1. Introduction; 2. Space environment; 3. Transport equations; 4. Collisions; 5. Simplified transport equations; 6. Wave phenomena; 7. Magnetohydrodynamic formulation; 8. Chemical processes; 9. Ionization and energy exchange processes; 10. Neutral atmospheres; 11. The terrestrial ionosphere at middle and low latitudes; 12. The terrestrial ionosphere at high latitudes; 13. Planetary ionospheres; 14. Ionospheric measurement techniques; Appendix A. Physical constants and conversions; Appendix B. Vector relations and operators; Appendix C. Integrals and transformations; Appendix D. Functions and series expansions; Appendix E. System of units; Appendix F. Maxwell transfer equations; Appendix G. Collision models; Appendix H. Maxwell velocity distribution; Appendix I. Semilinear expressions for transport coefficients; Appendix J. Solar fluxes and relevant cross sections; Appendix K. Atmospheric models; Appendix L. Scalars, vectors, dyadics and tensors; Appendix M. Radio wave spectrum; Appendix N. Simple derivation of continuity equation; Appendix O. Numerical solution for F-region ionisation; Index.
Ionospheres: Physics, Plasma Physics, and Chemistry / Edition 2by Robert Schunk, Andrew Nagy
Pub. Date: 10/31/2009
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This combination of text and reference book describes the physical, plasma and chemical processes controlling the behavior of ionospheres, upper atmospheres and exospheres. It summarizes the structure, chemistry, dynamics and energetics of the terrestrial ionosphere and other solar system bodies, and discusses the processes, mechanisms and transport equations for
This combination of text and reference book describes the physical, plasma and chemical processes controlling the behavior of ionospheres, upper atmospheres and exospheres. It summarizes the structure, chemistry, dynamics and energetics of the terrestrial ionosphere and other solar system bodies, and discusses the processes, mechanisms and transport equations for solving fundamental research problems. This second edition incorporates new results, model developments and interpretations from the last 10 years. It includes the latest material on neutral atmospheres; the terrestrial ionosphere at low, middle and high latitudes; and planetary atmospheres and ionospheres, where results from recent space missions have yielded fresh data. Appendices outline physical constants, mathematical formulas, transport coefficients, and other important parameters for ionospheric calculations. This is an essential resource for researchers studying ionospheres, upper atmospheres, aeronomy and plasma physics. It is also an ideal textbook for graduate-level courses, with supplementary problem sets, and solutions for instructors at www.cambridge.org/9780521877060.
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