Inventing Modern America: From the Microwave to the Mouse

Inventing Modern America: From the Microwave to the Mouse

by David E. Brown
     
 

ISBN-10: 0262523493

ISBN-13: 9780262523493

Pub. Date: 04/01/2003

Publisher: MIT Press

Inventing Modern America profiles thirty-five inventors who exemplify the rich technological creativity of the United States over the past century. The range of their contributions is broad. They have helped transform our homes, our healthcare, our work, our environment, and the way we travel and communicate.

The inventors profiled include such well-known

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Overview

Inventing Modern America profiles thirty-five inventors who exemplify the rich technological creativity of the United States over the past century. The range of their contributions is broad. They have helped transform our homes, our healthcare, our work, our environment, and the way we travel and communicate.

The inventors profiled include such well-known figures as George Washington Carver, Henry Ford, and Steve Wozniak, as well as unsung technological pioneers such as Stephanie Kwolek, inventor of Kevlar,
and Wilson Greatbatch, inventor of the first implantable cardiac pacemaker.

Inventing Modern America is designed to create excitement about invention through the personal stories of these
American scientists, technologists, and researchers. It is accessible enough to engage high school students yet wide-ranging and interesting enough to appeal to anyone who has ever wondered where microwave ovens and traffic lights come from.

The book was developed by the Lemelson-MIT Program for
Invention and Innovation, whose mission is to inspire a new generation of American scientists, engineers, and entrepreneurs.

The MIT Press

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780262523493
Publisher:
MIT Press
Publication date:
04/01/2003
Edition description:
Reprint
Pages:
221
Product dimensions:
9.00(w) x 11.00(h) x 0.50(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

Foreword
Introduction2
Medicine and Healthcare
Raymond Damadian: MRI scanner, magnetic resonance imaging (1977)6
Thomas Fogarty: balloon embolectomy catheter (1961)12
Wilson Greatbatch: implantable cardiac pacemaker (1958)18
Dean Kamen: portable medication technology (1970s)24
Mary-Claire King: advances in the treatment of breast cancer (1990)30
Robert Langer: biomedical applications of polymers (1980s)34
Rosalyn Yalow: RIA, radioimmunoassay (1959)38
Consumer Products
Leo Baekeland: Bakelite, the first modern plastic (1907)46
Harold "Doc" Edgerton: stop-action photography (1931)52
Philo T. Farnsworth: electronic television (1927)58
Stephanie Kwolek: Kevlar (1964)62
Jerome Lemelson: apparatus for driving tape in a cartridge (1972)68
Jacob Rabinow: self-regulating clock (1954)74
Percy Spencer: microwave oven (1947)80
Transportation
Ole Evinrude: outboard boat motor (1907)86
Henry Ford: assembly line (1913)90
Robert Goddard: liquid-fueled rocket (1926)94
Paul MacCready: human-powered airplane (1977)100
Garrett Morgan: traffic signal (1923)106
Elmer Ambrose Sperry: gyrocompass (1911)112
Energy and Environment
George Washington Carver: industrial applications for agricultural products (1910s)120
Carl Djerassi: nontoxic pest-control products (1960s)124
Sally Fox: naturally colored cotton (1989)128
Buckminster Fuller: geodesic dome (1950)134
Ashok Gadgil: ultraviolet water purifications system (1993)140
Stanford Ovshinksy: mass production of photovoltaic cells (1983)144
John Todd: ecosystems for combating pollution (1984)148
Computing and Telecommunications
Nolan Bushnell: video game (1971)156
Douglas Engelbart: computer mouse (1968)162
Al Gross: walkie-talkie (1937)168
Erna Schneider Hoover: computerized telephone switching system (1965)172
Grace Murray Hopper: computer compiler (1952)178
Raymond Kurzweil: optical reading machine for the blind (1976)182
Carver Mead: very-large-scale integrated circuits (1971)188
Steve Wozniak: personal computer (1976)194
Sources and Further Reading198
Index201
Acknowledgments207
Photo Credits208

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