Basic Aerodynamics
3.1 Overview
3.2 Basic Aerodynamic Equations
3.3 Aircraft Polar
3.4 The Real Wing and Airplane
3.5 Induced Drag
3.6 The Boundary Layer
3.7 Flapping Wings
3.8 Total Air Vehicle Drag
3.9 Summary

4 Performance
4.1 Overview
4.2 Climbing Flight
4.3 Range
4.3.1 Range for a Propeller-Driven Aircraft
4.3.2 Range for a Jet-Propelled Aircraft
4.4 Endurance
4.4.1 Endurance for a Propeller-Driven Aircraft
4.4.2 Endurance for a Jet-Powered Aircraft
4.5 Gliding Flight
4.6 Summary

5 Stability and Control
5.1 Overview
5.2 Stability
5.2.1 Longitudinal Stability
5.2.2 Lateral Stability
5.2.3 Dynamic Stability
5.2.4 Summary
5.3 Control
5.3.1 Aerodynamic Control
5.3.2 Pitch Control
5.3.3 Lateral Control
5.4 Autopilots

6 Propulsion
6.1 Overview
6.2 Thrust Generation
6.3 Powered Lift
6.4 Sources of Power
6.4.1 The Two Cycle Engine
6.4.2 The Rotary Engine
6.4.3 The Gas Turbine
6.4.4 Electric Motors
6.4.5 Sources of Electrical Power

7 Loads and Structures
7.1 Overview
7.2 Loads
7.3 Dynamic loads
7.4 Materials
7.4.1 Sandwich Construction
7.4.2 Skin or Reinforcing Materials
7.4.3 Resin Materials
7.4.4 Core Materials
7.5 Construction Techniques

Part Three: Mission Planning and Control

8 Mission Planning and Control Station
8.1 Overview
8.2 MPCS Architecture
8.2.1 Local Area Networks
8.2.2 Elements of a LAN
8.2.3 Levels of Communication
8.2.4 Bridges and Gateways
8.3 Physical Configuration
8.4 Planning and Navigation
8.4.1 Planning
8.4.2 Navigation and Target Location
8.5 MPCS Interfaces

9 Air Vehicle and Payload Control
9.1 Overview
9.2 Modes of Control
9.3 Piloting the Air Vehicle
9.3.1 Remote Piloting
9.3.2 Autopilot Assisted Control
9.3.3 Complete Automation
9.3.4 Summary
9.4 Controlling Payloads
9.4.1 Signal relay payloads
9.4.2 Atmospheric, Radiological, and Environmental Monitoring
9.4.3 Imaging and Pseudo-Imaging Payloads
9.5 Controlling the Mission
9.6 Autonomy

Part Four: Payloads
10 Reconnaissance/Surveillance Payloads
10.1 Overview
10.2 Imaging Sensors
10.2.1 Target Detection, Recognition, and Identification
10.3 The Search Process
10.4 Other Considerations
10.4.1 Stabilization of the Line of Sight

11 Weapon Payloads
11.1 Overview
11.2 History of Lethal Unmanned Aircraft
11.3 Mission Requirements for Armed Utility UAVs
11.4 Design Issues Related to Carriage and Delivery of Weapons
11.4.1 Payload Capacity
11.4.2 Structural Issues
11.4.3 Electrical Interfaces
11.4.4 Electromagnetic Interference
11.4.5 Launch Constraints for Legacy Weapons
11.4.6 Safe Separation
11.4.7 Data Links
11.5 Other Issues Related to Combat Operations
11.5.1 Signature Reduction
11.5.2 Autonomy

12 Other Payloads
12.1 Overview
12.2 Radar
12.2.1 General Radar Considerations
12.2.2 Synthetic Aperture Radar
12.3 Electronic Warfare
12.4 Chemical Detection
12.5 Nuclear Radiation Sensors
12.6 Meteorological Sensors
12.7 Pseudo Satellites

Part Five: Data Links
13 Data Link Functions and Attributes
13.1 Overview
13.2 Background
13.3 Data-Link Functions
13.4 Desirable Data-Link Attributes
13.4.1 World-Wide Availability
13.4.2 Resistance to Unintentional Interference
13.4.3 Low Probability of Intercept
13.4.4 Security
13.4.5 Resistance to Deception
13.4.6 Anti-ARM
13.4.7 Anti-Jam
13.4.8 Digital Data Links
13.5 System Interface Issues
13.5.1 Mechanical and Electrical
13.5.2 Data Rate Restrictions
13.5.3 Control-Loop Delays
13.5.4 Interoperability, Interchangeability and Commonality

14 Data Link Margin
14.1 Overview
14.2 Sources of Data Link Margin
14.2.1 Transmitter Power
14.2.2 Antenna Gain
14.2.3 Array Antennas
14.2.4 Lens Antennas
14.2.5 Processing Gain.
14.3 Definition of AJ Margin
14.3.1 Jammer Geometry
14.3.2 System Implications of AJ Capability
14.3.3 Anti-Jam Up-Links
14.4 Propagation
14.4.1 Obstruction of the Propagation Path
14.4.2 Atmospheric Absorption
14.4.3 Precipitation Losses
14.5 Data-Link Signal-to-Noise Budget

15 Data Rate Reduction
15.1 Overview
15.2 Compression versus Truncation
15.3 Video Data
15.4 Non Video Data
15.5 Location of the Data-Rate Reduction Function

16 Data Link Tradeoffs
16.1 Overview
16.2 Basic Tradeoffs
16.3 Pitfalls of "Putting Off" Data-Link Issues
16.4 Future Technology

Part Six: Launch and Recovery

17 Launch Systems
17.1 Overview
17.2 Basic Considerations
17.3 UAV Launch Methods for Fixed-Wing Vehicles
17.3.1 Rail Launchers
17.3.2 Pneumatic Launchers
17.3.3 Hydraulic/Pneumatic Launchers
17.3.4 Zero Length RATO Launch of UAVs
17.4 Vertical Take-Off and Landing UAV Launch

18 Recovery Systems
18.1 Overview
18.2 Conventional landings
18.3 Vertical Net Systems
18.4 Parachute Recovery
18.5 VTOL UAVs
18.6 Mid-Air Retrieval
18.7 Shipboard Recovery

19 Launch and Recovery Tradeoffs
19.1 UAV Launch Method Tradeoffs
19.2 Recovery Method Tradeoffs
19.3 Overall Conclusions

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